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74 judgments found.

Nitecki v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 65653/01
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Applicant Mr. Zdzislaw Nitecki was a Polish national diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, in 1976. In June 1999, he was prescribed the drug Rilutek to treat his ALS. He appealed to the Kujawsko-Pomorski Health Insurance Fund (“Fund”) to reimburse his out-of-pocket costs, noting that, as a pensioner, he …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Low income, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pharmaceuticals, Poor, Pricing, Reimbursement, Subsidies, Underprivileged
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Pretty v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 2346/02, 35 Eur. H.R. Rep. 1 (2002).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant, a U.K. national, alleged that English law violated her rights under Articles 2 (right to life), 3 (freedom from torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment), 8 (right to respect for his private and family life) and 9 (right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion) of the European Convention on Human …Read more

Tags: Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Inhuman treatment, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Torture
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Price v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2001
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 33394/96; (2002) 34 EHRR 53; [2001] Crim.L.R. 916
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

P, who is a UK national, was four-limb deficient as a result of procomelia due to thalidomide. She also suffered kidney problems. On 20 January 1995, in the course of civil proceedings in Lincoln County Court for recovery of a judgment debt, P refused to answer questions regarding her financial status and was committed to …Read more

Tags: Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Disabled, Handicapped, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Noncommunicable diseases, Physically challenged, Torture
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R (on the application of Pretty) v. Director of Public Prosecutions

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2001
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [2001] UKHL 61; [2002] 1 All ER 1
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, a U.K. national, alleged that section 2(1) of the Suicide Act 1961, which contained an offence of aiding and abetting suicide under English law, violated her rights under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (the Convention), in particular Articles 2 (right to life), 3 (freedom from torture …Read more

Tags: Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Inhuman treatment, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Suicide, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Case 687/2000-R

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2000
Court: Constitutional Tribunal of Bolivia [Tribunal Constitucional de Bolivia]
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

After her body rejected a kidney transplant, Rocio Mercadeo Zimerman began hemodialysis treatment with the National Health Fund (the “Fund”) on June 6, 1995. The treatment was authorized to continue for one year, but was discontinued on May 18, 1996 after Zimerman’s health was stabilized because of a new, successful kidney transplant. In March of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Kidney disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Reimbursement, Secondary care, Social security
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Prof. Nurul Islam, et al. v. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, et al.

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2000
Court: Supreme Court - High Court Division
Citation: 52 DLR (2000) 413
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health systems and financing, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The above judgment combined two writ petitions that both dealt with the effect of tobacco advertisements on public health. The Petitioner in Writ Petition No. 1825 of 1999 was Prof. Nurul Islam, President of ADHUNIK (Aamra Dhumpan Nibaron Kori). Section 3 of the Tamakjato Shamogri Biponon Niontroner Jonno Pronito Ain, 1988 provided that all tobacco …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Asthma, Cancer, Children, Health regulation, Lung disease, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Passive smoking, Pediatric health, Pollution, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

Shortland v. Northland Health Ltd.

Country: New Zealand
Year: 1998
Court: High Court
Citation: Shortland v. Northland Health Ltd., [1998] 1 NZLR 433 (HC) (N.Z.).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

W suffered from Type II diabetes and was admitted to the hospital of the respondent (Northland Health Ltd) with chronic renal failure and brain damage in September 1996. He was discharged after he received dialysis and his condition improved. He was readmitted to hospital in June 1997 with end stage renal failure, the only cure …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Kidney disease, Noncommunicable diseases
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Soobramoney v. Minister of Health

Country: South Africa
Year: 1997
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [1997] ZACC 17; 1998 (1) SA 765 (CC); 1997 (12) BCLR 1696
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The appellant was a 41-year old, unemployed, diabetic man who suffered from ischaemic heart disease, cerebro-vascular disease, and renal failure. His condition was chronic and irreversible. In order to continue address this condition and prolong his life, he required regular renal dialysis treatment. The appellant had made all efforts to continue treatment privately, but was …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Budget, Diabetes, Health care technology, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Heart disease, Indigent, Low income, Noncommunicable diseases, Poor, Secondary care, Stroke
Download Judgment: English

R v. Cambridge Health Authority, ex parte Beckwith

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1995
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1995] 2 All ER 129 (CA); [1995] EWCA Civ 49
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The child “B” had a long history of unsuccessful treatments fo her cancer. In January 1995,  B suffered a further relapse of acute myeloid leukaemia. Both the doctor who oversaw B’s treatment since the initial diagnosis and the doctor who performed a prior bone marrow transplant agreed that the child had approximately six to eight …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Budget, Cancer, Children, Experimental treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health insurance, Health spending, Leukemia, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Second-line treatment, Subsidies, Tertiary care
Download Judgment: English

RJR-MacDonald Inc v. Canada (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 1995
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1995] 3 S.C.R. 199
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health information, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom of expression
Facts:

Two prominent tobacco companies challenged the constitutionality of the Tobacco Products Control Act (the Act), which regulated the advertisement of tobacco products and their requisite health warnings. They also challenged an amendment to the Tobacco Products Control Regulations (the Regulations) which imposed a total advertising ban, prohibited the use of tobacco trade marks on non-tobacco …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Noncommunicable diseases, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
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