29 judgments found.

Malawi African Association, et al. v. Mauritania

Country: Mauritania
Year: 2000
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2000) AHRLR 149 (ACHPR 2000); Communications 54/91, 61/91, 98/93, 164-196/97 and 210/98
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Six communications jointly alleged that the Mauritanian state committed numerous human rights violations from 1986 to 1992. Specifically, the communications alleged that the State violated articles 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, and 26 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (“the Charter”), which came into …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Military, Prison conditions, Rape, Refugees, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Advocate Prakash Mani Sharma v. Government of Nepal and Others

Country: Nepal
Year: 1999
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ No.064 WO 0230
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Under Article 20(2) of the Interim Constitution 2063 in Nepal, every woman in Nepal had the fundamental right to reproductive health. However, there were no effective health services addressing the issue of uterine prolapse, a serious ailment affecting nearly 600,000 women in Nepal. The Petitioners, among others, Pro-Public, an organization working in the area of …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Diet, Family planning, Food, Health care workers, Health education, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health promotion, Health spending, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Miscarriage, Pediatric health, Poor, Pregnancy, Primary care, Termination of pregnancy, Underprivileged, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

S.K. Garg v. State of Uttar Pradesh and Others

Country: India
Year: 1998
Court: High Court - Allahabad
Citation: 1999 (1) AWC 847
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The Petitioner, S.K. Garg, filed a writ petition in the Allahabad High Court under Article 226 of the Constitution of India (original writ jurisdiction of High Courts). The petition brought to the Court’s attention the appalling and unhygienic condition of Government hospitals in the city of Allahabad. It was alleged that indigent patients had been …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Diet, Essential medicines, Indigent, Malaria, Malnutrition, Pharmaceuticals, Poor, Public hospitals, Sewage, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India and Others

Country: India
Year: 1997
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (1997) 10 SCC 549
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Occupational health, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to education, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Carpet industries in Uttar Pradesh employed children, under the age of 14, where they were “being treated as slaves” and were “subjected to physical torture.” This writ petition was filed in the Supreme Court under Article 32 as a public interest matter. The Court immediately commissioned a report to determine whether children under the age …Read more

Tags: Child development, Child labor, Children, Diet, Indigent, Informal economy, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Occupational health and safety, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Case T-411-1994

Country: Colombia
Year: 1994
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitucional]
Citation: No. T-411-1994
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A 10-month-old baby girl was diagnosed with lobar pneumonia, malnourishment, and dehydration. A doctor advised her parents to seek immediate medical attention considering her critical health state was putting her life at risk. The parents were evangelical Christians whose sect did not allow them to take the baby to the hospital for treatment. The Caldono …Read more

Tags: Child mortality, Children, Dehydration, Hunger, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Minor, Pediatric health, Starvation
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M’Boissona (on behalf of Bozize) v. Central African Republic

Country: Central African Republic
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication 428/1990, UN Doc. CCPR/C/50/D/428/1990
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

In a communication submitted to the United Nations Humans Right Committee (“UNHRC”), Yvonne M’Boissona asserted that her brother, François Bozize, led a coup d’état in the Central African Republic in 1982. After fleeing the country, he was arrested in July 1989 in Benin, repatriated to the Central African Republic by force, and imprisoned at a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Assault, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Food, Food safety, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Malnutrition, Military, Militias, Prison conditions, Refugee, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Rakesh Chandra Narayan v. State of Bihar and Others

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1989 AIR 348; 1988 SCR Supl. (3) 306; 1989 SCC Supl. (1) 644; JT 1988 (4) 233; 1988 SCALE (2) 965
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines, Mental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Facts:

In 1985 the Petitioners wrote a letter to the Court regarding the deteriorating state of the Ranchi Mansik Arogyashala, a mental hospital (the Hospital) in Bihar. The Court treated it as a public interest litigation under Article 32 of the Constitution. The Court directed the Chief Judicial Magistrate to visit the Hospital and submit a …Read more

Tags: Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Malnutrition, Mental illness, Mental institution, Pharmaceuticals, Public hospitals, Sewage, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Vikram v. State of Bihar

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1988 AIR 1782; 1988 SCR Supl. (1) 755;1988 SCC Supl. 734; JT 1988 (3) 186; 1988 SCALE (2) 325
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Mental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This writ petition had been filed in the Supreme Court under Article 32 of the Constitution (right to move the Supreme Court for violation of fundamental rights), as a result of a letter outlining the condition of women in a “care home.” It was alleged in the letter that female inmates were made to live …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Diet, Health facilities, Malnutrition, Mental disability, Mental illness, Mental institution, Primary care, Sewage
Download Judgment: English

Chief Bernard Ominayak, et al. v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1984
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 167/1984: U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/38/D/167/1984 (1990)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Chief Bernard Ominayak (the “author”) was the leader and representative of the Lubicon Lake Band (the “Band”), a Cree Indian Band living in the Province of Alberta in Canada. He argued that the State party expropriated Lubicon land for commercial interest despite its recognition that the Band members had the right to continue their traditional …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Childbirth, Clean water, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Environmental degradation, Food, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Miscarriage, Substance abuse, TB, Tuberculosis, Waste, Waste management
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