142 judgments found.

Planned Parenthood v. Casey

Country: United States
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 505 U.S. 833 (1992)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Planned Parenthood brought suit challenging the Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982 (the Act) in federal court on constitutional grounds. The Act included the following requirements for women seeking an abortion in Pennsylvania: A woman seeking an abortion must give her informed consent prior to the abortion procedure, and she must provide certain information at …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Parental consent, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Spousal notification, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Riggins v. Nevada

Country: United States
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 504 U.S. 127 (1992)
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The petitioner, David Riggins, challenged his criminal convictions on the basis that his liberty and right to due process of the law, as protected by the Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution, were violated when the State of Nevada forcibly administered him with an antipsychotic drug during his trial. In November 1987, Riggins …Read more

Tags: Detainee, Forced treatment, Incompetence, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Psychosis
Download Judgment: English

Rogers v. Whitaker 

Country: Australia
Year: 1992
Court: High Court
Citation: (1992) 175 CLR 479; [1992] HCA 58
Health Topics: Disabilities, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

Appellant doctor appealed an award of $808,564.38 to respondent patient. Appellant doctor had operated on the right eye of respondent patient in an attempt to improve its appearance and restore some sight as respondent patient’s right eye had been sightless from a previous injury. The lower court had found that appellant doctor had operated with …Read more

Tags: Blind, Disabled, Duty of care, Handicapped, Informed choice, Negligence, Patient choice, Physically challenged, Standard of care, Tort
Download Judgment: English

Cruzan v. Director

Country: United States
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 497 U.S. 261 (1990)
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

In January 1983, Nancy Cruzan lost control of her car, which overturned. Found unconscious, she remained in a coma for three weeks, and eventually her condition progressed into what was termed a “persistent vegetative state,” where there are motor reflexes but no signs of cognition. She was able to survive when fed and hydrated artificially, …Read more

Tags: Food, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English

Hodgson v. Minnesota

Country: United States
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 497 U.S. 417 (1990)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellants brought this case challenging an amendment to the Minors’ Consent to Health Services Act (the Act) on the basis that it violated the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. Subdivision 2 of the Act provided, with certain exceptions, that no abortion shall be performed on a …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

K.H. v. Malmöhus Läns Landstingskommun

Country: Sweden
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: NJA 1990 s 442 – Målnummer No. 40
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Facts:

Kerstin H. had an operation intended to lessen pain in her hip, however after the operation she still suffered from the original ailment as well as new pain. Prior to the operation, Kerstin H. had been informed that the doctors aimed “to clean up the area around the nerve” (the doctors had also used such …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Disclosure, Duty of care, Examination, Health care professionals, Informed choice, Negligence, Patient choice, Tertiary care, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English Swedish

Malette v. Shulman et al.

Country: Canada
Year: 1990
Court: Ontario Supreme Court, Court of Appeal
Citation: 67 DLR (4th) 321, 72 OR (2d) 417
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

Malette, a Jehovah’s Witness, sued Dr. Shulman for administering a blood transfusion contrary to her prior expressed wishes. Malette was rushed to the emergency room after sustaining serious injuries in a car accident. She was semi-conscious and bleeding profusely. One of the nurses found a card in her purse, which stated she was a devout …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Compulsory treatment, Damages, Duty of care, Emergency care, Forced treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Remedies, Standard of care, Tort, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Moore v. Regents of the University of California

Country: United States
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court of California
Citation: 51 Cal.3d 120 (1990); 793 P.2d 479; 271 Cal. Rptr. 146
Health Topics: Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to property
Facts:

John Moore underwent treatment for hairy-cell leukemia at UCLA Medical Center, owned and operated by the regents of the university. During the course of his treatment, Moore’s spleen was removed and various tissue samples were taken by his doctor. Moore’s doctor engaged with a researcher at the medical center to study these samples (which were …Read more

Tags: Informed choice, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English

Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health

Country: United States
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 497 U.S. 450 (1990)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Respondents, including a facility that provides abortions, a physician who performs abortions, and a minor woman who sought an abortion, brought suit challenging the constitutional validity of Ohio’s Amended Substitute House Bill 319, which made it a criminal offence, except in four specified circumstances, for a physician or other person to perform an abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

F v. West Berkshire Health Authority and Anr.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1989
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [1989] 2 All ER 545
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health
Facts:

F was a 36 year old adult woman who suffered from a disability that left her with the mental capacity of a young child.  She had been a voluntary in-patient at a mental hospital since the age of 14, where she received treatment and enjoyed a great degree of freedom of movement. Although the facility …Read more

Tags: Birth control, Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental retardation, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English