77 judgments found.

Re Woolley, ex parte Applicants M276

Country: Australia
Year: 2004
Court: High Court
Citation: (2004) 225 CLR 1; (2004) 80 ALD 1; (2004) 210 ALR 369; (2004) 79 ALJR 43; (2004) 32 Fam LR 180; [2004] HCA 49
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Applicants were four Afghani children who arrived in Australia with their parents as “unlawful non-citizens” (a person who is in the migration zone who is not an Australian citizen and who does not hold a valid visa) according to the Migration Act 1958 (the Act). The family was placed in immigration detention pursuant to …Read more

Tags: Asylum, Child development, Children, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel and unusual punishment, Depression, Detention, Immigration, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental illness, Migrants, Minor, Psychiatry, Psychology, Refugees, Seclusion, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Re BWV, ex parte Gardner

Country: Australia
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court of Victoria
Citation: (2003) 7 VR 487
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Diet and nutrition, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

This case was brought by the Public Advocate of Victoria as limited guardian of BWV, a woman aged 68 years, suffering from a fatal form of dementia (most likely Pick’s disease). At the time of bringing the case, BWV had not appeared conscious, nor had she had any cortical activity for approximately three years. Evidence …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Elderly, Food, Forced treatment, Incompetence, Involuntary treatment, Long-term care, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Neurological diseases, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Older persons, Palliative care, Patient choice, Senior citizens
Download Judgment: English

Regina (on the application of H) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2003
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [2003] UKHL 59; [2004] 1 All ER 412
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

H, a young woman who suffered from Down’s syndrome and was severely mentally disabled, lived with her mother, BL, who was deeply distrustful of the health authorities. When her BL fell ill and H’s behaviour became increasingly disturbed H was formally admitted to hospital for assessment under section 2 (allowing mandatory commitment for mentally ill …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Health regulation, Incapacity, Incompetence, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Patient choice, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Sell v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 539 U.S. 166 (2003)
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Petitioner, Sell, had a long history of mental illness. In 1998, a federal grand jury issued an indictment charging Sell with attempting to murder an FBI agent who had arrested him in connection with a separate charge of mail fraud and a former employee who planned to testify against him in the upcoming fraud case. …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Incompetence, Informed choice, Inmate, Insanity, Involuntary treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Starson v. Swayze

Country: Canada
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (2001) 201 D.L.R. (4th) 123, 146 O.A.C. 121, 33 Admin. L.R. (3d) 315
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The respondent Starson was a physicist who was diagnosed with bipolar disorder and had intermittently received treatment in various mental institutions in the United States and Canada. Historically, he had used medication to regulate the condition. However, the side effects dulled Starson’s mind, and he refused further treatment, despite being informed his condition would deteriorate …Read more

Tags: Bipolar, Compulsory treatment, Diagnostics, Examination, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental illness, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Worwa v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2003
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 26624/95; (2003) 43 EHRR 35
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

Between 1993 and 1998, the applicant was accused of multiple offenses, including preventing her neighbors from accessing a track to the housing estate, inciting her two daughters to attack their neighbor physically and verbally, threatening her neighbor with a shovel, and doing unauthorized renovation work. In conjunction with the proceedings in the cases against the …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory examination, Forced examination, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary examination, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory examination, Mental competence, Mental illness, Mental institution
Download Judgment: English Albanian French Polish

Atkins v. Virginia

Country: United States
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 536 U.S. 304 (2002)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The Appellant, Atkins, a mentally disabled individual, was convicted of capital murder and related crimes by a Virginia jury and sentenced to death. He brought this appeal alleging that he could not be sentenced to death because executing the mentally disabled would constitute “cruel and unusual punishment” as prohibited by the Eighth Amendment.

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Benjamin & Wilson v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28212/95
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

B and W were detained in hospital after being sentenced to terms of discretionary life imprisonment. Both complained that they did not have access to a procedure by which they could challenge the lawfulness of their continued detention. B was sentenced to life imprisonment for rape in 1983. His tariff period of detention was set …Read more

Tags: Custody, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness
Download Judgment: English

Naushad Ali v. State

Country: Fiji
Year: 2002
Court: High Court
Citation: Criminal Appeal No. HAA 0083 of 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

N, a cane cutter, was arrested on charges of having unlawful sexual intercourse with his six year old daughter contrary to s 175 of the Penal Code. Within two hours he was presented before the court and cautioned. The magistrate asked N whether he wished to consult his lawyer, but he declined. At trial he …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Examination, Humiliating treatment, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Mental competence, Minor, Pediatric health, Psychiatry, Psychology, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault
Download Judgment: English

P, C, & S v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 56547/00
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

P was a U.S. citizen and C was her British husband. Their daughter, S, was born in 1998 in the UK. In 1985, P had given birth to a son B in the US. In 1994, the California authorities took B into protective custody, alleging that P was harming B by administering laxatives to him …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Infant health, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English
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