122 judgments found.

Harris v. McRae

Country: United States
Year: 1980
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 448 U.S. 297 (1980)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy, Right to social security
Facts:

The Respondent, McRae, a Medicaid recipient seeking an abortion, brought a class action suit challenging the constitutional validity of the ‘Hyde Amendment’, which prohibited federal reimbursement under the Medicaid system for some abortions which were medically necessary. As established by an amendment to Title XIX of the Social Security Act in 1965, the Medicaid system …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Bellotti v. Baird II

Country: United States
Year: 1979
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 443 U.S. 622 (1979)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellants challenged the constitutional validity of a Massachusetts law that required, in every instance, that the parents or guardian of a minor seeking an abortion be notified. The joined Appellants were an abortion clinic and a pregnant minor representing the class of unmarried minors in Massachusetts who had adequate capacity to give valid and …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Colautti v. Franklin

Country: United States
Year: 1979
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 439 U.S. 379 (1979)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Respondents, a licensed obstetrician and several non-profit organizations, brought suit claiming that § 5(a) of the Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1974 (the Act) was unconstitutionally vague. Section 5(a) of the Act required every person who performed or induced an abortion to have made a determination, based on “experience, judgment or professional competence,” that …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion technique, Access to treatment, Criminalization, Duty of care, Family planning, Informed choice, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Negligence, Partial birth abortion, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Beal v. Doe

Country: United States
Year: 1977
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 432 U.S. 438 (1977)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy, Right to social security
Facts:

Title XIX of the Social Security Act establishes the Medicaid program under which participating States may provide federally funded medical assistance to needy persons. Title XIX requires that state Medicaid plans establish “reasonable standards . . . for determining . . . the extent of medical assistance under the plan which . . . are …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Maher v. Roe

Country: United States
Year: 1977
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 432 U.S. 464 (1977)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy, Right to social security
Facts:

Petitioners challenged the constitutional validity of regulations contained in the Social Security Act (‘the Act’) of Connecticut which limited Medicaid benefits for first trimester abortions to those that are “medically necessary”. For a benefit to be paid, the regulations required the submission of a written request by the pregnant woman, a physician’s certificate of medical …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Poelker v. Doe

Country: United States
Year: 1977
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 432 U.S. 519 (1977)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to social security
Facts:

The Respondent brought a class action suit alleging constitutional rights violations after her request for a nontherapeutic abortion was refused by a public hospital in St. Louis.  Doe’s inability to obtain an abortion resulted from two factors, a personally motivated policy directive by the Mayor which prohibited the performance of abortions in the city hospitals …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Planned Parenthood v. Danforth

Country: United States
Year: 1976
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 428 U.S. 52 (1976)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners brought this action against the Attorney General of Missouri, seeking to enjoin enforcement of House Committee Substitute for House Bill No. 1211 (the Act), which attempted to regulate both the abortion procedure and the circumstances surrounding such procedures. Petitioners claimed the Act violated the right to privacy under the due process clause of the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Infant health, Informed choice, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Pregnancy, Spousal notification, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Bigelow v. Virginia

Country: United States
Year: 1975
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 421 U.S. 809 (1975)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression
Facts:

Appellant Bigelow was the managing editor of a newspaper. An edition of the paper, under which appellant had direct responsibility, contained an advertisement for abortion services summarized by the Court as follows: [T]he advertisement announced that the Women’s Pavilion of New York City would help women with unwanted pregnancies to obtain “immediate placement in accredited …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Advertising, Criminalization, Family planning, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Notification, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Roe v. Wade

Country: United States
Year: 1973
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 410 U.S. 113 (1973)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners brought this challenge to provisions of the Texas Penal Code, which prohibited anyone from procuring or attempting an abortion, except on “medical advice for the purpose of saving the life of the mother.” Petitioner Jane Roe was an unmarried, pregnant woman who sought to terminate her pregnancy by an abortion “performed by a competent, …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Criminalization, Family planning, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

R v. Davidson

Country: Australia
Year: 1969
Court: Supreme Court of Victoria
Citation: [1969] VR 667
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Davidson was a medical doctor who was charged of four counts of unlawfully using an instrument and one count of conspiring to use an instrument or other means with intent to procure the miscarriage of a woman.

Tags: Abortion, Childbirth, Criminalization, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Pregnancy, Rape, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English