137 judgments found.

R. v. Felix

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2013 ONCA 415
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

As a result of his alleged non-disclosure of his HIV-positive status to 3 complainants prior to engaging in sexual relations, the appellant (defendant), Lester Felix, was convicted of five counts of aggravated sexual assault and one count of sexual assault. Felix appealed all convictions. There was no evidence of the appellant’s level of risk of …Read more

Tags: Assault, Condoms, Contraception, Contraceptives, Disclosure, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Salakhov and Islyamova v. Ukraine

Country: Ukraine
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28005/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The first applicant is Mr. Linar Irekovich Salakhov, who alleged that he had not received prompt and adequate medical care while in detention. Following his death, his mother Ms. Aliya Fazylovna Islyamova pursued the application on his behalf and joined her own complaints to the case. In 2005, Salakhov first tested positive for HIV, though …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Medical records, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, People living with HIV/AIDS, Police, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Georgina Ahamefule v. Imperial Medical Centre

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Lagos State
Citation: Suit No. ID/16272000
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health
Facts:

The Plaintiff was a nurse at a medical centre. Defendants were the medical centre and a doctor at the centre. While employed at the medical centre, the Plaintiff became pregnant and developed a skin disorder. She sought medical attention and the Defendant doctor performed several diagnostic tests. Neither the nature nor the outcome of the tests …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Compensation, Compulsory testing, Damages, Duty of care, Employment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Miscarriage, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Standard of care, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Joyce Nawila Chiti v. Zambia

Country: Zambia
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication no. 1303/2004
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

On 28 October 1997, JC (a military officer) was arrested by Zambian police for an attempted coup d’état. He was severely tortured and charged with treason. While being tortured, he was forced to sign false confessions and to implicate other military officials. Because of the torture, he was hospitalized at various times. On 31 October …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cancer, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Execution, Forced disappearance, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Malnutrition, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Police, Prison conditions, Refugees, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Koryak v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application number 24677/10
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant was arrested and convicted of murder. The applicant alleged that he had not received proper medical attention while in detention and his detention and refusal to release despite his serious medical condition amounted to cruel treatment. He was sentenced to ten years of imprisonment in 2004. The applicant had been suffering from Tuberculosis …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health facilities, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Lung disease, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Prison conditions, TB, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Ochieng v. Attorney General

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya (Nairobi)
Citation: Petition No. 409 of 2009
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners were Kenyan citizens living with HIV/AIDS. They petitioned seeking a declaration that the fundamental rights of life, human dignity and health as protected and envisaged by the Constitution, encompassed access to affordable and essential drugs and medicines, including generic HIV/AIDS drugs. The petitioners also sought a declaration that the Anti-Counterfeit Act, 2008 and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, AIDS, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Patents, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Patricia Asero Ochieng, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 409 of 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioners were citizens of Kenya living with HIV. They claimed that provisions of the Anti-Counterfeiting Act, 2008 (the Act) severely restricted access to affordable, essential medicines, including generic medicines for HIV-related diseases, in violation of their fundamental rights to life, dignity and health protected under articles 26(1), 28 and 43 of the Constitution of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Drug quality, Drug safety, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Minor, Patents, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Poor, Pricing, Spurious medicines, Transmission, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Petition No. 409 of 2009

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Petitioners were indigent Kenyan citizens that were infected with HIV/AIDS. Petitioners depended on antiretroviral drugs for treatment of their condition; and, because of their poverty, relied on a program administered by the Kenyan government and an NGO for the provision of these drugs at little or no cost. This program could afford to operate as …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, AIDS, Generic drugs, Health spending, HIV, People living with HIV/AIDS
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R. v. Mabior

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2012 SCC 47; 2010 MBCA 93
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Respondent was charged with nine counts of aggravated sexual assault for not disclosing his HIV-positive status to nine Complainants before engaging in sexual intercourse with them. None of the Complainants tested positive for HIV. At trial, the Respondent was convicted on six counts and acquitted on three. He was acquitted on the basis of …Read more

Tags: Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Contraception, Contraceptives, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual assault, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

R.C. v. Minister of Health & Children

Country: Ireland
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Ireland
Citation: 2012 [IEHC] 204
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

This case was about whether a woman who contracted HIV infection from her partner qualified for compensation under Section 4(1)(g) of the Hepatitis C Compensation Act 1997 (the “Act”) as a spouse. R.C. was a 26-year-old woman, who had been diagnosed positive for HIV, and A.F. was her partner who had been compensated by the …Read more

Tags: Health funding, HIV, HIV positive, People living with HIV/AIDS, Sexually transmitted diseases, Transmission
Download Judgment: English
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