137 judgments found.

Kingaipe and Chookole v. Attorney General

Country: Zambia
Year: 2010
Court: High Court at Livingstone
Citation: 2009/HL/86
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Petitioners Stanley Kingaipe and Charles Chookole sued the Zambian Air Force (ZAF) alleging violations of their constitutional rights to liberty, privacy, life, protection from inhuman and degrading treatment, and protection from discrimination. They also alleged violations of their rights to adequate medical and health facilities and adequate educational opportunities contained in the Directive Principles of …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Examination, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Most-at-risk, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Kozhokar v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2010
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 33099/08, ECHR 2010
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

This case is about the conditions of the applicant’s detention and the sufficiency of his medical care while he was detained in remand centre no. IZ-71/1 and correctional colony no. 7 in the Tula region of the Russian Federation. On 18 October 2006, the applicant, a Russian national, was arrested for drug trafficking. He was …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Clinics, Compensation, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Diet, Duty of care, Essential medicines, Examination, Food, Health facilities, Hepatitis PLHIV, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Inadequate treatment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Liver disease, Malnutrition, People living with HIV/AIDS, Prison conditions, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing, Torture, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Oyal v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2010
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 4864/05, Eur. Ct. H.R. (unpublished) (2010).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The primary applicant, the child of the second two applicants, was born prematurely and diagnosed with an “inguinal and umbilical hernia.” The child required a number of blood and plasma transfusions during the first two months of life, and the applicant parents purchased the required blood and plasma quantities from the Turkish Red Cross. Four …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Blood transfusion, Children, Compensation, Damages, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Indigent, Low income, Minor, Most-at-risk, Negligence, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Remedies, Standard of care, Subsidies, Testing, Tort, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Biriuk v. Lithuania

Country: Lithuania
Year: 2009
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23373/03
Facts:

The largest Lithuanian daily in an article titled “Pasvalys villages paralysed by the fear of death: residents of the remote Lithuanian area shackled by the AIDS threat” stated about Ms. Biriuk that she was notoriously promiscuous and that she had HIV. They also stated that she came to be infected with HIV by drug users. …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Testing
Download Judgment: English Lithuanian

J.S.C.H., et al. v. Mexico

Country: Mexico
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 02/09, Petitions 302-04 and 386-04, February 4, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged Mexico failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to equal protection of the law and the right to humane treatment. J.S.C.H. and M.G.S. were discharged from the Mexican Army because of their HIV …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Compulsory testing, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, First-line treatment, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Medical records, Military, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Jorge Odir Miranda Cortez v. El Salvador

Country: El Salvador
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 27/09, Case 12.249, March 20, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to work
Facts:

This report addresses allegations that El Salvador failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to health and the right life. Petitioner, Jorge Odir Miranda Cortez, filed a petition on behalf of himself and 26 other people living with HIV against the State of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diagnostics, Examination, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Inhuman treatment, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Torture, Transmission
Download Judgment: English Spanish

S v. Procureur Général

Country: Switzerland
Year: 2009
Court: Court of Justice, Penal Division [Cour de Justice, Chambre pénale]
Citation: Switzerland
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Petitioner, S, was a man living with HIV. He was aware that he was HIV-positive since 1998 and had been undergoing treatment since then. In 2006, he began combination antiretroviral therapy. The Petitioner’s viral load had been undetectable since 2008 and he was not suffering from any other infections. The Petitioner’s doctors had assured …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Condoms, Contraceptives, Health care professionals, Health care workers, HIV, HIV positive, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Public hospitals, Sexual assault, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

TGGL v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 89/09, Petition 663-06, August 7, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged Ecuador failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to life, the right to humane treatment, and rights of the child. The basis of the claim was that three years old TGGL became infected …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Blood transfusion, Child development, Children, HIV, HIV positive, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Aleksanyan v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 46468/06; [2009] ECHR 1226
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

A, a Russian national, was a former practicing member of the Moscow bar. On 29 March 2006 a Moscow district court authorized the criminal prosecution of A in connection with his alleged participation in the embezzlement of property and shares of several oil companies in the late 1990s. On 5 April 2006 Russian authorities searched …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Blind, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Andrea Mortlock v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2008
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 63/08, Case 12.534
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged the United States failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration). Petitioners included the Legal Aid Society and the International Human Rights Clinic at Washington College of Law. Petitioners alleged the United States violated the …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cocaine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Emergency care, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Immigration, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Marijuana, Migrants, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Substance abuse, Torture
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