122 judgments found.

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 1)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: (CCT9/02) [2002] ZACC 16; 2002 (5) SA 703; 2002 (10) BCLR 1075 (5 July 2002)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The Constitutional Court was asked to determine whether the appellant (Government) was required to give effect, pending an appeal, to an order of the High Court which directed it to make the drug nevirapine available to mothers and their newborn babies in public health facilities under certain circumstances and conditions. The order concerned the programme …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 2)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2002] ZACC 15; 2002 (5) SA 721; 2002 (10) BCLR 1033
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The government of South Africa developed a national public health program to address mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The purpose of the program was to offer HIV-positive pregnant women nevirapine, a drug that prevents the transmission of HIV at birth, free of charge. The program was, however, limited in scope. It only offered nevirapine at certain …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Case SU-1167/01

Country: Colombia
Year: 2001
Court: Constitutional Court
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

Doris Fabiola Reinoso Barroso was the daughter of Esteban Reinoso (the Plaintiff) a Colombian Petroleum Company (the Respondent) pensioner, who enjoyed medical assistance services covered by the Respondent. Although she was an adult, Ms. Barroso was listed as a beneficiary of the Plaintiff on these medical assistance services, as her paranoid schizophrenia meant that she …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Health insurance, Incapacity, Incompetence, Maternal health, Mental competence, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Paranoia, Pregnancy, Schizophrenia, Social security
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Ferguson v. City of Charleston

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 532 U.S. 67 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners were former patients who received obstetrical care at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), a public hospital in the city of Charleston, and who were arrested after testing positive for cocaine. In 1988, concerns arose among MUSC staff about an apparent increase in the use of cocaine by patients who were receiving prenatal …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cocaine, Compulsory testing, Crack cocaine, Drug abuse, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Treatment Action Campaign v. Minister of Health (No. 1)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2001
Court: High Court - Transvaal Provincial Division
Citation: 2002(4) BCLR 356 (T)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Applicants sought an order that the respondents (the Minister of Health and the members of the executive council for health) make Nevirapine available to pregnant women with HIV who give birth in public health institutions and “produce and implement an effective national program to prevent or reduce mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, including …Read more

Tags: Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Counseling, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Minor, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Case 310-2000-R

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2000
Court: Tribunal Constitucional de Bolivia [Constitutional Tribunal of Bolivia]
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

Gloria Máxima Ortiz Rivera, an employee at the Municipality of Sucre, received memorandum No. 95/00 on February 22, 2000, which she claimed put her in the fifth bracket of the payroll and constituted a demotion and an indirect dismissal. Rivera asserted that upon reaching her 32nd week of pregnancy she was prevented from accepting the …Read more

Tags: Employment, Maternal health, Pregnancy
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Stenberg v. Carhart

Country: United States
Year: 2000
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 530 U.S. 924 (2000)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Carhart, a physician who performed abortions, brought suit challenging the constitutional validity of a Nebraska statute which prohibited non-lifesaving “partial birth abortions.” The statute defined this procedure as “deliberately and intentionally delivering into the vagina a living unborn child, or a substantial portion thereof, for the purpose of performing a procedure that the person performing …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion technique, Access to treatment, Criminalization, Duty of care, Family planning, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Negligence, Partial birth abortion, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Advocate Prakash Mani Sharma v. Government of Nepal and Others

Country: Nepal
Year: 1999
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ No.064 WO 0230
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Under Article 20(2) of the Interim Constitution 2063 in Nepal, every woman in Nepal had the fundamental right to reproductive health. However, there were no effective health services addressing the issue of uterine prolapse, a serious ailment affecting nearly 600,000 women in Nepal. The Petitioners, among others, Pro-Public, an organization working in the area of …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Diet, Family planning, Food, Health care workers, Health education, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health promotion, Health spending, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Miscarriage, Pediatric health, Poor, Pregnancy, Primary care, Termination of pregnancy, Underprivileged, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Case 48/1998 (XI. 23.)

Country: Hungary
Year: 1998
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Decision 48/1998 (XI. 23.) AB
Health Topics: Health information, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case concerned the impact of Hungary’s constitutional guarantee of the right to life on its parliament’s ability to pass abortion laws. Petitioners submitted that Hungary’s Act LXXIX/1992 on the Protection of Foetal Life (“the Act”), regarding permissible abortion, was unconstitutional. The Act allowed a pregnant woman to have an abortion if she was “in …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Birth control, Criminalization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Notification, Pregnancy, Rape, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

R (on application of S) v. Louize Collins and Ors.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1998
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1998] EWCH Admin 490
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

A 36 weeks-pregnant woman, referred to as “MS”, sought care as a new patient at a local National Health Service (NHS) practice on 25th April 1996. She previously had not sought any ante-natal care. She was quickly diagnosed with pre-eclampsia, a condition threatening the life and health of both her and her baby. She rejected …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Childbirth, Compulsory treatment, Depression, Diagnostics, Eclampsia, Emergency care, Examination, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Mental competence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English