138 judgments found.

Gillick v. West Norfolk and Wisbech Area Health Authority and Anr.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1985
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [1985] 3 All ER 402
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

The Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS) issued a memorandum of guidance to local health authorities that stated that, inter alia, “consultations between doctors and patients are confidential,” even for children less than 16. The memorandum noted that while “it would be most unusual,” a doctor could advise the child regarding contraception without parental …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Birth control, Child development, Children, Confidentiality, Contraception, Contraceptives, Criminalization, Health education, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Sidaway v. Bethlem Royal Hospital and Ors.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1985
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [1985] AC 871; [1985] 1 All ER 643
Health Topics: Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health
Facts:

Ms. Sidaway brought an action in negligence against Bethlem Royal Hospital and the hospital’s surgeon after she was left severely disabled from a spinal operation. Ms. Sidaway, who suffered from constant shoulder and neck pains, was advised by a surgeon employed by the hospital to have an operation on her spinal column to relieve her …Read more

Tags: Duty of care, Informed choice, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English

H.L. v. Matheson

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 450 U.S. 398 (1981)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, H.L., brought this class action suit challenging a Utah law which required a physician to notify, if possible, the parents or guardian of a minor upon whom an abortion was to be performed. H.L. represented a class consisting of unmarried minor women who wished to terminate their “unwanted pregnancies” but were unable to …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Simopoulos v. Virginia

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 462 U.S. 506 (1983)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, an obstetrician gynaecologist, brought suit challenging the constitutionality of a Virginia statute, which required second-trimester abortions to be performed in a licensed hospital. The Appellant instituted these proceedings after he was indicted for unlawfully performing an abortion during the second trimester of a pregnancy outside of a licensed hospital. The Appellant performed an …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Clinics, Criminalization, Family planning, Health facilities, Informed choice, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Saguir y Dib, Claudia Graciela s/Autorización

Country: Argentina
Year: 1980
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: Fallos 302:1284
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The parents of the 17 years old plaintiff, Claudia Graciela Saguir y Dib, filed an authorization on behalf of their daughter for her to be able to donate her kidney to her brother, who was suffering from chronic renal terminal failure. Law 21.541, art. 13, established that a person over 18 years old could donate …Read more

Tags: Child, Children, Health regulation, Informed choice, Kidney disease, Patient choice, Underage
Download Judgment: Spanish

Bellotti v. Baird II

Country: United States
Year: 1979
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 443 U.S. 622 (1979)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellants challenged the constitutional validity of a Massachusetts law that required, in every instance, that the parents or guardian of a minor seeking an abortion be notified. The joined Appellants were an abortion clinic and a pregnant minor representing the class of unmarried minors in Massachusetts who had adequate capacity to give valid and …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Walker v. Pierce

Country: United States
Year: 1977
Court: United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit
Citation: Walker v. Pierce 560 F.2d 609 (4th Cir. 1977)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

Plaintiff Virgil Walker filed suit against Defendant, Clovis H. Pierce, the attending obstetrician at Aiken County Hospital in South Carolina, seeking damages and declaratory and injunctive relief for a violation of her civil rights under the 1st, 4th, 5th 8th, 9th, 13th, and 14th amendments. Virgil Walker, an African American woman on Medicaid, went to …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Family planning, Indigent, Involuntary sterilization, Low income, Patient choice, Poor, Sterilization
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Richardson v. Redpath Brown and Co. Ltd.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1944
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [1944] 1 All ER 110
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Occupational health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The employer of an injured steel erector sued its employee, seeking an injunction that would require the employee to undergo radical surgery to obtain relief from a hernia. The hernia, which arose out of and in the course of the employee’s designated work, rendered the employee incapable of performing key work functions. As per the …Read more

Tags: Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Disabled, Employment, Examination, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory examination, Mandatory treatment, Occupational accident, Patient choice, Physically challenged, Workers' compensation
Download Judgment: English