49 judgments found.

A.C. v. Manitoba

Country: Canada
Year: 2009
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2009] 2 R.C.S.; 2009 SCC 30
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

A.C., a child and a Jehovah’s Witness, suffered from Crohn’s disease. She had signed an advance medical affidavit containing her instructions not to be given blood under any circumstances. At the age of 14, she was admitted to hospital and refused to consent to the receipt of blood. The Director of Child and Family Services …Read more

Tags: Children, Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
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K.H. and Others v. Slovakia

Country: Slovakia
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 32881/04, 49 Eur. Ct. H.R. 34 (2009).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

The eight applicants were women of Roma ethnicity, who suspected that they had been sterilized during caesarian section deliveries at two different hospitals. The applicants obtained legal representation, who attempted to examine and obtain copies of their medical records. These requests were denied by the hospitals. The applicants then brought actions against the hospitals in …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Disclosure, Family planning, Fertility, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Freedom of information, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health data, Health records, Health regulation, Inappropriate treatment, Indigent, Infertility, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Low income, Mandatory sterilization, Maternal health, Medical records, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Poor, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Secrecy, Sterilization, Tort, Unauthorized treatment, Underprivileged
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I.V. v. Bolivia (Admissibility)

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2008
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 40/08, Petition 270-07, July 23, 2008; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.134, Doc. 5, rev. 1, 25 February 2009
Health Topics: Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

In 2000, the Ombudsman of Bolivia, on behalf of the victim, lodged a petition to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights alleging that victim was submitted to a surgical procedure of ligature of the fallopian tubes in a public hospital without her informed consent and this was therefore an involuntary sterilization. The Ombudsman further alleged …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Childbirth, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Infertility, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
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Jalloh v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2006
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 54810/00, 44 Eur. H.R. Rep. 32 (2007).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Jalloh brought an action before the European Court of Human Rights (the Court), arguing that the administration of emetics by force by German officials had constituted a serious interference with his physical integrity and posed a serious threat to his health and life. Jalloh was a suspected drug dealer who was arrested by the police …Read more

Tags: Cocaine, Compulsory treatment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drug enforcement, Forced treatment, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Morphine, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Torture
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Case 248357

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°248357, 26 September 2005
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

In 2002, the ASSOCIATION AGAINST HANDIPHOBIA brought this challenge to Article L. 2123-2 of the Public Health Code, which allows for a guardian judge to impose contraception, sterilization and pregnancy termination on people with mental disabilities after rigorous review. The Association claimed the law was unconstitutional, a violation of the Declaration of the Rights of …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Contraception, Forced abortion, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Judicial bypass, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental retardation, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Parental consent, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Termination of pregnancy
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Storck v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2005
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Storck v. F.R.G., App. No. 61603/00, 43 Eur. H.R. Rep. 96 (2005).
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant, a German national, alleged violations under Article 5 (right to liberty and security of person), Article 6 § 1 (right to a fair hearing) and Article 8 (right to respect for his private and family life) of the European Convention on Human Rights concerning her involuntary placement and medical treatment in a private clinic …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Damages, Disabled, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory testing, Mandatory treatment, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Schizophrenia
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Case 22/2003 (IV.28)

Country: Hungary
Year: 2003
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

The Court of Hungary received several petitions regarding the right of patients suffering from terminal illnesses to end their lives with dignity and consolidated the petitions into a single judgment. One petition asked the Court to declare unconstitutional and annul the last sentence in Section 43, paragraph (2) of Act II of 1972 on Healthcare. …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Disclosure, Duty of care, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Palliative care, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Maria Mamerita Mestanza Chavez v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2003
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 66/00, Case 12.191, October 3, 2000; OEA/Ser./L/V/II.111, doc. 20 rev., 16 April 2001
Health Topics: Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A group of NGOs lodged a petition with the Commission alleging that Peru violated Maria Mamérita Mestanza Chávez’s rights on account of a forced sterilization that resulted in her death. Peru implemented a family planning policy involving compulsory and systematic sterilization in order to modify the reproductive behavior of the population. Poor, indigenous, and rural …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Inadequate treatment, Indigenous groups, Indigent, Infertility, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Poor, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
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Purohit and Moore v. The Gambia

Country: The Gambia
Year: 2003
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Communication No. 241/2001
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Complainants P and M were mental health advocates, who brought the complaint on behalf of patients detained at Campama, a psychiatric unit of the Royal Victoria Hospital, and existing and future mental health patients detained under the Mental Health Acts of the Republic of The Gambia. Complainants alleged that legislation governing mental health in The …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced treatment, Humiliating treatment, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory treatment, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution
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