95 judgments found.

R v. Dyment

Country: Canada
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: [1988] 2 SCR 417
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy

The respondent had an accident and suffered a head laceration. A police officer drove the respondent to the hospital where the doctor collected free-flowing blood for medical purposes from the respondent who was unconscious. He gave the blood to a police officer who did not have a search warrant or patient consent. The patient was …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health data, Involuntary testing, Law enforcement, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Police, Secrecy, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Multnomah County Medical Society v. Scott

Country: United States
Year: 1987
Court: 9th Circuit Court of Appeals
Citation: 825 F.2d 1410 (1987)
Health Topics: Health information, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to privacy

The Multnomah County Medical Society (the Medical Society) filed an action under § 552 of the Freedom of Information Act 1966 (FOIA) to compel James Scott, the deputy administrator of the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) tasked with the administration of the State Medicare program, to disclose the names and addresses of all Medicare beneficiaries …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Electronic health records, Health data, Health information, Health regulation, Medical records, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Gillick v. West Norfolk and Wisbech Area Health Authority and Anr.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1985
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [1985] 3 All ER 402
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life

The Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS) issued a memorandum of guidance to local health authorities that stated that, inter alia, “consultations between doctors and patients are confidential,” even for children less than 16. The memorandum noted that while “it would be most unusual,” a doctor could advise the child regarding contraception without parental …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Birth control, Child development, Children, Confidentiality, Contraception, Contraceptives, Criminalization, Health education, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

United States v. Westinghouse Electric Corporation

Country: United States
Year: 1980
Court: 3rd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 638 F.2d 570 (3d Cir. 1980)
Health Topics: Health information, Occupational health
Human Rights: Right to favorable working conditions, Right to privacy

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) began a health hazard evaluation of a Westinghouse Electric Corporation plant in Pennsylvania after receiving a request from an authorized union representative from Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Physicians and an industrial hygienist employed by NIOSH did walk-through inspections of the plant. The inspecting physicians suspected that the …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, Health data, Health records, Industrial hygiene, Job safety, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Notification, Occupational disease, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Safe working conditions, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Whalen v. Roe

Country: United States
Year: 1977
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 429 U.S. 589 (1977)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information
Human Rights: Right to privacy

The Respondents, a group of individual patients, doctors and physician associations, challenged the constitutionality of the New York State Controlled Substances Act of 1972 (‘Act’). Certain provisions of the Act required that all prescriptions for Schedule II drugs (dangerous but permissible medication) be prepared by the physician in triplicate on an official form.The completed form …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Electronic health records, Health data, Health information, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English