17 judgments found.

Community of San Mateo de Huanchor v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2004
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 69/04, Case 504/03, October 15, 2004; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.122 Doc. 5 rev. 1 at 487, 23 February 2005
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to property
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged Peru failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention). The Petitioner was the National Coordinator of Communities of Peru Affected by Mining (CONACAMI), representing members of the Community of San Mateo de Huanchor, in their claim that the State …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Contamination, Indigenous groups, Minor, Pediatric health, Pollution, Toxic waste
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The Social and Economic Rights Action Center, et al. v. Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2001
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 155/96 (2001).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The applicant alleged that the military government of Nigeria (Government), in its efforts to produce oil through the State-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC), contaminated the environment of the Ogoni People and led to environmental degradation and health problems among that community. More specifically, the applicant claimed that the NNPC, acting within a consortium with …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cancer, Clean water, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food shortages, Forced displacement, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Military, Pollution, Potable water, Pulmonary diseases, Refugees, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Skin disease, Toxic waste, Water pollution
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Guerra and Ors. v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 1998
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 14967/89; (1998) 26 EHRR 357; [1998] ECHR 7
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Residents of Manfredonia brought an action against the Italian government for failing to provide them with information about the health risks posed by a nearby chemical factory. The residents of Manfredonia lived approximately one kilometer away from the Enichem chemical factory. The factory, which produced fertilizers and caprolactam, was classified as “high risk,” because it …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Cleanliness, Contamination, Industrial waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
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In re: Human Rights Case (Environmental Pollution in Balochistan)

Country: Pakistan
Year: 1994
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: PLD 1994 SC 102
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Supreme Court of Pakistan took suo moto cognizance of a news report in the English daily “Dawn” titled “N-Waste to be dumped in Balochistan?” The article stated that coastal areas in the Balochistan region were being acquired for the purposes of dumping nuclear and industrial waste. The Court had earlier directed the Chief Secretary …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Industrial waste, Nuclear radiation, Pollution, Toxic waste
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Subhash Kumar v. State of Bihar and others

Country: India
Year: 1991
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: A.I.R. 1991 S.C. 420 (India).
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner, an influential businessman, filed a public interest litigation claim against two iron and steel companies, which the petitioner claimed had created health risks by dumping surplus waste from factory washeries in the form of sludge and slurry into the nearby Bokaro river. According to the petitioner, the sludge and slurry had been deposited …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial hygiene, Industrial waste, Toxic waste, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

M.C. Mehta v. Union of India and Ors (Oleum Gas Case 3)

Country: India
Year: 1986
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1987 AIR 1086; 1987 SCR (1) 819; 1987 SCC (1) 395; JT 1987 (1) 1; 1986 SCALE (2) 1188
Health Topics: Environmental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Shriram Foods and Fertiliser Plant, Delhi (Shriram) was situated amidst a population of 200,000 people. It manufactured items such as glycerin soap, and technical hard oil. The petitioner, M.C. Mehta, filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court to obtain an order for closure of the plant and its relocation to an area where it …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Pollution, Poor, Toxic waste, Underprivileged, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

E.H.P. v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1982
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 67/1980, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/OP/1 at 20
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This communication was filed by the chairperson of the Port Hope Environmental Group on behalf of the residents of Port Hope, Ontario, Canada. From 1945 to 1952, Eldorado Nuclear Ltd., a federal Crown Corporation, disposed of nuclear waste in dumpsites within Port Hope, a town of 10,000 people. In 1975, large-scale pollution of residences and …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Cancer, Contamination, Genetic disease, Industrial waste, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English
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