77 judgments found.

Munjaz v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2913/06; [2012] ECHR 1704
Health Topics: Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Applicant, a UK citizen born in 1947, alleged that the seclusion policy (“Policy”) of Ashworth Special Hospital (“Ashworth”), the maximum security hospital where he was committed for a mental illness, violated the European Convention on Human Rights. After several instances of incarceration and hospitalization on account of various mental health issues, the applicant was …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Isolation, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals, Seclusion, Torture
Download Judgment: English

R v. DAI

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: The Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: [2012] SCC 5
Health Topics: Disabilities, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Crown alleged that the complainant, a 26-year-old woman with the mental age of a three to 6-year-old was repeatedly sexually assaulted by her mother’s partner D.A.I during the four years that he lived in their home. The Crown sought to call the complainant to testify about the alleged assaults. The trial judge found that …Read more

Tags: Assault, Competence to testify, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Incapacity, Incompetence, Law enforcement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Psychology, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Stanev v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 36760/06
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Mental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

S, an adult male diagnosed with schizophrenia, lived for many years with his half-sister and step-mother, his closest living relatives, before they applied in 2000 to the Ruse Regional Court to have S declared legally incapacitated. The court declared S only partially incapacitated. S’s family refused to accept guardianship for S, and the court instead …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Examination, Food, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Incompetence, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Low income, Malnutrition, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Poor, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Sykora v. Czech Republic

Country: Czech Republic
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23419/07; [2012] ECHR 1960
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Milan Sykora, a Czech national, suffered from a psycho-social disability and did not take his medication because he claimed it negatively affected his eyesight. In November 2000 the Brno Municipal Court deprived Sykora of his capacity to make legal decisions after he failed to collect his pension for four years. The decision was made based …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary examination, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory examination, Mandatory testing, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Paranoia, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Centre For Health, Human Rights and Development (CEHURD), et al. v. The Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Constitutional Petition No. 64 of 2011
Health Topics: Disabilities, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The Centre for Health, Human Rights and Development (“CEHURD”) alleged that Uganda passed laws that were (1) degrading to mentally challenged individuals and (2) contrary to the Ugandan Constitution (“Constitution”). The factual issue at hand involved the claim that people with mental disabilities were being detained for long and indefinite periods of time without due …Read more

Tags: Compulsory confinement, Cruel and unusual punishment, Degrading treatment, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Humiliating treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

L v. RIDCA Central (Regional Intellectual Disability Care Agency)

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2010
Court: High Court
Citation: HC WN CIV-2010-485-1279
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The claimant (L), a 45-year-old woman with an intellectual disability, appealed a decision by the Family Court which had ordered a 12-month extension to the compulsory care order that L was under. The care order had been initially ordered under the Intellectual Disability (Compulsory Care and Rehabilitation) Act 2003 (“IDCCR Act”) because of L’s violent …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

R v. Conway

Country: Canada
Year: 2010
Court: The Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: 2010 SCC 22
Health Topics: Hospitals, Mental health, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The accused was found not guilty by reason of insanity on a charge of sexual assault with a weapon in 1983. He was subsequently detained in numerous mental health facilities. Before his annual review hearing in 2006 was held, the accused alleged that the centre in which he was detained had violated his constitutional rights …Read more

Tags: Assault, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Health facilities, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Threat of violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

VM v. RIDCA Central (Regional Intellectual Disability Care Agency)

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2009
Court: High Court
Citation: [2009] NZHC 545
Health Topics: Mental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellant, VM, challenged a renewal of her detention under a compulsory care order governed by the Intellectual Disability (Compulsory Care and Rehabilitation) Act 2003 (the “Act”). In 2005, the appellant was charged with possession of a knife in a public place when she became fixated on one of her care workers and showed up …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Compulsory commitment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental institution, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

Cumming v. The Queen

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2008] NZSC 39
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

In 2002, the High Court convicted C on eight counts of sexual assault, including rape, unlawful sexual connection, and other offences against the person including detaining with intent to have sexual intercourse. C was subsequently sentenced to preventive detention. C conducted his own defense during the trial. The jury addressed its concerns about the manner …Read more

Tags: Incapacity, Incompetence, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

M.J.R. s/insanía

Country: Argentina
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: S.C. February 19, 2008, "M.J.R. s/ insanía"
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

On June 4, 1982 M.J.R. , a minor, accused of aggravated murder, was declared unpunishable by law by the National Criminal Examining Court of First Instance number 16, which determined he had to remain in hospital as a safety measure. On July 11, 1983, the advisor on minors filed a process of disability to the …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Incapacity, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Public hospitals, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English Spanish
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