19 judgments found.

Ndong Bee, et al. v. Equatorial Guinea

Country: Equatorial Guinea
Year: 2005
Court: UN Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communications Nos. 1152/2003 and 1190/2003
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Human Rights Committee (the “Committee”) joined two communications which referred to the same facts. The first communication concerned Patricio Ndong Bee who was a prisoner in Black Beach Prison on behalf of himself and four other inmates who were being held incommunicado. The second communication was filed by the wife of yet another prisoner …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Hunger, Inhuman treatment, Prison conditions, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Yakye Axa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2005
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. v. Para., Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 125 (June 17, 2005).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Medicines, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The indigenous community of Yakye Axa, a traditional society of hunter-gatherers, was resettled as part of a development program in Paraguay started in 1979. They were displaced to lands with a natural environment and resources that were different from the Yakye Axa’s traditional territory and incompatible with their traditional means of subsistence.  They also faced …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
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Yakye Axa Indigenous Community of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Para., Case 12.313, Inter-Am. Comm’n H.R., Report No. 2/02, OEA/Ser.L./V/II.117, doc. 1 rev. 1 (2003).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

This case was heard by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Their opinion is available here. Leaders of the Yakye Axa indigenous community of the Enxet-Lengua people filed suit against the Republic of Paraguay claiming that the Paraguayan State violated Articles 4 (right to life) and 25 (judicial protection), in conjunction with Article 1(1) (obligation …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Professor Yosef Gamzu v. Na’ama Yeshayahu

Country: Israel
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court (sitting as the Court of Civil Appeal)
Citation: LCA 4905/98
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellant owed the respondent and her daughter a maintenance debt that had accumulated to about 1.25 million New Shekel, having previously failed to pay regular maintenance and child support payments to his wife and daughter.  Being unable to afford this amount as a lump sum, he sought to have the Head of the Execution …Read more

Tags: Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Starvation
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Malawi African Association, et al. v. Mauritania

Country: Mauritania
Year: 2000
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2000) AHRLR 149 (ACHPR 2000); Communications 54/91, 61/91, 98/93, 164-196/97 and 210/98
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Six communications jointly alleged that the Mauritanian state committed numerous human rights violations from 1986 to 1992. Specifically, the communications alleged that the State violated articles 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, and 26 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (“the Charter”), which came into …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Military, Prison conditions, Rape, Refugees, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Victor Rosario Congo v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 1999
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report 63/99, Case No. 11.427; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.106 Doc. 6 rev., April 13, 1999
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Victor Rosario Congo, an Ecuadorian, was placed in a detention center pending investigations into criminal charges. There were indications that he suffered from a mental disorder. In September 12, 1990, Mr. Congo was placed in an isolation cell at which time a guard assaulted him in the Rehabilitation Center, inflicting a wound to his head. …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Dehydration, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Isolation, Jail, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Seclusion, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case T-411-1994

Country: Colombia
Year: 1994
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitucional]
Citation: No. T-411-1994
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A 10-month-old baby girl was diagnosed with lobar pneumonia, malnourishment, and dehydration. A doctor advised her parents to seek immediate medical attention considering her critical health state was putting her life at risk. The parents were evangelical Christians whose sect did not allow them to take the baby to the hospital for treatment. The Caldono …Read more

Tags: Child mortality, Children, Dehydration, Hunger, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Minor, Pediatric health, Starvation
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M’Boissona (on behalf of Bozize) v. Central African Republic

Country: Central African Republic
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication 428/1990, UN Doc. CCPR/C/50/D/428/1990
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

In a communication submitted to the United Nations Humans Right Committee (“UNHRC”), Yvonne M’Boissona asserted that her brother, François Bozize, led a coup d’état in the Central African Republic in 1982. After fleeing the country, he was arrested in July 1989 in Benin, repatriated to the Central African Republic by force, and imprisoned at a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Assault, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Food, Food safety, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Malnutrition, Military, Militias, Prison conditions, Refugee, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Herczegfalvy v. Austria

Country: Austria
Year: 1992
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 10533/83, Eur. Ct. H.R. 58 (1992).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Applicant, a Hungarian national, served a prison sentence during which he assaulted prison officers, other detainees and threatened judges. He served a six-month pre-detention period in a facility for mentally ill offenders where he remained until his conditional release. He claims that his rights pursuant to Article 5 of the European Convention of Human Rights …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Hunger strike, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Starvation, Torture
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