103 judgments found.

Re Evelyn

Country: Australia
Year: 1998
Court: Family Court
Citation: (1998) 145 FLR 90; (1998) 23 Fam LR 53; (1998) FLC 92-807; [1998] FamCA 55
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life
Facts:

“Evelyn” was born to Mrs. S as a result of a surrogacy arrangement with Mr. and Mrs. Q. Mr. and Mrs. Q and Mr. and Mrs. S had been close friends for some years and had shared several joint holidays. Mrs. Q had discussed her infertility with Mrs. S and after much deliberation, Mrs. S …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Child development, Childbirth, Children, Family planning, Fertility, In utero fertilization, Infertility, Minor, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India and Others

Country: India
Year: 1997
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (1997) 10 SCC 549
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Occupational health, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to education, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Carpet industries in Uttar Pradesh employed children, under the age of 14, where they were “being treated as slaves” and were “subjected to physical torture.” This writ petition was filed in the Supreme Court under Article 32 as a public interest matter. The Court immediately commissioned a report to determine whether children under the age …Read more

Tags: Child development, Child labor, Children, Diet, Indigent, Informal economy, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Occupational health and safety, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Johansen v. Norway

Country: Norway
Year: 1996
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 24/1995/530/616, August 7, 1996
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

Johansen (J) gave birth to a son, C, in 1977 when she was seventeen years old and they became dependent on social assistance. From 1980 onwards she cohabited with a man who was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment for drug offences in 1983 and who mistreated her and C. The welfare authorities assisted J on …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Child development, Children, Domestic abuse, Domestic violence, Drug abuse, Drug use, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Minor, Substance abuse
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M.C. Mehta v. State of Tamil Nadu and others

Country: India
Year: 1996
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: AIR 1997 SC 699; (1996) 6 SCC 756; 1996 (9) SCALE 42; JT 1996 (11) SC 685
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Occupational health
Human Rights: Right to education, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to work
Facts:

The Petitioner was an individual concerned about the high rate of employment of children in the Match factories of Sivakasi in Kamaraj District of Tamil Nadu State. He contended that such employment was hazardous and unconstitutional. Being aggrieved, he filed a writ petition under Article 32 of the Constitution. The Respondent Government did not deny …Read more

Tags: Child development, Child labor, Children, Minor
Download Judgment: English

Stubbings and Ors. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1996
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 22083/93; 22095/93
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Stubbings was born in 1957, placed in the care of Mr. and Mrs. W by a local authority when she was  two years old, and adopted by them when she was three. She alleged that she was sexually assaulted by Mr. W and committed acts of indecency at his instigation on a number of occasions …Read more

Tags: Assault, Child development, Children, Domestic abuse, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault
Download Judgment: English

McMichael v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1995
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 16424/90, 20 Eur. H.R. Rep. 205 (1995).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Both applicants were living together as a couple and later got married. They both suffer from a history of mental illness. Mrs. McMichael gave birth to a son, A. She had a history of severe and recurrent mental illness and, on advice that the child would be at risk if he were to go home …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Minor, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Mónaco de Gallicchio v. Argentina

Country: Argentina
Year: 1995
Court: Human Rights Committee
Citation: Mónaco de Gallicchio v. Arg., U.N. H.R. Comm., U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/53/D/400/1990 (Apr. 27, 1995).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Grandmother of a child orphaned at the hands of the military government of Argentina who was then falsely adopted filed claims against the government citing ICCPR Articles 7 (freedom from torture, including psychological), 23 (family) and 24 (child protections) rights violations. Ximena Vicario’s parents disappeared when she was 9 months old and she was cared …Read more

Tags: Child development, Forced disappearance, Health records, Medical records, Psychology, Torture
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Drbal v. Czech Republic

Country: Czech Republic
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No 498/1992
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

Drbal (D) had not complied with a court order giving custody of his daughter to her mother because, in his view, she was mentally ill and aggressive. An attempt to take away the child by force had also failed. He complained about the bias of the court’s chairman and the disregard of the medical evidence …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Domestic abuse, Mental disorder, Minor
Download Judgment: English

Attorney General v. X

Country: Ireland
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1992] 1 IR 1 (5th March, 1992)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

The first defendant was a fourteen and a half year old girl who became pregnant after being raped by a family friend. Her parents (second and third defendants) reported the rape to the police and inquired whether there was a process available to test the paternity of the fetus before the defendants aborted the pregnancy …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Depression, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Molestation, Pediatric health, Pregnancy, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Suicide, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Planned Parenthood v. Casey

Country: United States
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 505 U.S. 833 (1992)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Planned Parenthood brought suit challenging the Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982 (the Act) in federal court on constitutional grounds. The Act included the following requirements for women seeking an abortion in Pennsylvania: A woman seeking an abortion must give her informed consent prior to the abortion procedure, and she must provide certain information at …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Parental consent, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Spousal notification, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English