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84 judgments found.

X v. State Bank of India

Country: India
Year: 2004
Court: High Court - Bombay
Citation: Writ Petition No. 1856 of 2002
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Occupational health, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to work
Facts:

X, the Petitioner, was a sweeper with the State Bank of India, the Respondent, for nine years on a contractual basis.  The Respondent considered the Petitioner for another job and required him to undergo some medical tests. The Petitioner was deemed fit for the job by the concerned doctor. His ELISA test, however, showed that …Read more

Tags: HIV positive, HIV status, Occupational health and safety, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Doe v. United States Postal Service

Country: United States
Year: 2003
Court: District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals
Citation: 317 F.3d 339 (2003)
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, Doe, brought an action against his employer, the U.S. Postal Service, for the Postal Service’s disclosure of his HIV status in violation of both the Privacy Act and the Rehabilitation Act. Doe’s status was first revealed to Postal Service officials as part of a request for leave pursuant to the Family and Medical Leave …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

H v. Associated Newspapers and Anr.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2002
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [2002] EWCA Civ 195
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to privacy
Facts:

H was diagnosed as HIV positive whilst working as a care worker for the second respondent, N, the responsible health authority. Upon being diagnosed, H ceased to carry on practice as a healthcare worker and notified N of the reason for this. Under the Department of Health Guidelines (the ”guidelines”) patients who had undergone medical …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Awareness, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Non-disclosure, Notification, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Joy Mining Machinery v. NUMSA

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Labour Court of South Africa
Citation: Case No: J 158/02; [2002] ZALC 7
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The Applicant, Joy Mining Machinery, was a manufacturer, supplier and service provider of mining machinery. The Applicant had attempted to determine the extent of HIV prevalence at its workplace by commissioning a study of HIV prevalence based on the demographic groups at the workplace. As this was ultimately unhelpful, the Applicant wished to determine the …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Awareness, Clinics, Confidentiality, Counseling, Health care workers, Health education, HIV, HIV status, Informed choice, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 1)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: (CCT9/02) [2002] ZACC 16; 2002 (5) SA 703; 2002 (10) BCLR 1075 (5 July 2002)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The Constitutional Court was asked to determine whether the appellant (Government) was required to give effect, pending an appeal, to an order of the High Court which directed it to make the drug nevirapine available to mothers and their newborn babies in public health facilities under certain circumstances and conditions. The order concerned the programme …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 2)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2002] ZACC 15; 2002 (5) SA 721; 2002 (10) BCLR 1033
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The government of South Africa developed a national public health program to address mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The purpose of the program was to offer HIV-positive pregnant women nevirapine, a drug that prevents the transmission of HIV at birth, free of charge. The program was, however, limited in scope. It only offered nevirapine at certain …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Montgomery v. Pinchak

Country: United States
Year: 2002
Court: 3rd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 294 F.3d 492 (2002)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The Appellant, Montgomery, was an inmate at the East Jersey State Prison (the Prison). Montgomery suffered from a heart condition and was HIV-positive. He brought these proceedings against prison administrative officials, the private corporate entity providing medical care to the prison (CMS), and a physician employed by CMS as an independent contractor at the prison. …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Detention, First-line treatment, Heart disease, Imprisonment, Inmate, Jail, Noncommunicable diseases, Pharmaceuticals, Second-line treatment, Secondary care, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Tertiary care, Torture
Download Judgment: English

State v. Marapo

Country: Botswana
Year: 2002
Court: Court of Appeal
Citation: AHRLR 58 (BwCA 2002); Criminal Appeal No. 15/2002
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The case discusses the constitutionality of a statute that denied bail to people accused of rape. Marapo was arrested and charged with rape. Under Section 142(1)(i) of the Botswana Penal Code, he was not entitled to bail before trial. Marapo brought his case to the High Court, arguing that section 142(1)(i) of the Penal Code …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Custody, Detainee, Detention, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Rape, Safety regulation, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Case T-1132/01

Country: Colombia
Year: 2001
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Corte Constitucional [C.C.] [Constitutional Court], Sala Séptima de Revisión octubre 25, 2001, M.P.: Eduardo Montealegre Lynett, Sentencia T-1132/01 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Originally, three individuals living with HIV brought action against Hospital Simón Bolívar and the District’s Secretary of Health for the Hospital’s refusal to provide them with the necessary medications and treatment for their condition upon petitioners’ inability to afford payment of the medications and services. The petitioners claimed violations of their rights to health, life …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, HIV, Low income, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: Spanish

Doe v. County of Centre

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: 3rd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 242 F.3d 437 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to life
Facts:

Appellants, the Does, an interracial couple with an HIV-positive foster son (Adam), approached the Respondents, Centre County (the County), seeking to adopt another child through the County’s foster care program. The County had a statutory duty to investigate foster parent applications in order to preserve the physical and emotional health of foster children. The Does …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Child development, Children, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Physically challenged, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English