32 judgments found.

Sesana v. Attorney General

Country: Botswana
Year: 2006
Court: High Court - Lobatse
Citation: Misca. No. 52 of 2002
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to property
Facts:

In March 2002, the Botswana Government terminated certain basic services to the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR), including access to: Drinking water; Maintenance of borehole water; Rations to registered destitute; Rations to registered orphans; Transport for the applicants’ children to and from school; and Healthcare to the applicants through mobile clinics and ambulance services. The …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Drinking water, Food, Forced displacement, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigent, Informed choice, Low income, Minor, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Refugees, Starvation, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Kachingwe v. Minister of Home Affairs N.O.

Country: Zimbabwe
Year: 2005
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Report No. SC 145/04
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

This was a civil appeal regarding the conditions in Zimbabwe’s police holding cells. The first and second Applicants, Kachingwe and Chibebe, were arrested by the police, with Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights serving as the third Applicant. The first Applicant was detained in a police cell overnight. The second Applicant was detained for two days. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Clean water, Cleanliness, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Drinking water, Food, Hunger, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Police, Potable water, Prison conditions, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Yakye Axa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2005
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. v. Para., Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 125 (June 17, 2005).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Medicines, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The indigenous community of Yakye Axa, a traditional society of hunter-gatherers, was resettled as part of a development program in Paraguay started in 1979. They were displaced to lands with a natural environment and resources that were different from the Yakye Axa’s traditional territory and incompatible with their traditional means of subsistence.  They also faced …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Suo Moto v. State of Rajasthan

Country: India
Year: 2004
Court: High Court - Rajasthan
Citation: AIR 2005 Raj 82; RLW 2005 (2) Raj 1437
Health Topics: Environmental health, Health information, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The case was regarding multiple suo moto orders issued by the Rajasthan High Court to the municipal authorities of the city of Jaipur to clean-up, restore and maintain the city which was plagued with trash, open sewage and polluted water bodies. Specific orders were issued to remove and dispose of the plastic and polyethylene bags …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Clean water, Cleanliness, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Health education, Health expenditures, Health promotion, Health spending, Low income, Pollution, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Yakye Axa Indigenous Community of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Para., Case 12.313, Inter-Am. Comm’n H.R., Report No. 2/02, OEA/Ser.L./V/II.117, doc. 1 rev. 1 (2003).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

This case was heard by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Their opinion is available here. Leaders of the Yakye Axa indigenous community of the Enxet-Lengua people filed suit against the Republic of Paraguay claiming that the Paraguayan State violated Articles 4 (right to life) and 25 (judicial protection), in conjunction with Article 1(1) (obligation …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Siromani Mittasala v. President, Brindavanam Colony

Country: India
Year: 2001
Court: High Court - Andhra Pradesh
Citation: 2002 (1) ALD 136; 2002 (2) ALT 356
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Brindavan Colony was draining untreated sewage into the municipal underground pipeline and the Papireddy tank, which tank supplied water to the residents of Kavali. The Kavali municipality had failed to provide a proper drainage system, resulting in polluted water and the outbreak of mosquito-born epidemics. There was a nearby water supply scheme being built which, …Read more

Tags: Drinking water, Malaria, Pollution, Sewage, Waste management, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

The Social and Economic Rights Action Center, et al. v. Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2001
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 155/96 (2001).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The applicant alleged that the military government of Nigeria (Government), in its efforts to produce oil through the State-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC), contaminated the environment of the Ogoni People and led to environmental degradation and health problems among that community. More specifically, the applicant claimed that the NNPC, acting within a consortium with …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cancer, Clean water, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food shortages, Forced displacement, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Military, Pollution, Potable water, Pulmonary diseases, Refugees, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Skin disease, Toxic waste, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

A.P. Pollution Control Board II v. Prof. M.V. Nayudu and Ors

Country: India
Year: 2000
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Appeal (civil) 368-371 of 1999
Health Topics: Environmental health, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Respondent industry sought to establish a new factory in the State of Andhra Pradesh to produce vegetable oils. The industry purchased land in Peddashpur village, within 10KM of two reservoirs that provided drinking water for 5 million people. In 1988, the Ministry of Forests and Environment established a “red” list of hazardous industries, including industry …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Industrial waste, Pollution, Potable water, Precautionary principle, Safe drinking water, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Menores Comunidad Paynemil s/ Acción de amparo

Country: Argentina
Year: 1997
Court: Civil Court of Appeals of Neuquén [Cámara de Apelaciones en lo Civil de la Provincia de Nuequén]
Citation: Case File No. 311-CA-1997
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The public defender brought a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) to protect the health of children in the indigenous community of Paynemil whose drinking water supply had been contaminated with lead and mercury by an oil company’s operations. The State was alleged to have arbitrarily failed to protect the right to …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental hazards, Poisoning, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution, Water safety
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Suray Prasad Sharma Dhungel v. Godavari Marble Industries and Others

Country: Nepal
Year: 1995
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ No. 35 of the year 2049 B.S (1992)
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The Petitioner, Legal and Environmental Analysis for Development and Research Services (Pvt.) Ltd. (LEADERS Inc) was a company that conducted research on environmental issues and promoted conservation. One of the Respondents, Godavari Marble Industries, was engaged in marble masonry. The Petitioner contended that the activities of the Respondent, including blasting and mining, were causing severe …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Clean water, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English
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