K.H. and Others v. Slovakia

Country: Slovakia
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 32881/04, 49 Eur. Ct. H.R. 34 (2009).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

The eight applicants were women of Roma ethnicity, who suspected that they had been sterilized during caesarian section deliveries at two different hospitals. The applicants obtained legal representation, who attempted to examine and obtain copies of their medical records. These requests were denied by the hospitals. The applicants then brought actions against the hospitals in …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Disclosure, Family planning, Fertility, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Freedom of information, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health data, Health records, Health regulation, Inappropriate treatment, Indigent, Infertility, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Low income, Mandatory sterilization, Maternal health, Medical records, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Poor, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Secrecy, Sterilization, Tort, Unauthorized treatment, Underprivileged
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Kracke v. Mental Health Review Board & Anor (No. 2) (General)

Country: Australia
Year: 2009
Court: Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal
Citation: [2009] VCAT 1548
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioner, Kracke, was mentally ill and was being subjected to medical treatment without his consent. He was required to take drugs with adverse side effects and had been trying unsuccessfully to convince the medical authorities to let him stop taking them. The drugs were being administered under treatment orders issued pursuant to the Mental …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory treatment, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice
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Suchita Srivastava v. Chandigarh Administration

Country: India
Year: 2009
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (2009) 14 SCR 989
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The matter pertained to a 19-20 year old, “mentally retarded”, woman (the victim) whose mental capacity was that of a nine year old. She was living in a welfare institution (the Institution) established by the Chandigarh Administration, having previously lived in a government institute for mentally retarded children. She became pregnant while living in the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Forced abortion, Mental retardation, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Rape
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I.V. v. Bolivia (Admissibility)

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2008
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 40/08, Petition 270-07, July 23, 2008; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.134, Doc. 5, rev. 1, 25 February 2009
Health Topics: Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

In 2000, the Ombudsman of Bolivia, on behalf of the victim, lodged a petition to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights alleging that victim was submitted to a surgical procedure of ligature of the fallopian tubes in a public hospital without her informed consent and this was therefore an involuntary sterilization. The Ombudsman further alleged …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Childbirth, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Infertility, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
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Shtukaturov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 44009/05, Eur. Ct. H.R. (2008).
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, Mr. Shtukaturov, was born in 1982 and first began showing signs of mental illness in 2002. In August 2002, he was held for approximately 8 months in a psychiatric hospital, receiving a diagnosis of simple schizophrenia. On August 3, 2004, Shtukaturov’s mother petitioned the Vasileostrovskiy District Court of St. Petersburg, claiming that her …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Cruel treatment, Depression, Forced examination, Incapacity, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory examination, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Schizophrenia, Unauthorized treatment
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E.B. v. X

Country: Italy
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court of Cassation
Citation: Case No. 21748/2007 of 16 October 2007
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

E.E., an adult, was in a car accident in 1992. As a result of this accident, she entered into an irreversible vegetative coma. E.E. was not clinically dead, defined as the “irreversible  cessation  of  all  encephalon  functions,” but was clinically in a permanent vegetative state (PVS). She was kept alive through force-feeding by means of …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Disabled, Duty of care, Food, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Starvation, Unauthorized treatment
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Jalloh v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2006
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 54810/00, 44 Eur. H.R. Rep. 32 (2007).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Jalloh brought an action before the European Court of Human Rights (the Court), arguing that the administration of emetics by force by German officials had constituted a serious interference with his physical integrity and posed a serious threat to his health and life. Jalloh was a suspected drug dealer who was arrested by the police …Read more

Tags: Cocaine, Compulsory treatment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drug enforcement, Forced treatment, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Morphine, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Torture
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Case 248357

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°248357, 26 September 2005
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

In 2002, the ASSOCIATION AGAINST HANDIPHOBIA brought this challenge to Article L. 2123-2 of the Public Health Code, which allows for a guardian judge to impose contraception, sterilization and pregnancy termination on people with mental disabilities after rigorous review. The Association claimed the law was unconstitutional, a violation of the Declaration of the Rights of …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Contraception, Forced abortion, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Judicial bypass, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental retardation, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Parental consent, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Termination of pregnancy
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R (on the application of H) v. Secretary of State for Health

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2005
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [2005] UKHL 60
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

H challenged the provision of the Mental Health Act 1983 under which she was detained as incompatible with her right to liberty and security under Human Rights Act 1998. H was a 32-year old woman who was severely disabled by Down’s syndrome. H’s mother intensely distrusted health and social services, and refused on many occasions …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Detention, Incompetence, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Psychology, Unauthorized treatment
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Storck v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2005
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Storck v. F.R.G., App. No. 61603/00, 43 Eur. H.R. Rep. 96 (2005).
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant, a German national, alleged violations under Article 5 (right to liberty and security of person), Article 6 § 1 (right to a fair hearing) and Article 8 (right to respect for his private and family life) of the European Convention on Human Rights concerning her involuntary placement and medical treatment in a private clinic …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Damages, Disabled, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory testing, Mandatory treatment, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Schizophrenia
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