122 judgments found.

Tysiąc v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2007
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 5410/03, 45 Eur. H.R. Rep. 42 (2007).
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant alleged a violation of Article 8 (right to respect for private and family life) of the Convention when she had been refused a therapeutic abortion considered legal under the Family Planning Act of Poland–when the pregnancy is thought to endanger the mother’s life, as was the case here. Applicant suffered from severe myopia and …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Childbirth, Criminalization, Damages, Degrading treatment, Disabled, Emergency care, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humiliating treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Maternal health, Negligence, Physically challenged, Pregnancy, Remedies, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Tort
Download Judgment: English French Polish

Byrzykowski v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2006
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 11562/05
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Applicant, a Polish national, claimed violations of Articles 2 (right to life) and 6 (timely investigation) of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) when he was unable to convince authorities to investigate potential mistreatment of his wife, who fell into a coma and died during labor after receiving an epidural. Following the wife’s death, …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Childbirth, Compensation, Damages, Duty of care, Emergency care, Health regulation, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Negligence, Pregnancy, Primary care, Remedies, Standard of care, Tort
Download Judgment: English Polish

Case C-355/06

Country: Colombia
Year: 2006
Court: Corte Constitucional [Constitutional Court]
Citation: Sentencia C-355/06
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to development, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Women petitioners brought a tutela action (appeal for legal protection) requesting that the Court declare unconstitutional particular provisions of the Penal Code (Articles 122 (criminalized abortion), 123 (criminalized abortion without consent), and 124 (mitigating circumstances)) that criminalized abortion, claiming that, first, the doctrine of res judicata did not apply to them with regards to previous decisions …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Children, Criminalization, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Family planning, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Pregnancy, Rape, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: Spanish

Doctors for Life International v. Speaker of the National Assembly, et al.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2006
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2006] ZACC 11; 2006 (12) BCLR 1399 (CC); 2006 (6) SA 416 (CC)
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

The applicant challenged the validity of four draft bills relating to health rights. One bill allowed registered nurses to perform abortions at certain public and private facilities. The applicant alleged that the National Council of Provinces (NCOP) and the provincial legislatures failed to fulfill their respective obligations under sections 72(1)(a) and 118(1)(a) of the Constitution …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

James Demers v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 85/06, Petition P-225-04, October 21, 2006; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.127, Doc. 4 rev. 1, 3 March 2007
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Right to life
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged Canada failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration), including protection of the right to life, the right of special protection of women during pregnancy and the freedom of expression and dissemination of ideas. Anti-abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Criminalization, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Partial birth abortion, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Miguel Castro-Castro Prison v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R., Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 160 (Nov. 25, 2006).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

During the conflict between armed groups and government forces that lasted from the 1980s until 2000, the government of Alberto Fujimori issued a law decree on April 6, 1992, ordering “the reorganization of the National Penitentiary Institute (INPE) and put[ting] the National Police of Peru in charge of the control of security at the penitentiaries.” …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Assault, Childbirth, Clean water, Cleanliness, Compulsory examination, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Dehydration, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Drinking water, Emergency care, Execution, Forced examination, Health records, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary examination, Jail, Law enforcement, Maternal health, Medical records, Military, Militias, Police, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Rape, Safe drinking water, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Solitary confinement, TB, Torture, Tuberculosis, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

R (on the application of Axon) v. Secretary of State for Health and Anr.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2006
Court: High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland, Queen's Bench Division
Citation: [2006] EWHC 37 (Admin)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicant, Sue Axon, alleged that the Family Planning Association violated the rights of parents under article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (right to respect for private and family life). The Association provided confidential advice and treatment regarding contraception, sexually transmitted infections and abortion to persons under the age of sixteen …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Birth control, Childbirth, Children, Confidentiality, Contraception, Contraceptives, Disclosure, Family planning, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Non-disclosure, Notification, Parental consent, Parental notification, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Royal Women’s Hospital v. Medical Practitioners Board of Victoria

Country: Australia
Year: 2006
Court: Supreme Court of Victoria
Citation: (2006) 15 VR 22; [2006] VSCA 85
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health information, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Right to privacy
Facts:

In January 2000, Mrs. X went to the Royal Women’s Hospital (“the Hospital”). She was 32 weeks pregnant, and, after a multiple ultrasounds, it was confirmed that her baby had skeletal dysplasia (“dwarfism”). In February, a fetal reduction procedure was done and the baby was born by stillbirth. After termination, the fetus was found to …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Confidentiality, Depression, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health records, Maternal health, Medical records, Misdiagnosis, Non-disclosure, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Secrecy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English

Case 01-03259

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass civ I, n°01-03259, 6 May 2003
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

A woman being treated by Polyclinic requested that two doctors from outside the clinic to come to treat her child. The polyclinic did not allow the two pediatric specialists to practice in the clinic. The Court of Appeal held that the polyclinic had violated L. 1111-1 of the Public Health Code and L.162-2 of the …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Informed choice, Maternal health, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English French

Case 43/2005 (XI. 14)

Country: Hungary
Year: 2005
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Aging, Health information, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The case involved two petitions that required the Constitutional Court to examine certain elements that imposed regulations on sterilization. The first petitioner challenged the constitutionality of the Minister of Health Decree 12/1987 (VIII. 19.) EüM on Sterilization (hereinafter “D1”), which imposed certain restrictions (related to age and number of prior blood children) on a person …Read more

Tags: Birth control, Compulsory sterilization, Confidentiality, Contraception, Contraceptives, Disclosure, Family planning, Forced sterilization, Health records, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Mandatory sterilization, Maternal health, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Secrecy, Spousal consent, Spousal notification, Sterilization
Download Judgment: English