142 judgments found.

H. v. France

Country: France
Year: 1989
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 10073/82; (1989) 12 EHRR 74
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

  The applicant, a French citizen, struggled with depression, schizophrenia and, at some points, symptoms of catatonia.  In May of 1961, the applicant, who was a primary school supply teacher, voluntarily reported to the neurological clinic at Strasbourg Hospital for observation. He expected to be in the hospital for two weeks. In June of 1961, …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Depression, Disabled, Disclosure, Experimental treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Medical records, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Public hospital, Schizophrenia, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

R v. Dyment

Country: Canada
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: [1988] 2 SCR 417
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The respondent had an accident and suffered a head laceration. A police officer drove the respondent to the hospital where the doctor collected free-flowing blood for medical purposes from the respondent who was unconscious. He gave the blood to a police officer who did not have a search warrant or patient consent. The patient was …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health data, Involuntary testing, Law enforcement, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Police, Secrecy, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Baricalla de Cisilotto, María del Carmen v. Estado Nacional (Ministerio de Salud y Acción Social)

Country: Argentina
Year: 1987
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: C. 201. XXI.
Health Topics: Health care and health services
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiff, the legal representative of her underage son who suffered from cancer, filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the National State, the Ministry of Health and Social Action to condemn them to supply an experimental treatment that was tested in some patients, including the plaintiff’s son.  The experimental drug …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to treatment, Cancer, Clinical trials, Experimental treatment, Informed choice, Patient choice, Right to Health, Right to Life
Download Judgment: Spanish

E. (Mrs.) v. Eve

Country: Canada
Year: 1986
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1986] 2 S.C.R. 388
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

Eve was a mentally disabled young woman suffering from a condition that made it extremely difficult for her to communicate with others. She was not capable of understanding the consequential relationship between intercourse, pregnancy and birth.  Mrs. E, her mother, was concerned that Eve might innocently become pregnant, which would mean that she, an elderly …Read more

Tags: Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Contraception, Contraceptives, Family planning, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Mandatory sterilization, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization
Download Judgment: English French

Gillick v. West Norfolk and Wisbech Area Health Authority and Anr.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1985
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [1985] 3 All ER 402
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

The Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS) issued a memorandum of guidance to local health authorities that stated that, inter alia, “consultations between doctors and patients are confidential,” even for children less than 16. The memorandum noted that while “it would be most unusual,” a doctor could advise the child regarding contraception without parental …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Birth control, Child development, Children, Confidentiality, Contraception, Contraceptives, Criminalization, Health education, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Sidaway v. Bethlem Royal Hospital and Ors.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1985
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [1985] AC 871; [1985] 1 All ER 643
Health Topics: Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health
Facts:

Ms. Sidaway brought an action in negligence against Bethlem Royal Hospital and the hospital’s surgeon after she was left severely disabled from a spinal operation. Ms. Sidaway, who suffered from constant shoulder and neck pains, was advised by a surgeon employed by the hospital to have an operation on her spinal column to relieve her …Read more

Tags: Duty of care, Informed choice, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English

H.L. v. Matheson

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 450 U.S. 398 (1981)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, H.L., brought this class action suit challenging a Utah law which required a physician to notify, if possible, the parents or guardian of a minor upon whom an abortion was to be performed. H.L. represented a class consisting of unmarried minor women who wished to terminate their “unwanted pregnancies” but were unable to …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Simopoulos v. Virginia

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 462 U.S. 506 (1983)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, an obstetrician gynaecologist, brought suit challenging the constitutionality of a Virginia statute, which required second-trimester abortions to be performed in a licensed hospital. The Appellant instituted these proceedings after he was indicted for unlawfully performing an abortion during the second trimester of a pregnancy outside of a licensed hospital. The Appellant performed an …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Clinics, Criminalization, Family planning, Health facilities, Informed choice, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Saguir y Dib, Claudia Graciela s/Autorización

Country: Argentina
Year: 1980
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: Fallos 302:1284
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The parents of the 17 years old plaintiff, Claudia Graciela Saguir y Dib, filed an authorization on behalf of their daughter for her to be able to donate her kidney to her brother, who was suffering from chronic renal terminal failure. Law 21.541, art. 13, established that a person over 18 years old could donate …Read more

Tags: Child, Children, Health regulation, Informed choice, Kidney disease, Patient choice, Underage
Download Judgment: Spanish

Bellotti v. Baird II

Country: United States
Year: 1979
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 443 U.S. 622 (1979)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellants challenged the constitutional validity of a Massachusetts law that required, in every instance, that the parents or guardian of a minor seeking an abortion be notified. The joined Appellants were an abortion clinic and a pregnant minor representing the class of unmarried minors in Massachusetts who had adequate capacity to give valid and …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English