103 judgments found.

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 2)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2002] ZACC 15; 2002 (5) SA 721; 2002 (10) BCLR 1033
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The government of South Africa developed a national public health program to address mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The purpose of the program was to offer HIV-positive pregnant women nevirapine, a drug that prevents the transmission of HIV at birth, free of charge. The program was, however, limited in scope. It only offered nevirapine at certain …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Naushad Ali v. State

Country: Fiji
Year: 2002
Court: High Court
Citation: Criminal Appeal No. HAA 0083 of 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

N, a cane cutter, was arrested on charges of having unlawful sexual intercourse with his six year old daughter contrary to s 175 of the Penal Code. Within two hours he was presented before the court and cautioned. The magistrate asked N whether he wished to consult his lawyer, but he declined. At trial he …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Examination, Humiliating treatment, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Mental competence, Minor, Pediatric health, Psychiatry, Psychology, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault
Download Judgment: English

P, C, & S v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 56547/00
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

P was a U.S. citizen and C was her British husband. Their daughter, S, was born in 1998 in the UK. In 1985, P had given birth to a son B in the US. In 1994, the California authorities took B into protective custody, alleging that P was harming B by administering laxatives to him …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Infant health, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Yakye Axa Indigenous Community of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Para., Case 12.313, Inter-Am. Comm’n H.R., Report No. 2/02, OEA/Ser.L./V/II.117, doc. 1 rev. 1 (2003).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

This case was heard by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Their opinion is available here. Leaders of the Yakye Axa indigenous community of the Enxet-Lengua people filed suit against the Republic of Paraguay claiming that the Paraguayan State violated Articles 4 (right to life) and 25 (judicial protection), in conjunction with Article 1(1) (obligation …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Case 00-14564

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass. civ I, n°00-14564, 9 October 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to health
Facts:

A doctor, Y, was treating Mrs. X during her pregnancy. Y suspected a breech presentation (buttocks- or feet-first presentation rather than the normal head-first presentation) during the 8th month of pregnancy. The mother wanted a home birth. On 12 January, the child was born in a home birth and as a result of inadequate medical …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Caesarean, Child development, Children, Disabled, Emergency care, Handicapped, Health care technology, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Minor, Non-evidence based treatment, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Standard of care
Download Judgment: French

Doe v. County of Centre

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: 3rd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 242 F.3d 437 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to life
Facts:

Appellants, the Does, an interracial couple with an HIV-positive foster son (Adam), approached the Respondents, Centre County (the County), seeking to adopt another child through the County’s foster care program. The County had a statutory duty to investigate foster parent applications in order to preserve the physical and emotional health of foster children. The Does …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Child development, Children, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Physically challenged, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Ferguson v. City of Charleston

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 532 U.S. 67 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners were former patients who received obstetrical care at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), a public hospital in the city of Charleston, and who were arrested after testing positive for cocaine. In 1988, concerns arose among MUSC staff about an apparent increase in the use of cocaine by patients who were receiving prenatal …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cocaine, Compulsory testing, Crack cocaine, Drug abuse, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Hatton and Ors. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2001
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 36022/97, 34 Eur. H.R. Rep. 1 (2002).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

Eight applicants, all British citizens, lived on properties in the areas surrounding Heathrow Airport. They complained that United Kingdom’s “noise quota” policy introduced in 1993 allowing for increased flights and levels of noise at night and especially in the early morning interfered with their rights pursuant to Article 8 (right to respect for his or …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Minor, Pediatric health, Pollution
Download Judgment: English Albanian French

K. and T. v. Finland

Country: Finland
Year: 2001
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 25702/94; (2003) 36 EHRR 18; [2000] ECHR 173
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to family life
Facts:

Applicants were two Finnish Nationals, a mother (K.) and her cohabitant (T.). K., a diagnosed schizophrenic, had a history of hospitalization. At the time K. and T. began cohabitating in 1991, K.’s daughter (P.) and son (M.) were living with her. The children had different fathers, neither of whom was T. In 1992, custody of …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Compulsory commitment, Health facilities, Incapacity, Incompetence, Infant health, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Minor, Pediatric health, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English Albanian French

Monteserin, Marcelino v. Estado Nacional – Ministerio de Salud y Acción Social – Comisión Nacional Asesora para la Integración de Personas Discapacitadas – Servicio Nacional de Rehabilitación y Promoción de la Persona con Discapacidad

Country: Argentina
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación [CSJN] [National Supreme Court of Justice], 16/10/2001, "Monteserin, Marcelino c/ Estado Nacional - Ministerio de Salud y Acción Social - Comisión Nacional Asesora para la integración de Personas Discapacitadas - Servicio Nacional de Rehabilitación y Promoción de la Persona con Discapacidad s/ recurso de hecho," (M. 375. XXXVI) (Arg.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Adoptive father of child with cerebral paralysis brought case against the State of Argentina and its dependent agencies to force them to fulfill their obligations under Arts. 3 (second paragraph) and 4 of Law N° 24.901 (subsidized healthcare system) , and Art. 23 of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (Right of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Child development, Children, Disabled, Health spending, Low income, Minor, Poor
Download Judgment: English Spanish