30 judgments found.

Dr. K.C. Malhotra v. State of Madhya Pradesh and Ors

Country: India
Year: 1993
Court: High Court - Madhya Pradesh
Citation: AIR 1994 MP 48
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Petitioner, a medical practitioner, filed a petition requesting that the court direct the State of Madhya Pradesh and the Municipal Corporation, Gwalior to clean up the open drains, dirt, and contaminated water and rubbish which the petitioner claimed resulted in the spread of a cholera epidemic. The Municipal Corporation claimed that it performed it obligatory …Read more

Tags: Children, Cholera, Drinking water, Minor, Pediatric health, Pollution, Sewage, Trash, Waste management, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

M.C. Mehta v. Union of India (Kanpur Tanneries)

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1988 AIR 1115; 1988 SCR (2) 530; 1988 SCC (1) 471; JT 1988 (1) 69
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Due to discharge of untreated effluents in the Ganga river, the water of the river was rendered unsafe for drinking, fishing and bathing purposes, essentially creating a public nuisance. In M.C. Mehta v. Union of India & ors., ((1987) 4 S.C.C. 463), the Court had held the city municipality, Kanpur Nagar Mahapalika (Mahapalika), responsible for …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Cleanliness, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Malaria, Pollution, Sewage, Typhoid, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Rakesh Chandra Narayan v. State of Bihar and Others

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1989 AIR 348; 1988 SCR Supl. (3) 306; 1989 SCC Supl. (1) 644; JT 1988 (4) 233; 1988 SCALE (2) 965
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines, Mental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Facts:

In 1985 the Petitioners wrote a letter to the Court regarding the deteriorating state of the Ranchi Mansik Arogyashala, a mental hospital (the Hospital) in Bihar. The Court treated it as a public interest litigation under Article 32 of the Constitution. The Court directed the Chief Judicial Magistrate to visit the Hospital and submit a …Read more

Tags: Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Malnutrition, Mental illness, Mental institution, Pharmaceuticals, Public hospitals, Sewage, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Vikram v. State of Bihar

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1988 AIR 1782; 1988 SCR Supl. (1) 755;1988 SCC Supl. 734; JT 1988 (3) 186; 1988 SCALE (2) 325
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Mental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This writ petition had been filed in the Supreme Court under Article 32 of the Constitution (right to move the Supreme Court for violation of fundamental rights), as a result of a letter outlining the condition of women in a “care home.” It was alleged in the letter that female inmates were made to live …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Diet, Health facilities, Malnutrition, Mental disability, Mental illness, Mental institution, Primary care, Sewage
Download Judgment: English

L.K. Koolwal v. State of Rajasthan and Ors

Country: India
Year: 1986
Court: High Court - Rajasthan
Citation: AIR 1988 Raj 2; 1987 (1) WLN 134
Health Topics: Environmental health, Health information, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to life
Facts:

LK Koolwal, the Petitioner, sought to enforce the Rajasthan Municipalities Act, 1959 (the Act) in the city of Jaipur. Under the Act, the Municipality has a duty to clean public places of all filth. The Petitioner contended that several areas in Jaipur were frought with sanitation problems and the Municipality was not performing its duties …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Freedom of information, Pollution, Sewage, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Dowdell, et al. v. The City of Apopka, Florida et al.

Country: United States
Year: 1983
Court: United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
Citation: 698 F.2d 1181 (1983)
Health Topics: Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

A group of African-American residents filed a class action lawsuit in Federal District Court against the City of Apopka, Florida (the “City”), which alleged that the City had violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the State and Local Assistance Act of 1972 …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage
Download Judgment: English

Municipal Council, Ratlam v. Vardichan and Ors

Country: India
Year: 1980
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1980 AIR 1622; 1981 SCR (1) 97; 1980 SCC (4) 162
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Both the prosperous and poor people of New Road, Ratlam were victims of extremely inadequate basic public sanitation facilities, fluid discharge of a local alcohol plant and overflow of storm water to the street. This resulted in various types of septic fluids flowing openly and constantly in the street, and consequently the street’s sanitation was …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Cleanliness, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Malaria, Pollution, Poor, Sewage, Underprivileged, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Ramos v. Lamm

Country: United States
Year: 1980
Court: 10th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 639 F.2d 559 (1980)
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to food, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case was an appeal by the State of Colorado (“Colorado”) and Colorado prison officials, challenging an order from the Colorado Federal District Court directing the State of Colorado to close the maximum security unit of the Colorado State Penitentiary at Canon City (“Old Max”). Inmate Fidel Ramos filed a complaint alleging that the conditions …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assault, Budget, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Emergency care, Food, Food safety, Garbage, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Imprisonment, Inappropriate treatment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Misdiagnosis, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

People of the Philippines v. Juanito Solon

Country: Philippines
Year: 1960
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: G.R. No. L-14864
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

Juanito Solon was convicted and fined (with subsidiary imprisonment in case of insolvency) for having violated Cebu City Ordinance No. 241 (the Ordinance). The Ordinance required drivers of vehicle-drawing animals to properly dispose of the waste discharged by their vehicle-drawing animals while traveling City roads. Solon challenged his conviction on the grounds that the Ordinance …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Contamination, Pollution, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Seng Kee & Co. v. Earnshaw, et al.

Country: Philippines
Year: 1931
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: G.R. No. L-34976
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to property
Facts:

Petitioner Seng Kee & Co. owned a toyo factory in Manila. The manufacture of toyo involved fermenting beans, adding brown sugar, and then cooking the mixture over a slow fire for several hours. During fermentation, the beans were laid out for several days and the fermented beans and the presence of vast quantities of coarse …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Contamination, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English