96 judgments found.

NASA v. Nelson

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 746 (2011)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case involved a challenge to background checks for government jobs on the basis of constitutional privacy.  Nelson and twenty-seven other federal contract employees, working for NASA at a government laboratory at the California Institute of Technology, claimed that two elements of a standard employment background investigation violated their constitutional rights:  a questionnaire that asked …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health data, Health information, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure, People who use drugs, Secrecy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Rt 2011 s 1433

Country: Norway
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Employment and Social Welfare Department v A ( Case No. HR-2011-2072-A)
Health Topics: Health information, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

A doctor was ordered to disclose the medical records of 12 patients, including the plaintiff. The doctor appealed the order to the Labor and Welfare Agency, which rejected the appeal. The plaintiff appealed the same order, but was also rejected since the order was not an “individual decision” making the plaintiff deemed to not be …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Sorrell v. IMS Health

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 2653 (2011)
Health Topics: Health information, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to privacy
Facts:

Pharmacies, “as a matter of business routine and federal law, receive prescriber-identifying information when processing prescriptions.” This “[k]nowledge of a physician’s prescription practices—called prescriber-identifying information,’” enables marketers representing pharmaceutical drug manufacturers (Detailers) to better “ascertain which doctors are likely to be interested in a particular drug and how best to present a particular sales message.” …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Generic drugs, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Baldivieso, César Alejandro s/ causa n° 4733

Country: Argentina
Year: 2010
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: B. 436. XL.
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The plaintiff, Cesar Alejandro Baldivieso, felt sick and so he went to a public hospital were doctors found that he had ingested capsules containing cocaine. The doctors passed along this information to police officers working at the hospital. As a result of this disclosure, Baldivieso was prosecuted and found guilty of drug trafficking by the Federal …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Cocaine, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Health care professionals, Law enforcement, Non-disclosure, Notification, Police, Public hospitals, Secrecy
Download Judgment: Spanish

Seaton v. Mayberg

Country: United States
Year: 2010
Court: 9th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 610 F.3d 530 (2010)
Health Topics: Health information, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, Seaton, an inmate, brought suit against the director of the California Department of Mental Health, the administrator of a state hospital, and two psychologists, alleging that they violated his constitutional right to privacy when they examined and communicated their opinions about his medical records to the district attorney’s office in the period before …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Confidentiality, Detention, Disclosure, Health data, Health information, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Medical records, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-disclosure, Psychiatry, Psychology, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Biriuk v. Lithuania

Country: Lithuania
Year: 2009
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23373/03
Facts:

The largest Lithuanian daily in an article titled “Pasvalys villages paralysed by the fear of death: residents of the remote Lithuanian area shackled by the AIDS threat” stated about Ms. Biriuk that she was notoriously promiscuous and that she had HIV. They also stated that she came to be infected with HIV by drug users. …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Testing
Download Judgment: English Lithuanian

J.S.C.H., et al. v. Mexico

Country: Mexico
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 02/09, Petitions 302-04 and 386-04, February 4, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged Mexico failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to equal protection of the law and the right to humane treatment. J.S.C.H. and M.G.S. were discharged from the Mexican Army because of their HIV …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Compulsory testing, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, First-line treatment, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Medical records, Military, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Szuluk v. The United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 36936/05
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, an inmate in prison, appealed to the European Court of Human Rights because he wanted to correspond privately with an external medical specialist. In 2001, the applicant suffered a brain hemorrhage while he was on bail awaiting trial for a conspiracy to sell drugs. He underwent surgery twice before being discharged to prison. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health care professionals, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail
Download Judgment: English

Armoniene v. Lithuania

Country: Lithuania
Year: 2008
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case Number 36919/02
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant died during the pendency of proceedings at the Appellate stage. Prior to his death, the largest Lithuanian daily in an article titled “Pasvalys villages paralysed by the fear of death: residents of the remote Lithuanian area shackled by the AIDS threat” stated that the applicant’s husband was a victim of AIDS and that …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Diagnostics, Disclosure, HIV, HIV positive, People living with HIV/ AIDS, PLHIV, Right to Privacy, Testing
Download Judgment: English Lithuanian

I v. Finland

Country: Finland
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 20511/03
Health Topics: Health information
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant was a nurse from 1989 to 1994 at the same public hospital where she sought treatment after being diagnosed as HIV-positive in 1987. All hospital staff had access to the patient register, which contained information on patients’ diagnoses. In 1992, the applicant became suspicious that her colleagues became aware of her diagnosis through …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Electronic health information, Electronic health records, Health data, Health records, Medical records
Download Judgment: English