43 judgments found.

M.C. Mehta v. Union of India and Ors (Oleum Gas Case 3)

Country: India
Year: 1986
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1987 AIR 1086; 1987 SCR (1) 819; 1987 SCC (1) 395; JT 1987 (1) 1; 1986 SCALE (2) 1188
Health Topics: Environmental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Shriram Foods and Fertiliser Plant, Delhi (Shriram) was situated amidst a population of 200,000 people. It manufactured items such as glycerin soap, and technical hard oil. The petitioner, M.C. Mehta, filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court to obtain an order for closure of the plant and its relocation to an area where it …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Pollution, Poor, Toxic waste, Underprivileged, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Chief Bernard Ominayak, et al. v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1984
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 167/1984: U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/38/D/167/1984 (1990)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Chief Bernard Ominayak (the “author”) was the leader and representative of the Lubicon Lake Band (the “Band”), a Cree Indian Band living in the Province of Alberta in Canada. He argued that the State party expropriated Lubicon land for commercial interest despite its recognition that the Band members had the right to continue their traditional …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Childbirth, Clean water, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Environmental degradation, Food, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Miscarriage, Substance abuse, TB, Tuberculosis, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Municipal Council, Ratlam v. Vardichan and Ors

Country: India
Year: 1980
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1980 AIR 1622; 1981 SCR (1) 97; 1980 SCC (4) 162
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Both the prosperous and poor people of New Road, Ratlam were victims of extremely inadequate basic public sanitation facilities, fluid discharge of a local alcohol plant and overflow of storm water to the street. This resulted in various types of septic fluids flowing openly and constantly in the street, and consequently the street’s sanitation was …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Cleanliness, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Malaria, Pollution, Poor, Sewage, Underprivileged, Waste management
Download Judgment: English