34 judgments found.

K.L. v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2005
Court: Human Rights Committee
Citation: CCPR/C/85/D/1153/2003, Communication No. 1153/2003
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

K.L was a 17 year old pregnant woman who was denied an abortion despite complications in her pregnancy. The foetus was anencephalic. Peruvian abortion laws allowed abortions in case there was a danger to the life or health of the mother. Anencephalic condition posed a life-threatening risk to K.L. The baby died after four days …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Children, Clinics, Counseling, Depression, Health facilities, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Pediatric health, Pregnancy, Primary care, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Case 358-2004

Country: Mexico
Year: 2004
Court: Supreme Court of Justice of the State of Michoacán [Supremo Tribunal de Justicia del Estado de Michoacán]
Citation: No. 358/2004, appeal of criminal process 257/2003
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

O.M. is a Mexican woman who left her newborn son in a garbage can in the municipal headquarters of Santa Clara del Cobre after having given labor in the public restrooms. The woman placed toilet paper on the newborn child’s mouth cavity and nostrils to prevent others from hearing the newborn child cry, cut his …Read more

Tags: Child mortality, Childbirth, Family planning, Incapacity, Incompetence, Indigenous groups, Infant mortality, Insanity, Low income, Poor, Pregnancy, Psychology, Rape, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Underprivileged, Viability
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R v. King 

Country: Australia
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court of New South Wales
Citation: 59 NSWLR 472; [2003] NSWCCA 399
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The respondent was charged with maliciously inflicting grievous bodily harm to Kylie Flick with intent to do grievous bodily harm. Prior to the crime, the respondent and Ms. Flick engaged in a single act of consensual sexual intercourse after which Ms. Flick became pregnant. The respondent sought to persuade Ms. Flick to have an abortion, …Read more

Tags: Assault, Child development, Childbirth, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Miscarriage, Termination of pregnancy, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Calvelli and Ciglio v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 32967/96; [2002] ECHR 3
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Calvelli and Ciglio’s baby was transferred to an intensive care unit immediately after its birth, and died two days later of post-asphyxia syndrome. EC, the doctor who had delivered the baby and was a joint owner of the clinic, was found guilty of involuntary manslaughter and received a one year suspended prison sentence under the …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Children, Clinics, Diabetes, Duty of care, Health facilities, Inappropriate treatment, Infant mortality, Minor, Negligence, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Tort
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Joyce Nakacwa v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court at Kampala
Citation: [2002] UGCC 1; Constitutional Petition No. 2 of 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

On June 21, 2001, the petitioner delivered a baby by the roadside and visited the second respondent’s Naguru Maternity Home/Clinic with the baby still attached to her. She received no medical care and was referred to another hospital. The petitioner was unable to walk the distance and was forced to sit outside with her newborn …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Clinics, Compulsory examination, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Emergency care, Forced examination, Health facilities, Humiliating treatment, Infant mortality, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary examination, Jail, Law enforcement, Mandatory examination, Maternal health, Mob, Police, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 1)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: (CCT9/02) [2002] ZACC 16; 2002 (5) SA 703; 2002 (10) BCLR 1075 (5 July 2002)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The Constitutional Court was asked to determine whether the appellant (Government) was required to give effect, pending an appeal, to an order of the High Court which directed it to make the drug nevirapine available to mothers and their newborn babies in public health facilities under certain circumstances and conditions. The order concerned the programme …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 2)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2002] ZACC 15; 2002 (5) SA 721; 2002 (10) BCLR 1033
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The government of South Africa developed a national public health program to address mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The purpose of the program was to offer HIV-positive pregnant women nevirapine, a drug that prevents the transmission of HIV at birth, free of charge. The program was, however, limited in scope. It only offered nevirapine at certain …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Case 2001-446 DC

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: C. C., n°2001-446 DC, 27 June 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Before the promulgation of the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy Act, 78 senators made a referral to the French constitutional court challenging the constitutionality of the new bill according to article 61 of the French Constitution. The Act had three components. It extended to 12 weeks the period of time a woman could have an abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Children, Counseling, Criminalization, Forced abortion, Freedom of information, Health facilities, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Minor, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English French

Ferguson v. City of Charleston

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 532 U.S. 67 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners were former patients who received obstetrical care at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), a public hospital in the city of Charleston, and who were arrested after testing positive for cocaine. In 1988, concerns arose among MUSC staff about an apparent increase in the use of cocaine by patients who were receiving prenatal …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cocaine, Compulsory testing, Crack cocaine, Drug abuse, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Treatment Action Campaign v. Minister of Health (No. 1)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2001
Court: High Court - Transvaal Provincial Division
Citation: 2002(4) BCLR 356 (T)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Applicants sought an order that the respondents (the Minister of Health and the members of the executive council for health) make Nevirapine available to pregnant women with HIV who give birth in public health institutions and “produce and implement an effective national program to prevent or reduce mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, including …Read more

Tags: Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Counseling, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Minor, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing
Download Judgment: English