218 judgments found.

Andrea Mortlock v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2008
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 63/08, Case 12.534
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged the United States failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration). Petitioners included the Legal Aid Society and the International Human Rights Clinic at Washington College of Law. Petitioners alleged the United States violated the …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cocaine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Emergency care, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Immigration, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Marijuana, Migrants, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Substance abuse, Torture
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Auto 092/08

Country: Colombia
Year: 2008
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Corte Constitucional [C.C.][Constitutional Court], Sala Segunda de Revisión No. 092 abril 14, 2008, M.P.: Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa, Auto 092/08 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work
Facts:

The Constitutional Court considered the persistence of an unconstitutional state of affairs with regard to forced displacement, which disproportionately affected women in Colombia. The Court originally declared an unconstitutional state of affairs in Ruling T-025 of 2004 and again in Resolution 218 of 2006. More than half the displaced people in Colombia  (54 per cent) …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced abortion, Forced displacement, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Mental illness, Pregnancy, Rape, Refugees, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: Spanish

Case of Saadi v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 37201/06
Health Topics: Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant was a Tunisian national who was arrested on 9 October 2002 on suspicion of involvement in international terrorism. He was charged with (1) conspiracy to commit acts of violence in States other than Italy with the aim of spreading terror, (2) falsification of “a large number of documents such as passports, driving licences …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Asylum, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Immigrants, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, Refugee, Terrorism, Threat of violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Hadijatou Mani Koraou v.The Republic of Niger

Country: Niger
Year: 2008
Court: Community Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States
Citation: Hadijatou Mani Koraou v. The Republic of Niger, (2008) AHRLR 182, ECOWAS.
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

In 1996, the plaintiff, Mrs. Hadijatou Mani Koraou, was sold at the age of 12 to 46-year-old Mr. El Hadj Souleymane Naroua, for the sum of two hundred and forty-thousand francs. This transaction occurred as a “Wahiya,” a common practice in the Republic of Niger, which consists in acquiring a young girl, generally of servile status, to serve as both …Read more

Tags: Child marriage, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Domestic abuse, Domestic partnership, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Minor, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Torture
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Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa v. Angola

Country: Angola
Year: 2008
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 292/04 (2008).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to property, Right to work
Facts:

The Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa (IHRDA) filed a complaint on behalf of Mr. Esmaila Connateh and 13 other Gambians deported from Angola during March through May of 2004. IHRDA’s complaint alleged that Angola arbitrarily arrested and detained the individuals, along with tens of thousands of foreigners who had legally lived and …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Immigration, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Migrants, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Manneh v. The Gambia

Country: The Gambia
Year: 2008
Court: Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West Africa States
Citation: (2008) AHRLR 171 (ECOWAS 2008)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Plaintiff alleged that his arrest and continued detention without trial by the National Intelligence Agency of The Gambia violated his rights under the following articles 6 (right to personal liberty), 4 (right to life), 5 (prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment), and 7 (right to fair trial) of the African Charter on …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Forced disappearance, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Law enforcement, Police, Prison conditions, Solitary confinement
Download Judgment: English

Mechenkov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 35421/05, Eur. Ct. H.R. 122 (2008).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

Applicant, a Russian national serving a prison sentence and suffering from tuberculosis and chronic hepatitis C, alleged the state violated his Article 3 rights under the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) because he was denied the necessary medical treatment. He also alleged that he was  held with inmates suffering from active tuberculosis and hepatitis …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health records, Hepatitis, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Medical records, Prison conditions, TB, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

N. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 26565/05; [2008] ECHR 453
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, a Ugandan national, was HIV positive and claimed that if the United Kingdom forced her to return to Uganda then she would not have sufficient access to medical treatment for her condition. She claimed that this result would violate her rights under Articles 3 (prohibiting torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Essential medicines, HIV, HIV positive, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Refugees

Shelley v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23800/06; [2008] ECHR 108; (2008) 46 EHRR SE16
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant was a United Kingdom national imprisoned at H.M. Prison Whitemoor who complained that the Government’s failure to provide needle exchange programs in prisons violated the rights of prisoners under Article 2 (respect for the right to life), Article 3 (prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment), Article 8 (respect for …Read more

Tags: Custody, Drug use, Harm reduction, Health care technology, Health regulation, Hepatitis, HIV, IDUs, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Informed choice, Inhuman treatment, Injecting drug users, Inmate, Jail, Most-at-risk, People who use drugs, Prison conditions, Transmission
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Shtukaturov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 44009/05, Eur. Ct. H.R. (2008).
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, Mr. Shtukaturov, was born in 1982 and first began showing signs of mental illness in 2002. In August 2002, he was held for approximately 8 months in a psychiatric hospital, receiving a diagnosis of simple schizophrenia. On August 3, 2004, Shtukaturov’s mother petitioned the Vasileostrovskiy District Court of St. Petersburg, claiming that her …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Cruel treatment, Depression, Forced examination, Incapacity, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory examination, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Schizophrenia, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English