201 judgments found.

Pennsylvania v. Yeskey

Country: United States
Year: 1998
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 524 U.S. 206 (1998)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The Respondent, Yeskey, brought this claim against Pennsylvania’s Department of Corrections alleging that his exclusion from a prison Motivational Boot Camp because of his medical history of hypertension violated the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). ADA Title II prohibited a “public entity” from discriminating, excluding or denying benefits to a “qualified individual with …Read more

Tags: Detainee, Detention, Handicapped, Heart disease, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English

B and Others v. Minister of Correctional Services and Others

Country: South Africa
Year: 1997
Court: High Court - Cape of Good Hope Provincial Division
Citation: 1997 (4) SA 441 (C); 1997 (6) BCLR 789 (C)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

The Applicants were four prisoners living with HIV. They sought an order declaring that prisoners living with HIV who had reached the symptomatic stage of the disease and whose CD4 counts was less than 500 per milliliter of blood were entitled to receive appropriate antiretroviral treatment at the Government’s expense. They noted that Section 35(2)(e) …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Custody, Detention, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Johnson v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1997
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 22520/93, 27 Eur. H.R. Rep. 296 (1999).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Applicant was a British national suffering from mental illness whilst on prison remand in 1984. He had served sentences for various physical assault convictions. The court imposed a hospital order on the applicant and subjected him to a heightened restriction order for the protection of the public from serious harm under the 1983 Mental Health …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory confinement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

Loayza-Tamayo v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 1997
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

Loayza Tamayo (L) had allegedly been confined in a tiny prison cell for twenty-three and a half hours a day for one year. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights had requested provisional measures whereby Peru would be requested to end her solitary confinement and incommunicado detention and to return her to the pavilion of the prison …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Jail, Prison conditions, Seclusion, Solitary confinement, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Aksoy v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 1996
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Judgment of the ECtHR, 18 December 1996
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Medical malpractice, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Aksoy (A) claimed that in November 1992 he was taken into custody by twenty policemen after M (another detainee with them) had allegedly identified him as a member of the PKK which was engaged in a conflict with security forces for Kurdish autonomy. This conflict had resulted in nearly 8,000 deaths and there was a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humiliating treatment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Law enforcement, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English French

Chinamora v Angwa Furnishers (PVT) Ltd, et al. (Attorney-General intervening)

Country: Zimbabwe
Year: 1996
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1997 (2) BCLR 189 (ZS), [1997] 1 LRC 149, (1996) 2 CHRLD 100
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The first respondent had obtained a default judgment against the applicant and a warrant of execution against his property in respect of a debt but was unable to satisfy the judgment debt because the applicant had by that time divested himself of all property. The first respondent then took out a summons calling upon the …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Prison conditions
Download Judgment:

Organisation Mondiale Contre la Torture, et al. v. Rwanda

Country: Rwanda
Year: 1996
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2000) AHRLR 282 (ACHPR 1996); Communications 27/89, 49/91 and 99/93
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Various communications alleged that: (1) Burundian nationals, who had been refugees in Rwanda for several years, were told they had one month to leave the country as they were considered national risks risks due to their “subversive activities”. The refugees were not able to challenge the expulsion in court (2) arbitrary arrests and summary executions …Read more

Tags: Detainee, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Sahadath v. Trinidad and Tobago

Country: Trinidad and Tobago
Year: 1996
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 684/1996, CCPR/C/74/D/684/1996
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

R.S. was convicted of murder and sentenced to death. On 8 March 1996, the same day that five other warrants of execution were read (although the prison was only equipped to handle two executions a day), R.S. was read a warrant for his execution, to take place on 13 March 1996. Along with a psychiatrist, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incapacity, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Prison conditions, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Anderson v. Romero

Country: United States
Year: 1995
Court: 7th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 72 F.3d 518 (1995)
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellee, Anderson, brought this challenge against two prison officials at the cell house in which he was placed. Anderson alleged that a superintendent and a guard violated his constitutional right to privacy and the Illinois AIDS Confidentiality Act by revealing that he was infected with the AIDS virus to an inmate sleeping in Anderson’s …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Cruel and unusual punishment, Detention, Disclosure, Gay, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Medical records, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Secrecy, Sexual orientation, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Griffin v. Spain

Country: Spain
Year: 1995
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: U.N. H.R. Comm., U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/53/D/493/1992 (Apr. 5, 1995).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioner, a Canadian citizen, was arrested along with two acquaintances when the group attempted to enter Spain with large quantities of hashish concealed in their vehicle. The petitioner claimed to have no knowledge of the contraband, and his acquaintances also told police that he was innocent of any wrongdoing. Nevertheless, the examining magistrate incarcerated …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Drug use, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, People who use drugs, Police, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English