134 judgments found.

Bragdon v. Abbott

Country: United States
Year: 1998
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 524 U.S. 624 (1998)
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

After disclosing she was HIV-positive on a patient registration form, Respondent Abbott was informed by her dentist, Petitioner, of his policy against filling cavities of HIV-infected patients. Petitioner offered to perform the work at a hospital with no added service fee, but with the cost of the use of the hospital’s facilities borne by Respondent. …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Handicapped, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, Physically challenged, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

B and Others v. Minister of Correctional Services and Others

Country: South Africa
Year: 1997
Court: High Court - Cape of Good Hope Provincial Division
Citation: 1997 (4) SA 441 (C); 1997 (6) BCLR 789 (C)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

The Applicants were four prisoners living with HIV. They sought an order declaring that prisoners living with HIV who had reached the symptomatic stage of the disease and whose CD4 counts was less than 500 per milliliter of blood were entitled to receive appropriate antiretroviral treatment at the Government’s expense. They noted that Section 35(2)(e) …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Custody, Detention, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

D v. The United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1997
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 30240/96, 24 Eur. H.R. Rep. 423 (1997).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, an individual suffering HIV/AIDS, brought action under Article 3 (freedom from torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) of the European Convention on Human Rights when he was threatened with expulsion from UK to St Kitts where he would not have access to necessary medical treatment and no family home or close …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Refugees, Second-line treatment, Secondary care, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Torture
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Doe v. Marsh

Country: United States
Year: 1997
Court: 2nd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 105 F.3d 106 (1997)
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellants, Doe and Roe, brought this claim alleging that the respondent, Marsh, violated their right to privacy under the US Constitution. Doe and Roe were HIV positive individuals active in various HIV/AIDS support and advocacy organizations; both had participated in educational seminars for social workers and educators focused on HIV prevention. The seminars were …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

IW v. City of Perth

Country: Australia
Year: 1997
Court: High Court
Citation: [1997] HCA 30; 191 CLR 1; (1997) 94 LGERA 224; (1997) 146 ALR 696; (1997) 71 ALJR 943
Health Topics: Disabilities, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

IW was a member of the incorporated association known as People Living With AIDS (WA) Inc. (PLWA). PLWA applied for planning approval from the City of Perth for the use of premises as a daytime drop-in center for persons infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS. The City, via its executive body, the Council, refused the …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Clinics, Disabled, HIV, HIV positive, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Mx of Bombay Indian Inhabitant v. M/S. Zy and Anr

Country: India
Year: 1997
Court: High Court - Bombay
Citation: AIR 1997 Bom 406; 1997 (3) BomCR 354; (1997) 2 BOMLR 504
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Occupational health, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to life, Right to work
Facts:

The Petitioner, MX, was a casual labourer working for the Respondent, M/s ZY, a State owned corporation. Before his employment could be regularized, the Respondent required the Petitioner to undergo medical tests, including tests for HIV antibodies. The Petitioner passed all fitness requirements presented in the examination except those for HIV antibodies. The Respondent, upon …Read more

Tags: AIDS, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Injecting drug users, Occupational health and safety, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Z v. Finland

Country: Finland
Year: 1997
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 22009/93, 25 Eur. H.R. Rep. 371 (1997).
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, a Finnish national, had been married to X, who was not a Finnish national, at the time the events occurred. They were both infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). X was convicted for rape and during the criminal proceedings the court gave orders requiring the applicant’s medical advisers to give evidence. In …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Violence against women

A. & Ors. v. Denmark

Country: Denmark
Year: 1996
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 20826/92, 22 Eur. H.R. Rep. 458 (1996).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The applicants were Danish citizens infected with HIV through State administered blood transfusions, who filed a violation of Article 6 of the Convention (right to court) claim. Eight of the applicants were victims and two were relatives of victims, who through frequent blood transfusions at Danish Hospitals were infected with HIV. The eight applicants/victims joined …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Blood transfusion, Health regulation, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Inappropriate treatment, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Standard of care, Testing
Download Judgment: English

B. R. E. v. Policía Federal Argentina

Country: Argentina
Year: 1996
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: B. 77. XXX.
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Informed consent, Public safety
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to work
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the Argentine Federal Police, which issued a resolution forcing the plaintiff to retire from the police force due to being HIV positive. The HIV test was performed without the consent of the plaintiff, which constituted a violation of his right to privacy. …Read more

Tags: Compulsory testing, discrimination, HIV positive, HIV/AIDS, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People living with HIV/ AIDS, Right to bodily integrity, Right to Health, Right to Life, Right to Privacy, Right to work
Download Judgment: Spanish

C v. Minister of Correctional Services

Country: South Africa
Year: 1996
Court: High Court
Citation: 1996 (4) SA 292 (T)
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Prisons
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to privacy
Facts:

While a prisoner in custody of the defendant, the plaintiff was informed by the prison nurse in the presence of other prisoners that he was to undergo a blood test for HIV and that he had the right to refuse such test. This information was repeated to the plaintiff in a closed consulting room, but …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Compulsory testing, Confidentiality, Custody, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Informed choice, Inmate, Involuntary testing, Jail, Mandatory testing, Most-at-risk, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English
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