212 judgments found.

Peart and Peart v. Jamaica

Country: Jamaica
Year: 1995
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication Nos. 464 & 482/1991
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Peart and Peart (A and G) were convicted of murder and sentenced to death in 1988. They claimed that their conviction was based on the uncorroborated evidence of an eyewitness, evidence which had conflicted with a written statement previously made to the police but which they had not been allowed to see before or during …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Prison
Download Judgment: English

Simms v. Jamaica

Country: Jamaica
Year: 1995
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 541/1993
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Simms (S) was awaiting execution following his conviction for murder in 1988 which was based on identification evidence. S complained about weaknesses in the identification evidence, the failure of the judge to direct the jury properly about that evidence, the inadequacy of the representation provided by his legal aid lawyer, the absence of an opportunity …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail
Download Judgment: English

El-Megreisi v. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Country: Libya
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 440/1990
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

El-Megreisi (E) alleged that his family home was searched at dawn by the security police and that his brother, having been asked to leave with them to assist in an unspecified security matter, never returned. He also alleged that after over three years had elapsed, his brother’s wife was allowed to visit him in a …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detainee, Detention, Forced disappearance, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Hurtado v. Switzerland

Country: Switzerland
Year: 1994
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 37/1993/432/511 [1994] ECHR 280
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Prisons
Facts:

While arresting Mr. Hurtado, Swiss police officers threw a stun grenade, forced Mr. Hurtado to the ground, and handcuffed and hooded him. The officers allegedly then beat Mr. Hurtado until he lost consciousness, and he was not allowed to change out of his dirty clothes for at least a day. Mr. Hurtado asked to see …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Police
Download Judgment: English

Lopez-Ostra v. Spain

Country: Spain
Year: 1994
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 16798/90; (1995) 20 EHRR 277; [1994] ECHR 46; (1994) 303-C Eur. Ct. H.R. (ser A)
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

Mrs. López Ostra brought an action against Spain due to environmental pollution from a nearby waste treatment plant. López Ostra lived adjacent to the plant, which was operating without a license. The plant malfunctioned on start-up, and released gas fumes and unpleasant smells. These caused health problems and were a nuisance to the local people. …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Contamination, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Industrial waste, Inhuman treatment, Pollution, Torture, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
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M’Boissona (on behalf of Bozize) v. Central African Republic

Country: Central African Republic
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication 428/1990, UN Doc. CCPR/C/50/D/428/1990
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

In a communication submitted to the United Nations Humans Right Committee (“UNHRC”), Yvonne M’Boissona asserted that her brother, François Bozize, led a coup d’état in the Central African Republic in 1982. After fleeing the country, he was arrested in July 1989 in Benin, repatriated to the Central African Republic by force, and imprisoned at a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Assault, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Food, Food safety, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Malnutrition, Military, Militias, Prison conditions, Refugee, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Mika Miha v. Equatorial Guinea

Country: Equatorial Guinea
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 414/1990
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Mika Miha (M), having twice previously left Equatorial Guinea for asylum abroad, had returned in 1988 to support the activities of an opposition party to which he belonged. Shortly afterwards, he was arrested by members of the security forces. The only explanation given was that his detention had been ordered by the president. For the …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

STC 215/1994

Country: Spain
Year: 1994
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Infectious diseases, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

The parents of a mentally-disabled woman requested that the court authorize the sterilization of their daughter.  According to the Article 428 of the Criminal Code made in accordance with Article 6 LO 3/89 of 21 June (the “challenged provision”), sterilization of a disabled person who suffered from serious psychological deficiency would not be unlawful if the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Birth control, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Degrading treatment, Forced abortion, Forced sterilization, Humiliating treatment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary sterilization, Mandatory sterilization, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, Sterilization, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Women Prisoners of the District of Columbia Department of Corrections, et al. v. District of Columbia

Country: United States
Year: 1994
Court: United States District Court, District of Columbia
Citation: 877 F.Supp. 634 (D.D.C. 1994)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Tobacco, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

Women inmates in the District of Columbia (D.C.) correctional system alleged that they were being mistreated in a variety of ways, including sexual harassment, failure to provide or inadequate levels of obstetrical and gynecological care, unequal educational and work-related programming  as compared to similarly situated male inmates, uneven recreational and religious time, and general inhumane …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assault, Cleanliness, Counseling, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Smoking, STDs, STIs, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Kanana Tshiongo a Minanga v. Zaire

Country: Congo, DRC
Year: 1993
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 366/1989
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Kanana Tshiongo A Minanga (K), a founder of a political party opposed to the governing regime of President Mobutu, complained that he was taken by members of the Zairian defense forces to the headquarters of the political police supposedly to meet the director and then held overnight without any reason being given. While there, he …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English
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