146 judgments found.

Doe v. Wigginton

Country: United States
Year: 1994
Court: 6th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 21 F.3d 733 (1994)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, Doe, a prisoner incarcerated in Kentucky, brought this challenge alleging his constitutional rights under the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments were violated by Policy 13.5 (the Policy), a Kentucky rule which restricted the eligibility of inmates for “at-request” HIV testing. In January 1989, at an initial medical screening following his incarceration, Doe requested that …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Confidentiality, Cruel and unusual punishment, Detention, Disclosure, Examination, First-line treatment, Health data, Health information, Heart disease, Imprisonment, Inmate, Jail, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Noncommunicable diseases, Pharmaceuticals, Second-line treatment, Secondary care, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Tertiary care, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Kay v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1994
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 17821/91
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a British citizen, claimed violations of sections one and four of Article 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights (the “Convention”) related to his involuntary recall to medical detention by the Home Secretary. In 1970, the applicant raped and killed his twelve year old neighbor. In January of 1971, the applicant pled …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Jail, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

M.H. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1994
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 22162/93
Health Topics: Prisons, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy, Right to property
Facts:

The applicant was serving a sentence of life imprisonment in HM Prison Stocken.  He had been convicted of the murder of an elderly man in 1972 and received a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment.  The applicant’s sentence was reviewed by the Parole Board in or about 1984. A release date was apparently set and he …Read more

Tags: Custody, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Threat of violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English

M’Boissona (on behalf of Bozize) v. Central African Republic

Country: Central African Republic
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication 428/1990, UN Doc. CCPR/C/50/D/428/1990
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

In a communication submitted to the United Nations Humans Right Committee (“UNHRC”), Yvonne M’Boissona asserted that her brother, François Bozize, led a coup d’état in the Central African Republic in 1982. After fleeing the country, he was arrested in July 1989 in Benin, repatriated to the Central African Republic by force, and imprisoned at a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Assault, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Food, Food safety, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Malnutrition, Military, Militias, Prison conditions, Refugee, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Mika Miha v. Equatorial Guinea

Country: Equatorial Guinea
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 414/1990
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Mika Miha (M), having twice previously left Equatorial Guinea for asylum abroad, had returned in 1988 to support the activities of an opposition party to which he belonged. Shortly afterwards, he was arrested by members of the security forces. The only explanation given was that his detention had been ordered by the president. For the …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Women Prisoners of the District of Columbia Department of Corrections, et al. v. District of Columbia

Country: United States
Year: 1994
Court: United States District Court, District of Columbia
Citation: 877 F.Supp. 634 (D.D.C. 1994)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Tobacco, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

Women inmates in the District of Columbia (D.C.) correctional system alleged that they were being mistreated in a variety of ways, including sexual harassment, failure to provide or inadequate levels of obstetrical and gynecological care, unequal educational and work-related programming  as compared to similarly situated male inmates, uneven recreational and religious time, and general inhumane …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assault, Cleanliness, Counseling, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Smoking, STDs, STIs, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Herczegfalvy v. Austria

Country: Austria
Year: 1992
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 10533/83, Eur. Ct. H.R. 58 (1992).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Applicant, a Hungarian national, served a prison sentence during which he assaulted prison officers, other detainees and threatened judges. He served a six-month pre-detention period in a facility for mentally ill offenders where he remained until his conditional release. He claims that his rights pursuant to Article 5 of the European Convention of Human Rights …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Hunger strike, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Harris v. Thigpen

Country: United States
Year: 1991
Court: 11th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 941 F.2d 1495 (1991)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellants brought this challenge to the constitutionality of an Alabama statute which authorized the Alabama Department of Correction’s (DOC) policy of mandatory testing of all present and future Alabama state prisoners for HIV antibodies, as well as the forced segregation of HIV-positive inmates. Two classes were involved in the action: the Appellant class, which …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Compulsory testing, Confidentiality, Cruel and unusual punishment, Detention, Disclosure, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Involuntary testing, Jail, Mandatory testing, Medical records, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Primary care, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Ford v. Wainwright

Country: United States
Year: 1986
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 477 U.S. 399 (1986)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The Appellant, Ford, was convicted of murder in a Florida state court and sentenced to death in 1974. There was no suggestion that he was incompetent at the time of the offense, at trial, or at sentencing. However in 1982, Ford began to manifest gradual changes in behavior, which, based on a psychiatric examination, indicated …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

X v. The United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1981
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 7215/75, 4 Eur. H.R. Rep. 188 (1982).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a United Kingdom national who had previously been diagnosed with having a paranoid psychosis, claimed that the United Kingdom unlawfully deprived him of his liberty when authorities forcibly recalled him to a hospital for the criminally insane in which he had completed a prior sentence for a violent crime. At the time of …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Jail, Mandatory confinement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Torture
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