198 judgments found.

Velasquez Rodriguez v. Honduras

Country: Honduras
Year: 1988
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Series C No. 4, July 29 1989
Health Topics: Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

This case considered the practice of “forced disappearances” by the Government of Honduras, which included secret surveillance, kidnapping and executions. The Court found as proved that “[d]uring the period 1981 to 1984, 100 to 150 persons disappeared in the Republic of Honduras, and many were never heard from again.” It recognized patterns in these disappearances …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Forced disappearance, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Military, Police, Torture
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Ford v. Wainwright

Country: United States
Year: 1986
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 477 U.S. 399 (1986)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The Appellant, Ford, was convicted of murder in a Florida state court and sentenced to death in 1974. There was no suggestion that he was incompetent at the time of the offense, at trial, or at sentencing. However in 1982, Ford began to manifest gradual changes in behavior, which, based on a psychiatric examination, indicated …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Velasquez Rodriguez v. Honduras

Country: Honduras
Year: 1986
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Resolution No. 22/86, Case 7920, April 18, 1986, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.68 Doc. 8 rev. 1, 26 September 1986
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Angel Manfredo Velasquez Rodriguez (“AMVR”), a UNAH student, was arrested without warrant in Tegucigalpa on September 12, 1981. Eyewitnesses saw members of the National Investigation Directorate and G-2 (Intelligence) of the Armed Forces of Honduras apprehend and take AMVR to an unknown location. On September 9, 1981, the Government of Honduras recognized the jurisdiction of …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Forced disappearance, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Military, Militias, Police, Torture
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X v. The United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1981
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 7215/75, 4 Eur. H.R. Rep. 188 (1982).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a United Kingdom national who had previously been diagnosed with having a paranoid psychosis, claimed that the United Kingdom unlawfully deprived him of his liberty when authorities forcibly recalled him to a hospital for the criminally insane in which he had completed a prior sentence for a violent crime. At the time of …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Jail, Mandatory confinement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Torture
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Winterwerp v. Netherlands

Country: Netherlands
Year: 1979
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 6301/73; (1979) 2 EHRR 387; [1979] ECHR 4
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Winterwerp brought an action against the Netherlands following his detention in a psychiatric hospital. Winterwerp was committed to a psychiatric hospital in accordance with the emergency procedure then in force under the Act on State Supervision of Mentally Ill Persons. Six weeks later, during Winterwerp’s emergency detention, his wife applied for his provisional detention at …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Detainee, Detention, Incompetence, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Psychology

Estelle v. Gamble

Country: United States
Year: 1976
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 429 U.S. 97 (1976)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The Respondent, Gamble, an inmate in a state correctional facility, brought suit challenging the actions of the appellants, medical personnel at the facility, claiming they had subjected him to cruel and unusual punishment for inadequate treatment of a back injury suffered while he was undertaking prison work. After sustaining the injury, Gamble was seen by …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Secondary care, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Francisco C. De La Rama v. The People’s Court

Country: Philippines
Year: 1946
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: G.R. No. L-982
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Petitioner was an accused seeking bail on the grounds of ill health. In the meantime, he had filed a motion asking for permission to be confined and treated in a hospital while the bail petition was being considered. The People’s Court ordered that the Petitioner be temporarily confined and treated in the Quezon Institute, …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Indigent, Inmate, Low income, Lung disease, Poor, TB, Testing, Tuberculosis
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Skinner v. Oklahoma

Country: United States
Year: 1942
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 316 U.S. 535 (1942)
Health Topics: Informed consent, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Petitioner brought a constitutional challenge to provisions of Oklahoma’s Habitual Criminal Sterilization Act of 1935 (the Act), which permitted sentences of compulsory sterilization for “habitual offenders” in crimes involving “moral turpitude.”  Pursuant to section 195 of the Act, the same sentence did not extend to white-collar crimes, defined as those “offenses arising out of the …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Detention, Forced treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Involuntary treatment, Jail, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Sterilization
Download Judgment: English