116 judgments found.

Case 00-14564

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass. civ I, n°00-14564, 9 October 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to health
Facts:

A doctor, Y, was treating Mrs. X during her pregnancy. Y suspected a breech presentation (buttocks- or feet-first presentation rather than the normal head-first presentation) during the 8th month of pregnancy. The mother wanted a home birth. On 12 January, the child was born in a home birth and as a result of inadequate medical …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Caesarean, Child development, Children, Disabled, Emergency care, Handicapped, Health care technology, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Minor, Non-evidence based treatment, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Standard of care
Download Judgment: French

Case 198546

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°198546, 26 October 2001
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life
Facts:

The plaintiff’s husband was hospitalized due to severe renal failure. Conscious of his severe state of health, the husband wrote a statement ten days later stating that, as a Jehovah’s Witness, he refused to get any blood products or transfusions, even if there were essential to his survival. The doctors gave him a blood transfusion …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Clinical trials, Emergency care, Forced treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Notification, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Tort, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

Case 2001-446 DC

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: C. C., n°2001-446 DC, 27 June 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Before the promulgation of the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy Act, 78 senators made a referral to the French constitutional court challenging the constitutionality of the new bill according to article 61 of the French Constitution. The Act had three components. It extended to 12 weeks the period of time a woman could have an abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Children, Counseling, Criminalization, Forced abortion, Freedom of information, Health facilities, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Minor, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English French

Ferguson v. City of Charleston

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 532 U.S. 67 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners were former patients who received obstetrical care at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), a public hospital in the city of Charleston, and who were arrested after testing positive for cocaine. In 1988, concerns arose among MUSC staff about an apparent increase in the use of cocaine by patients who were receiving prenatal …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cocaine, Compulsory testing, Crack cocaine, Drug abuse, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Medical and Dental Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal v. Okonkwo

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (2002) AHRLR 159 (NgSC 2001); [2001] WRN 1
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Medical and Dental Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal (“the Tribunal”) brought charges to determine whether a practitioner is guilty of punishable “infamous conduct” when in deference to a patient’s religious views which he failed to provide live-saving blood transfusions, refer the patient to another practitioner, or terminate his medical contract. The patient, Martha Okorie, and her …Read more

Tags: Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Informed choice, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English

In re L (by his next friend GE)

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1998
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [1998] UKHL 24
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Mr. L was a mentally retarded person who was incapable of consenting to medical treatment. From the age of 13, he had been a resident at the Bournewood Hospital which was governed by the appellant, NHS Trust. Mr. L was discharged from the hospital on a trial basis into the community with paid carers, though …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health regulation, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English

R (on application of S) v. Louize Collins and Ors.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1998
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1998] EWCH Admin 490
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

A 36 weeks-pregnant woman, referred to as “MS”, sought care as a new patient at a local National Health Service (NHS) practice on 25th April 1996. She previously had not sought any ante-natal care. She was quickly diagnosed with pre-eclampsia, a condition threatening the life and health of both her and her baby. She rejected …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Childbirth, Compulsory treatment, Depression, Diagnostics, Eclampsia, Emergency care, Examination, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Mental competence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Case SU-480/97

Country: Colombia
Year: 1997
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Informed consent, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom of association, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The case combined six writs of tutela that were filed against the Institute of Social Security (ISS) into one record. The Plaintiffs were persons living with HIV who had not been able to obtain protease inhibitors to treat their HIV. The protease inhibitors sought by the Plaintiffs were antiretrovirals used in the treatment of HIV …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Generic drugs, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, HIV, Informed choice, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Patient choice, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English Spanish

In re MB (medical treatment)

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1997
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1997] EWCA Civ 3093
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

A health authority applied for a High Court declaration that it would be lawful to undertake an emergency caesarean operation on MB whose foetus was found to be in the breech position after MB agreed to have the operation theoretically but refused in practice due to her fear of needles. The declaration was granted, and …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Caesarean, Childbirth, Emergency care, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Maternal health, Mental competence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

R v. Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, ex parte Blood

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1997
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1997] 2 All ER 687; [1997] 2 WLR 806; [1999] Fam 151
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health
Facts:

Mr. and Mrs. Blood were married and attempting to have a family. Unfortunately, Mr. Blood contracted meningitis and went into a coma prior to any conception, so Mrs. Blood requested that doctors take sperm by electro-ejaculation while Mr. Blood was in the coma. The doctors took two different samples, and Mr. Blood passed away soon …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Compulsory treatment, Family planning, Forced treatment, Health care technology, Health regulation, In utero fertilization, In vitro fertilization, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Spousal consent, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English
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