59 judgments found.

Bowe (Junior) & Anor v. R.

Country: Bahamas
Year: 2006
Court: Judicial Committee of the Privy Council
Citation: [2006] UKPC 10
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

B was convicted of murder and sentenced to death pursuant to s 3121 of the Penal Code which required the death penalty for any defendant convicted of murder. D was convicted of murder and also sentenced to death. Both B and D petitioned the Privy Council seeking leave to challenge the constitutionality of the mandatory requirement that …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Miguel Castro-Castro Prison v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R., Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 160 (Nov. 25, 2006).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

During the conflict between armed groups and government forces that lasted from the 1980s until 2000, the government of Alberto Fujimori issued a law decree on April 6, 1992, ordering “the reorganization of the National Penitentiary Institute (INPE) and put[ting] the National Police of Peru in charge of the control of security at the penitentiaries.” …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Assault, Childbirth, Clean water, Cleanliness, Compulsory examination, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Dehydration, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Drinking water, Emergency care, Execution, Forced examination, Health records, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary examination, Jail, Law enforcement, Maternal health, Medical records, Military, Militias, Police, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Rape, Safe drinking water, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Solitary confinement, TB, Torture, Tuberculosis, Violence against women
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Chisanga v. Zambia

Country: Zambia
Year: 2005
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1132/2002; U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/85/D/1132/2002 (2005)
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Chisanga, a Zambian citizen, was convicted of aggravated robbery in 1995 and sentenced to death; he was also convicted of attempted murder but not sentenced for it. Chisanga claimed that he was innocent and that his trial was unfair because he was convicted solely on the basis of one witness’ testimony. Evidence from the medical …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail
Download Judgment: English

Süheyla Aydin v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2005
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 25660/94, 42 Eur. H.R. Rep. 44 (2006).
Health Topics: Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Applicant, a Turkish national and her husband, Nacati Aydın were detained by the Turkish police. She suffered degrading treatment whilst her husband was subjected to torture. Her husband was subsequently brought before a judge who ordered his release, however, he never physically came out of the court room and was later found tied up and …Read more

Tags: Degrading treatment, Execution, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Samuel Kaunda and Others v. President of the Republic of South Africa, et al.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2004
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2004] ZACC 5
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicants in this case were 69 South African citizens held in Zimbabwe on a variety of charges, including the possession of and attempt to smuggle dangerous weapons. The applicants initially brought a claim before the High Court seeking to require that the South African Government: (1) take steps to have them extradited to South Africa so that …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Migrants, Prison conditions
Download Judgment: English

Tracy Lee Housel v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2004
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 16/04, Petition 129/02, February 27, 2004; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.122, Doc. 5 rev. 1 at 504, 23 February 2005
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged the United States failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration). Petitioners were Barristers with Tooks Court, London, a Solicitor with Lovells, London, and representatives of the Federal Defender Program, Atlanta, Georgia. Tracy Lee Housel …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Torture
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Aliev v. Ukraine

Country: Ukraine
Year: 2003
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 41220/98
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right of access to information, Right to family life
Facts:

The applicant was arrested and detained in Krasnodar, Russia and was transferred to a detention facility. The applicant was convicted of conspiring and carrying out organized crime, aiding and abetting and attempting murder. He was sentence to death by the Criminal Division of the Supreme Court. On the same day he was moved to cells …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Examination, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Prison conditions, Solitary confinement
Download Judgment: English

Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda

Country: Burundi, Congo, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda
Year: 2003
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2004) AHRLR 19 (ACHPR 2003); Communication 227/99
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The Democratic Republic of Congo initiated proceedings before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, alleging that the respondent countries (Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda) committed various human rights violations. The Democratic Republic of Congo alleged that the respondent countries committed multiple massacres against people of the Democratic Republic of Congo including attacking Inga hydroelectric …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Armed conflict, Assault, Children, Execution, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Manmade disaster, Military, Militias, Public hospitals, Rape, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Atkins v. Virginia

Country: United States
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 536 U.S. 304 (2002)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The Appellant, Atkins, a mentally disabled individual, was convicted of capital murder and related crimes by a Virginia jury and sentenced to death. He brought this appeal alleging that he could not be sentenced to death because executing the mentally disabled would constitute “cruel and unusual punishment” as prohibited by the Eighth Amendment.

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Benedict Jacob v. Grenada

Country: Grenada
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: "Report No. 56/02, Case 12.158, Inter-Am. C.H.R., Doc. 5 rev.1 at 601, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.117 Doc. 1 rev. 1, 7 March 2003"
Health Topics: Mental health, Poverty, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Jacob was convicted of murder by the State and a mandatory death sentence by hanging was imposed on him in accordance with the domestic law of Grenada. Jacob and the deceased had been in a relationship and had lived together previously, ending their cohabitation a few months before the deceased’s death. A psychiatrist testified on …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Jail, Low income, Poor, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Torture
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