122 judgments found.

St. George’s Healthcare NHS Trust v. S

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1998
Court: Court of Appeal
Citation: [1998] 3 All ER 673, (1998) 2 CHRLD 323
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

S, who was 36 weeks pregnant, was diagnosed with severe pre-eclampsia, a life-threatening condition of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, and with moderate depression. She was advised that her health and her life, and that of her baby, were in real danger and that she needed to be admitted immediately to hospital for an induced …Read more

Tags: Caesarian, Childbirth, Compulsory treatment, Depression, Eclampsia, Forced treatment, Health facilities, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Maternal health, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

In re MB (medical treatment)

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1997
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1997] EWCA Civ 3093
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

A health authority applied for a High Court declaration that it would be lawful to undertake an emergency caesarean operation on MB whose foetus was found to be in the breech position after MB agreed to have the operation theoretically but refused in practice due to her fear of needles. The declaration was granted, and …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Caesarean, Childbirth, Emergency care, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Maternal health, Mental competence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Winnipeg Child, et al. v. D.F.G.

Country: Canada
Year: 1997
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1997] 3 R.C.S.
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The respondent was five months pregnant with her fourth child and addicted to glue sniffing, which is known to be potentially damaging to the nervous system of a developing fetus. Two of her previous children were born permanently disabled as a result of her addiction and were permanent wards of the state. A judge of …Read more

Tags: Addiction, Compulsory treatment, Drug use, Forced treatment, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, People who use drugs, Pregnancy, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French

CES and Anr. v. Superclinics and Ors.

Country: Australia
Year: 1995
Court: Supreme Court of New South Wales
Citation: (1995) 38 NSWLR 47; (1995) Aust Torts Reports 81-360
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

CES (‘the first appellant’) sought damages from Superclinics (‘respondent’) for the loss of an opportunity to terminate her pregnancy. The first appellant, a 21-year-old woman, visited a doctor at Superclinics after she missed her period. She stated that if she were found to be pregnant, she would like the pregnancy terminated. The doctor did not …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Childbirth, Compensation, Counseling, Criminalization, Damages, Depression, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Examination, Family planning, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Pregnancy, Remedies, Termination of pregnancy, Testing, Therapeutic abortion, Tort
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Morgentaler

Country: Canada
Year: 1993
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1993] 2 S.C.R. 463
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Section 251(4) of the Criminal Code of Canada (the Code) permitted abortions to be performed only at accredited hospitals and then with approval from the performing hospital’s therapeutic abortion committee. Drs. Morgentaler, Smoling, and Scott had together established an abortion clinic in Toronto to perform abortions not approved by a therapeutic abortion committee.  Following public …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Clinics, Criminalization, Health insurance, Health regulation, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English French

Attorney General v. X

Country: Ireland
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1992] 1 IR 1 (5th March, 1992)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

The first defendant was a fourteen and a half year old girl who became pregnant after being raped by a family friend. Her parents (second and third defendants) reported the rape to the police and inquired whether there was a process available to test the paternity of the fetus before the defendants aborted the pregnancy …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Depression, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Molestation, Pediatric health, Pregnancy, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Suicide, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Open Door and Dublin Well Women v. Ireland

Country: Ireland
Year: 1992
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 14234/88 and 14235/88; (1993) 15 EHRR 244; [1992] ECHR 68; (1992) 246 Eur. Ct. H.R. (ser A)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicants were two Irish companies that provided counseling to pregnant women, Open Door Counselling Ltd. and Dublin Well Woman Centre Ltd.; two counselors who worked for Dublin Well Woman, Bonnie Maher and Ann Downes; and two women of childbearing age, Mrs. X and Mrs. Geraghty. The Society for the Protection of Unborn Children brought …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Advertising, Awareness, Childbirth, Criminalization, Family planning, Freedom of information, Health promotion, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Notification, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English French Russian

Planned Parenthood v. Casey

Country: United States
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 505 U.S. 833 (1992)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Planned Parenthood brought suit challenging the Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982 (the Act) in federal court on constitutional grounds. The Act included the following requirements for women seeking an abortion in Pennsylvania: A woman seeking an abortion must give her informed consent prior to the abortion procedure, and she must provide certain information at …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Parental consent, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Spousal notification, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls

Country: United States
Year: 1991
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 499 U.S. 187 (1991)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Occupational health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The Appellants, a class of current and future employees of the Respondent’s battery manufacturing company, Johnson Controls, brought suit claiming that the company’s policy of barring fertile women from employment for reasons based on occupational safety, constituted sex discrimination in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (the Act). The primary …Read more

Tags: Children, Employment, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Minor, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Pregnancy, Safe working conditions
Download Judgment: English

Rust v. Sullivan

Country: United States
Year: 1991
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 500 U.S. 173 (1991)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

In 1970, Congress enacted Title X of the Public Health Service Act (the Act), which provided federal funding for family planning services. Section 1008 of the Act prohibited the use of Title X federal funding “for programs where abortion [was] a method of family planning.” The Regulations to the Act (the Regulations), introduced by the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English