30 judgments found.

Yakye Axa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2005
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. v. Para., Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 125 (June 17, 2005).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Medicines, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The indigenous community of Yakye Axa, a traditional society of hunter-gatherers, was resettled as part of a development program in Paraguay started in 1979. They were displaced to lands with a natural environment and resources that were different from the Yakye Axa’s traditional territory and incompatible with their traditional means of subsistence.  They also faced …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Santosh Mittal v. State of Rajasthan

Country: India
Year: 2004
Court: High Court - Rajasthan
Citation: RLW 2005 (1) Raj 486; 2005 (1) WLC 52
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Health information, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The case concerned a claim that the sale of PepsiCo and Coca-Cola carbonated beverages should be banned on the account that they are contaminated with pesticide residue and suspended impurities and are therefore harmful to human life. The petitioners relied on the report published by the Centre for Science and Environment (“CSE”), which conducted an …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Cancer, Clean water, Disclosure, Food, Food poisoning, Food safety, Freedom of information, Pesticide, Poisoning, Potable water, Safe drinking water
Download Judgment: English

Suo Moto v. State of Rajasthan

Country: India
Year: 2004
Court: High Court - Rajasthan
Citation: AIR 2005 Raj 82; RLW 2005 (2) Raj 1437
Health Topics: Environmental health, Health information, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The case was regarding multiple suo moto orders issued by the Rajasthan High Court to the municipal authorities of the city of Jaipur to clean-up, restore and maintain the city which was plagued with trash, open sewage and polluted water bodies. Specific orders were issued to remove and dispose of the plastic and polyethylene bags …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Clean water, Cleanliness, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Health education, Health expenditures, Health promotion, Health spending, Low income, Pollution, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Yakye Axa Indigenous Community of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Para., Case 12.313, Inter-Am. Comm’n H.R., Report No. 2/02, OEA/Ser.L./V/II.117, doc. 1 rev. 1 (2003).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

This case was heard by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Their opinion is available here. Leaders of the Yakye Axa indigenous community of the Enxet-Lengua people filed suit against the Republic of Paraguay claiming that the Paraguayan State violated Articles 4 (right to life) and 25 (judicial protection), in conjunction with Article 1(1) (obligation …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

The Social and Economic Rights Action Center, et al. v. Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2001
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 155/96 (2001).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The applicant alleged that the military government of Nigeria (Government), in its efforts to produce oil through the State-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC), contaminated the environment of the Ogoni People and led to environmental degradation and health problems among that community. More specifically, the applicant claimed that the NNPC, acting within a consortium with …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cancer, Clean water, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food shortages, Forced displacement, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Military, Pollution, Potable water, Pulmonary diseases, Refugees, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Skin disease, Toxic waste, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

A.P. Pollution Control Board II v. Prof. M.V. Nayudu and Ors

Country: India
Year: 2000
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Appeal (civil) 368-371 of 1999
Health Topics: Environmental health, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Respondent industry sought to establish a new factory in the State of Andhra Pradesh to produce vegetable oils. The industry purchased land in Peddashpur village, within 10KM of two reservoirs that provided drinking water for 5 million people. In 1988, the Ministry of Forests and Environment established a “red” list of hazardous industries, including industry …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Industrial waste, Pollution, Potable water, Precautionary principle, Safe drinking water, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Menores Comunidad Paynemil s/ Acción de amparo

Country: Argentina
Year: 1997
Court: Civil Court of Appeals of Neuquén [Cámara de Apelaciones en lo Civil de la Provincia de Nuequén]
Citation: Case File No. 311-CA-1997
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The public defender brought a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) to protect the health of children in the indigenous community of Paynemil whose drinking water supply had been contaminated with lead and mercury by an oil company’s operations. The State was alleged to have arbitrarily failed to protect the right to …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental hazards, Poisoning, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Suray Prasad Sharma Dhungel v. Godavari Marble Industries and Others

Country: Nepal
Year: 1995
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ No. 35 of the year 2049 B.S (1992)
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The Petitioner, Legal and Environmental Analysis for Development and Research Services (Pvt.) Ltd. (LEADERS Inc) was a company that conducted research on environmental issues and promoted conservation. One of the Respondents, Godavari Marble Industries, was engaged in marble masonry. The Petitioner contended that the activities of the Respondent, including blasting and mining, were causing severe …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Clean water, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Salt Miners v. Director, Industries and Mineral Development

Country: Pakistan
Year: 1994
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1994 SCMR 2061
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Residents and mineworkers of Khewra filed a petition under Article 184(3) of the Pakistani Constitution alleging that a lease had been improperly granted to a mining company within a reserved water catchment area, thus endangering the potability of the resident’s water supply which could be contaminated by poisonous water seeping from the mine. A government-constituted …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Contamination, Drinking water, Industrial waste, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Dowdell, et al. v. The City of Apopka, Florida et al.

Country: United States
Year: 1983
Court: United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
Citation: 698 F.2d 1181 (1983)
Health Topics: Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

A group of African-American residents filed a class action lawsuit in Federal District Court against the City of Apopka, Florida (the “City”), which alleged that the City had violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the State and Local Assistance Act of 1972 …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage
Download Judgment: English