Ioniță v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 81270/12
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants’ minor son underwent surgery for the removal of a polyp in a public emergency hospital. The child was transferred to the ICU unit under a staff nurse who had assisted in the surgery. Due to a hemorrhage and a number of failed attempts to resuscitate, the child died. There were contrary reports of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Child mortality, Children, Clinics, Compensation, Damages, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health data, Health facilities, Health records, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Infant health, Infant mortality, Medical records, Minor, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-pecuniary damage, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Primary care, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing, Tort, Unauthorized treatment
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Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust v. C and V

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Protection
Citation: [2015] EWCOP 80
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Kings College Hospital challenged respondent C’s ability to decide to end life-saving treatment, effectively choosing to die, by alleging that she lacked mental capacity. C had attempted to commit suicide by ingesting 60 paracetamol tablets with champagne.  She made this decision shortly after undergoing  treatment for breast cancer and ending of a long term …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Incapacity, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals, Suicide, Unauthorized treatment
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L.G v. Republic of Korea

Country: South Korea
Year: 2015
Court: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Citation: Communication No. 51/2012; U.N. Doc. CERD/C/86/D/51/2012
Health Topics: Controlled substances, HIV/AIDS, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

L.G, a New Zealand national, was employed as an English teacher in the Republic of Korea. She held an E-2 working visa for “native speaker conversation instructors.” Korea required all persons holding an E-2 working visa to undergo testing for HIV/AIDS and illegal drugs at a government hospital before they could register as alien residents …Read more

Tags: Compulsory testing, Drug use, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People who use drugs
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Lambert and Ors. v. France

Country: France
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 46043/14
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants appealed a decision to terminate artificial nutrition and hydration for their son, who was in a chronic vegetative state. In 2013, Mr. Lambert’s doctor and wife initiated proceedings to terminate care under the Act of 22 April 2005 (“Act”), which amended provisions of the Public Health Code (“Code”). However, the applicants received an …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health regulation, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
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Looney v. Moore

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: District Court for the Northern District of Alabama
Citation: No. 2:13-CV-00733-KOB, 2015 WL 4773747 (N.D. Ala. Aug. 13, 2015)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Facts:

The infant Plaintiffs in this case were part of the Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomized Trial (SUPPORT), a clinical research trial aimed at measuring the effects of oxygen saturation levels in premature infants with low birth weights, at the University of Alabama-Birmingham Hospital. For the trial, participants were randomly assigned into groups, and the …Read more

Tags: Child mortality, Children, Clinical trials, Inadequate treatment, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Standard of care, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

A.X. -v- The Mental Health Tribunal & Anr.

Country: Iceland
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Ireland
Citation: [2014] IEHC 592
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

This is a case about the applicant challenging an order from Mental Health Tribunal (“the Tribunal”) that demanded her involuntary admission to St. John of God’s Hospital (“the Hospital”) for treatment of a mental disorder. On April 28th, 2014, a member of An Garda Síochána detained the applicant because there were sufficient grounds to believe …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Confinement, Health facilities, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary examination, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory examination, Mandatory testing, Mandatory treatment, Mental disorder, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Atudorei v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 50131/08
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Atudorei, a Romanian citizen, alleged that, from an early age, she has been subjected to continued physical and psychological abuse by her parents. The abuse had escalated after they discovered that she attended yoga classes organised by the Movement for Spiritual Integration into the Absolute (MISA), an organisation that was targeted by the police and …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Chief Executive of the Department of Corrections v. All Means All

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2014
Court: High Court
Citation: [2014] NZHC 1433
Health Topics: Informed consent, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

In this case, the Chief Executive of the Department of Corrections (“Department”) and the Canterbury District Health Board (“DHB”) sought a declaration of their rights and duties when providing medical treatment to prisoners. Specifically, they wished to receive a declaration that they have a right to provide medical treatment by way of artificial hydration and …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

I.V. v. Bolivia (Merits)

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 72/14, Case 12.655; Merits I.V. BOLIVIA; August 15, 2014
Health Topics: Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

I.V. went to a hospital for a cesarean section and was sterilized by her doctor. She alleged that the only questions that the doctor had asked her before the procedure were where she had her first cesarean section and whether she had previously had an infection. I.V. maintained that she was not given any information …Read more

Tags: Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
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L.H. v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 52019/07
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant gave birth by Caesarean section in the Cesis District Central Hospital (Cesis Hospital) in 1997. The surgeon conducting the Caesarean section performed a tubal ligation (surgical contraception) without the applicant’s consent. The applicant commenced civil proceedings against the hospital to recover damages for the unauthorized procedure. Ultimately, in December 2006, the applicant’s claim …Read more

Tags: Caesarian, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Forced sterilization, Health records, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Medical records, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Notification, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English
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