122 judgments found.

Hodgson v. Minnesota

Country: United States
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 497 U.S. 417 (1990)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellants brought this case challenging an amendment to the Minors’ Consent to Health Services Act (the Act) on the basis that it violated the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. Subdivision 2 of the Act provided, with certain exceptions, that no abortion shall be performed on a …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health

Country: United States
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 497 U.S. 450 (1990)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Respondents, including a facility that provides abortions, a physician who performs abortions, and a minor woman who sought an abortion, brought suit challenging the constitutional validity of Ohio’s Amended Substitute House Bill 319, which made it a criminal offence, except in four specified circumstances, for a physician or other person to perform an abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Brooks v. Canada Safeway Ltd.

Country: Canada
Year: 1989
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1989] 1 S.C.R. 1219
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to social security
Facts:

Canada Safeway Ltd. maintained a group insurance plan that included weekly benefits for loss of pay due to accident or illness. The plan excluded pregnant women from coverage during a seventeen week period before, during, and after pregnancy. During that period, the plan excluded pregnant women suffering from both pregnancy and non-pregnancy-related afflictions. For part …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Employment, Health insurance, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Social security
Download Judgment: English French

Webster v. Reproductive Health Services

Country: United States
Year: 1989
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 492 U.S. 490 (1989)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Reproductive Health Services (RHS), a non-profit organization, brought this class action suit challenging the constitutionality of a Missouri law (the Act) regulating the performance of abortions. The Act did the following: Set forth, in the preamble, that the “life of each human being begins at conception,” and that “unborn children have protectable interests in life, …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Children, Criminalization, Examination, Family planning, Infant health, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Morgentaler

Country: Canada
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1988] 1 S.C.R. 30
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Section 251(4) of the Criminal Code of Canada (the Code) permitted abortions to be performed only at accredited hospitals and then with approval from the performing hospital’s therapeutic abortion committee. Drs. Morgentaler, Smoling, and Scott had together established an abortion clinic in Toronto to perform abortions not approved by a therapeutic abortion committee.  Following public …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Clinics, Criminalization, Health insurance, Health regulation, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
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Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Country: United States
Year: 1986
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 476 U.S. 747 (1986)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Respondents, including Pennsylvania physicians, abortion counselors and providers, brought this challenge to provisions of Pennsylvania’s Abortion Control Act 1982 (the Act). The Act imposed the following conditions on the provision of abortion services in Pennsylvania: 1.     The informed consent provision (§ 3205) required women to be informed of: The name of the physician performing the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion technique, Access to treatment, Children, Criminalization, Duty of care, Family planning, Infant health, Informed choice, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Negligence, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Tellier-Cohen v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1982
Court: Human Rights Review Tribunal
Citation: 1982 7 (CHRT)
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to health
Facts:

Tellier-Cohen was employed by the Government of Canada and was not permitted to use her sick leave or annual leave for her absence from work due to her pregnancy and childbirth. She filed a complaint in the Human Rights Tribunal challenging the action of the government on the basis of sex discrimination under sections 7(b) …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Employment, Maternal health, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

H.L. v. Matheson

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 450 U.S. 398 (1981)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, H.L., brought this class action suit challenging a Utah law which required a physician to notify, if possible, the parents or guardian of a minor upon whom an abortion was to be performed. H.L. represented a class consisting of unmarried minor women who wished to terminate their “unwanted pregnancies” but were unable to …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Simopoulos v. Virginia

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 462 U.S. 506 (1983)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, an obstetrician gynaecologist, brought suit challenging the constitutionality of a Virginia statute, which required second-trimester abortions to be performed in a licensed hospital. The Appellant instituted these proceedings after he was indicted for unlawfully performing an abortion during the second trimester of a pregnancy outside of a licensed hospital. The Appellant performed an …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Clinics, Criminalization, Family planning, Health facilities, Informed choice, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

White and Potter (Baby Boy) v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Resolution 23/81, Case 2141, March 6, 1981; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.54, Doc. 9 rev. 1, 16 October 1981
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The President of the Catholics for Christian Political Action and another filed a claim against the United States and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts claiming they failed to fulfill their obligations under the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration) and American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention) (the United States has …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Criminalization, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
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