70 judgments found.

R v. Park

Country: Canada
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: [1992] 2 S.C.R. 871
Health Topics: Mental health, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Parkes attacked his parents-in-law at their home. The attack resulted into the death of one and severe injury to the other. After the attack, he drove to a police station to report what he had done. Parkes was charged with first-degree murder and attempted murder. At trial, his defense was automatism i.e. sleep walking. He …Read more

Tags: Insanity, Mental competence, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

R v Swain

Country: Canada
Year: 1991
Court: Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: [1991] 1 RCS
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Swain was arrested and charged with assault and aggravated assault. Due to his bizarre conduct during the incident and at the time of his arrest, Swain was transferred from jail to a mental health centre before trial. His condition improved with medication, and he was conditionally released into the community before trial. Swain continued to …Read more

Tags: Assault, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Custody, Detention, Domestic abuse, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Threat of violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

W v. Egdell

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1990
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1989] EWCA Civ 13; [1990] 2 WLR 471; [1990] Ch 359; [1990] 1 All ER 835
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

W pled guilty to manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility for the indiscriminate killing of several people. He was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and was detained indefinitely in mental hospitals. A Mental Health Tribunal recommended W’s transfer to a regional secure unit (“RSU”) in 1984. The Secretary of State refused to consent to W’s …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Examination, Health records, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Law enforcement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Medical records, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-disclosure, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Eriksson v. Sweden

Country: Sweden
Year: 1989
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 11373/85, 12 Eur. H.R. Rep. 183 (1990).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant and her daughter Lisa are Swedish nationals. Lisa was taken into public care shortly after her birth on the ground that the conditions in their home were unsatisfactory. Later on an appeal the court terminated the public care, but prohibited for an indefinite period the removal of Lisa from the foster home pursuant to …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Minor, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English French

X v. The United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1981
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 7215/75, 4 Eur. H.R. Rep. 188 (1982).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a United Kingdom national who had previously been diagnosed with having a paranoid psychosis, claimed that the United Kingdom unlawfully deprived him of his liberty when authorities forcibly recalled him to a hospital for the criminally insane in which he had completed a prior sentence for a violent crime. At the time of …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Jail, Mandatory confinement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Torture
Download Judgment: English French

Ramos v. Lamm

Country: United States
Year: 1980
Court: 10th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 639 F.2d 559 (1980)
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to food, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case was an appeal by the State of Colorado (“Colorado”) and Colorado prison officials, challenging an order from the Colorado Federal District Court directing the State of Colorado to close the maximum security unit of the Colorado State Penitentiary at Canon City (“Old Max”). Inmate Fidel Ramos filed a complaint alleging that the conditions …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assault, Budget, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Emergency care, Food, Food safety, Garbage, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Imprisonment, Inappropriate treatment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Misdiagnosis, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Winterwerp v. Netherlands

Country: Netherlands
Year: 1979
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 6301/73; (1979) 2 EHRR 387; [1979] ECHR 4
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Winterwerp brought an action against the Netherlands following his detention in a psychiatric hospital. Winterwerp was committed to a psychiatric hospital in accordance with the emergency procedure then in force under the Act on State Supervision of Mentally Ill Persons. Six weeks later, during Winterwerp’s emergency detention, his wife applied for his provisional detention at …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Detainee, Detention, Incompetence, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Psychology

Wyatt v. Stickney

Country: United States
Year: 1972
Court: Federal District Court of Alabama
Citation: 325 F.Supp. 781 (1971)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Plaintiffs, the guardians of patients confined at Bryce Hospital, Alabama (the Hospital) and certain employees of the Alabama Mental Health Board assigned to the Hospital, requested an order of reference for an authoritative determination of standards of the adequacy of the current and future mental treatment employed by the Hospital in effecting the right to …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Primary care, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Rouse v. Cameron (No. 2)

Country: United States
Year: 1967
Court: District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals
Citation: 387 F.2d 241 (1967)
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Petitioner Rouse brought this habeas corpus action alleging that he had been unlawfully committed to a hospital for the mentally ill because he had not voluntarily and knowingly introduced the insanity defense or authorized his attorney to do so during his trial on a misdemeanor charge of carrying a weapon without a license. When he …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

Rouse v. Cameron (No. 1)

Country: United States
Year: 1966
Court: District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals
Citation: 373 F.2d 451 (1966)
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

In 1962, Appellant Rouse was involuntarily committed to a mental hospital pursuant to D.C. Code § 24-301 after being found not guilty by reason of insanity of carrying a dangerous weapon, a misdemeanor for which the maximum imprisonment was one year. Rouse challenged his commitment on grounds of habeas corpus; he had been confined for …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English
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