37 judgments found.

E.B. v. X

Country: Italy
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court of Cassation
Citation: Case No. 21748/2007 of 16 October 2007
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

E.E., an adult, was in a car accident in 1992. As a result of this accident, she entered into an irreversible vegetative coma. E.E. was not clinically dead, defined as the “irreversible  cessation  of  all  encephalon  functions,” but was clinically in a permanent vegetative state (PVS). She was kept alive through force-feeding by means of …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Disabled, Duty of care, Food, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Starvation, Unauthorized treatment
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Jalloh v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2006
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 54810/00, 44 Eur. H.R. Rep. 32 (2007).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Jalloh brought an action before the European Court of Human Rights (the Court), arguing that the administration of emetics by force by German officials had constituted a serious interference with his physical integrity and posed a serious threat to his health and life. Jalloh was a suspected drug dealer who was arrested by the police …Read more

Tags: Cocaine, Compulsory treatment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drug enforcement, Forced treatment, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Morphine, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Torture
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Case 248357

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°248357, 26 September 2005
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

In 2002, the ASSOCIATION AGAINST HANDIPHOBIA brought this challenge to Article L. 2123-2 of the Public Health Code, which allows for a guardian judge to impose contraception, sterilization and pregnancy termination on people with mental disabilities after rigorous review. The Association claimed the law was unconstitutional, a violation of the Declaration of the Rights of …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Contraception, Forced abortion, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Judicial bypass, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental retardation, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Parental consent, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Termination of pregnancy
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Huitema v. PGK

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2005
Court: Family Court
Citation: FAM-2005-009-003589
Health Topics: Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

PGK, age 56, was convicted for a sexual violation and placed in a compulsory care facility pursuant to the Intellectual Disability (Compulsory Care and Rehabilitation) Act 2003 for a period of three years. PGK has been in the care facility for the past 18 months. PGK has a history of sexual offenses and felonious behavior and …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory treatment, Health care workers, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory treatment, Mental disability, Mental illness, Mental institution, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault
Download Judgment: English

Storck v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2005
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Storck v. F.R.G., App. No. 61603/00, 43 Eur. H.R. Rep. 96 (2005).
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant, a German national, alleged violations under Article 5 (right to liberty and security of person), Article 6 § 1 (right to a fair hearing) and Article 8 (right to respect for his private and family life) of the European Convention on Human Rights concerning her involuntary placement and medical treatment in a private clinic …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Damages, Disabled, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory testing, Mandatory treatment, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Schizophrenia
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Maria Mamerita Mestanza Chavez v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2003
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 66/00, Case 12.191, October 3, 2000; OEA/Ser./L/V/II.111, doc. 20 rev., 16 April 2001
Health Topics: Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A group of NGOs lodged a petition with the Commission alleging that Peru violated Maria Mamérita Mestanza Chávez’s rights on account of a forced sterilization that resulted in her death. Peru implemented a family planning policy involving compulsory and systematic sterilization in order to modify the reproductive behavior of the population. Poor, indigenous, and rural …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Inadequate treatment, Indigenous groups, Indigent, Infertility, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Poor, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
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Purohit and Moore v. The Gambia

Country: The Gambia
Year: 2003
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Communication No. 241/2001
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Complainants P and M were mental health advocates, who brought the complaint on behalf of patients detained at Campama, a psychiatric unit of the Royal Victoria Hospital, and existing and future mental health patients detained under the Mental Health Acts of the Republic of The Gambia. Complainants alleged that legislation governing mental health in The …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced treatment, Humiliating treatment, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory treatment, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution
Download Judgment: English

Re BWV, ex parte Gardner

Country: Australia
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court of Victoria
Citation: (2003) 7 VR 487
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Diet and nutrition, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

This case was brought by the Public Advocate of Victoria as limited guardian of BWV, a woman aged 68 years, suffering from a fatal form of dementia (most likely Pick’s disease). At the time of bringing the case, BWV had not appeared conscious, nor had she had any cortical activity for approximately three years. Evidence …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Elderly, Food, Forced treatment, Incompetence, Involuntary treatment, Long-term care, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Neurological diseases, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Older persons, Palliative care, Patient choice, Senior citizens
Download Judgment: English

Starson v. Swayze

Country: Canada
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (2001) 201 D.L.R. (4th) 123, 146 O.A.C. 121, 33 Admin. L.R. (3d) 315
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The respondent Starson was a physicist who was diagnosed with bipolar disorder and had intermittently received treatment in various mental institutions in the United States and Canada. Historically, he had used medication to regulate the condition. However, the side effects dulled Starson’s mind, and he refused further treatment, despite being informed his condition would deteriorate …Read more

Tags: Bipolar, Compulsory treatment, Diagnostics, Examination, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental illness, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English