43 judgments found.

Bulankulama and six others v. The Secretary, Ministry of Industrial Development and seven others

Country: Sri Lanka
Year: 2000
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: SC Application No 884/99 (FR), unreported
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to development, Right to work, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The respondents entered into a draft agreement with a leading US mining company for the exploration of phosphate deposits in Eppawela, an agriculturally developed area of great historical importance and archaeological value. The proposed area of exploration was described as land ‘initially covering 56 square kilometers’. The petitioners, residents of Eppawela, started proceedings in the …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Forced displacement, Industrial waste, Malaria, Pollution
Download Judgment: English

Kemai & 9 Others v. Attorney General of Kenya & 3 Others

Country: Kenya
Year: 2000
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Civil Case 238 of 1999; (2005) AHRLR 118 (KeHC 2000)
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work
Facts:

This case was brought to the Court by members of the Ogiek community who sought a declaration that their forcible eviction from the Tinet Forest by the Kenyan government was unconstitutional. The applicants claimed that the eviction was in contravention of their rights to protection of the law, their right to life, their right to …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Food, Forced displacement, Indigenous groups, Pollution, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Ontario v. Canadian Pacific Ltd.

Country: Canada
Year: 1995
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1995] 2 R.C.S. 1031
Health Topics: Environmental health
Facts:

A railway company conducted two controlled burns to clear its railway right of way of dry grass and weeds but the consequent discharge of thick smoke adversely affected the health, property and activities of nearby residents. The company was charged with unlawfully discharging or permitting the discharge of a contaminant (smoke) into the natural environment …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Environmental degradation, Pollution
Download Judgment: English French

Suray Prasad Sharma Dhungel v. Godavari Marble Industries and Others

Country: Nepal
Year: 1995
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ No. 35 of the year 2049 B.S (1992)
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The Petitioner, Legal and Environmental Analysis for Development and Research Services (Pvt.) Ltd. (LEADERS Inc) was a company that conducted research on environmental issues and promoted conservation. One of the Respondents, Godavari Marble Industries, was engaged in marble masonry. The Petitioner contended that the activities of the Respondent, including blasting and mining, were causing severe …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Clean water, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Case 28/1994 (V.20)

Country: Hungary
Year: 1994
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The petitioner claimed that that s. 13(7)(4) of Act II of 1993 on Land Reallocation and Land Distribution Committees (the “Land Reallocation Act”) violated Article 18 of the Constitution of Hungary (the “Constitution”) and requested that the Constitutional Court declare an annulment of the provision. The Land Reallocation Act repealed s. 19 of Act II …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Precautionary principle
Download Judgment: English

In re: Human Rights Case (Environmental Pollution in Balochistan)

Country: Pakistan
Year: 1994
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: PLD 1994 SC 102
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Supreme Court of Pakistan took suo moto cognizance of a news report in the English daily “Dawn” titled “N-Waste to be dumped in Balochistan?” The article stated that coastal areas in the Balochistan region were being acquired for the purposes of dumping nuclear and industrial waste. The Court had earlier directed the Chief Secretary …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Industrial waste, Nuclear radiation, Pollution, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English

Laguna Lake Development Authority v. Court of Appeals and Ors.

Country: Philippines
Year: 1994
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: G.R. No. 110120
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health
Facts:

The City Government of Caloocan disposed of approximately 350 tons of garbage daily in Tala Estate, Barangay Camarin against the wishes of local residents, who were concerned about the environmental and health impact of the dumpsite. In March 1991, the Task Force Camarin Dumpsite of Our Lady of Lourdes Parish filed a complaint with the …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Subhash Kumar v. State of Bihar and others

Country: India
Year: 1991
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: A.I.R. 1991 S.C. 420 (India).
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner, an influential businessman, filed a public interest litigation claim against two iron and steel companies, which the petitioner claimed had created health risks by dumping surplus waste from factory washeries in the form of sludge and slurry into the nearby Bokaro river. According to the petitioner, the sludge and slurry had been deposited …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial hygiene, Industrial waste, Toxic waste, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Technology Developers v. Court of Appeals, et al.

Country: Philippines
Year: 1991
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: G.R. No. 94759
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

Technology Developers, the Petitioner, was a private corporation engaged in the manufacture and export of charcoal briquettes. The mayor of Bulacan, a nearby town, sent a letter to Technology Developers, expressing concern over the pollution emitted by the Petitioner in the form of fumes that “not only pollute the air in the locality but also …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Pollution
Download Judgment: English

M.C. Mehta v. Union of India (Kanpur Tanneries)

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1988 AIR 1115; 1988 SCR (2) 530; 1988 SCC (1) 471; JT 1988 (1) 69
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Due to discharge of untreated effluents in the Ganga river, the water of the river was rendered unsafe for drinking, fishing and bathing purposes, essentially creating a public nuisance. In M.C. Mehta v. Union of India & ors., ((1987) 4 S.C.C. 463), the Court had held the city municipality, Kanpur Nagar Mahapalika (Mahapalika), responsible for …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Cleanliness, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Malaria, Pollution, Sewage, Typhoid, Waste management
Download Judgment: English