91 judgments found.

National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius

Country: United States
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 132 S. Ct. 2566 (2012)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to property
Facts:

After significant political struggles, the US Congress enacted the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2010. This act had two components, 1) it obligated individuals to maintain “‘minimum essential’ health insurance coverage” through an individual mandate, 2) it contained an expansion of the federal Medicaid program that is run by US states. The constitutionality …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor
Download Judgment: English

Stanev v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 36760/06
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Mental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

S, an adult male diagnosed with schizophrenia, lived for many years with his half-sister and step-mother, his closest living relatives, before they applied in 2000 to the Ruse Regional Court to have S declared legally incapacitated. The court declared S only partially incapacitated. S’s family refused to accept guardianship for S, and the court instead …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Examination, Food, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Incompetence, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Low income, Malnutrition, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Poor, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Alyne da Silva Pimentel Teixeira v. Brazil

Country: Brazil
Year: 2011
Court: Committee for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
Citation: Communication No. 17/2008; UN Doc. CEDAW/C/49/D/17/2008
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The author of the communication, the mother of a woman who had died during childbirth, claimed that Brazilian authorities had not ensured access to quality medical treatment during her daughter’s delivery in violation of nondiscrimination provisions of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). More specifically, the author of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Clinics, Diagnostics, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health funding, Health records, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Medical records, Miscarriage, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Poor, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Case 57/PUU-VIII/2010

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

On April 3, 2010, the Indonesian Government filed the Budget Amendment Bill of 2010 in Parliament. On May 3, 2010, a Plenary Session of the House of Representatives passed an amendment to the National Budget entitled Law No. 2 of 2010 Concerning the Amendment to Law No. 47 of 2009 Regarding the National Budget for …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health promotion, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Court on Its Own Motion v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2011
Court: High Court - Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 5913/2010
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Delhi High Court made its own motion because of a newspaper report about a destitute woman who died on a busy street while giving birth to a baby girl. The girl had been struggling for life at a foster home named Udayan which was located in Delhi. The Court had subsequently issued directions to …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Childbirth, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health facilities, Health promotion, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Ntombentsha Beja v. Premier of the Western Cape

Country: South Africa
Year: 2011
Court: Western Cape High Court, Cape Town
Citation: Case No. 21332/10
Health Topics: Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to housing, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The City of Cape Town entered into an agreement with the individual members of the community for building over 1300 toilets. The City authorities stated that the residents would enclose the toilets themselves if the City provided one toilet per household. The Applicants argued that due to lack of finances, most of the toilets were …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Degrading treatment, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Underprivileged, Waste
Download Judgment: English

Premlata v. Government of NCT Delhi

Country: India
Year: 2011
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P. (C) 7687/2010 & CM APPL 6265/2011
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Right to food, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The issues presented in this case involved citizens living in poverty and the gaps in essential services provided by the government. The first issue was the availability of cash assistance to new mothers. The petitioners alleged that, per past orders of the Supreme Court, benefits should be made available to them under both the National …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Budget, Food, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Starvation, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Case 108-2010-R

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2010
Court: Tribunal Constitucional de Bolivia [Constitutional Tribunal of Bolivia]
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A constitutional amparo (writ of injunctive relief) petition was brought the petitioner on behalf of his minor daughter against the Department Director of the Sexually Transmitted Infections/A.I.D.S. (“STI/AIDS”) Program, alleging violations of his daughter’s rights to life, to health, to “legal certainty,” and to petition, as guaranteed by the Bolivian Constitution. The petitioner’s daughter lived …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Essential medicines, Health expenditures, Health funding, HIV, HIV positive, Indigent, Low income, Minor, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case AI 773049/RS

Country: Brazil
Year: 2010
Court: Federal Supreme Court
Citation: AI 773049/RS, Supremo Tribunal Federal [Federal Supreme Court] (2010).
Health Topics: Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Superior Court of Justice found that the State of Rio Grande do Sul had the obligation of providing the plaintiff in the case with medication free of charge because the plaintiff could not afford it. The court founded its decision on the constitutional rights to life, health, and human dignity.The state refused to comply …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Essential medicines, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Pricing, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: Portuguese

Case AI 826577/RS

Country: Brazil
Year: 2010
Court: Federal Supreme Court
Citation: AI 826577/RS, Supremo Tribunal Federal [Federal Supreme Court] (2010).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Medicines, Mental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Court of Justice found that the State of Rio Grande do Sul was responsible for providing medications, free of charge, to those who need them but are unable to afford them. In accordance with in accordance with Article 196 (right to health) and 23 (state and federal governments’ obligations to provide for health and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Bipolar, Depression, Essential medicines, Indigent, Low income, Mental disability, Mental illness, Paranoia, Poor, Schizophrenia, Suicide, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: Portuguese