59 judgments found.

Organisation Mondiale Contre la Torture, et al. v. Rwanda

Country: Rwanda
Year: 1996
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2000) AHRLR 282 (ACHPR 1996); Communications 27/89, 49/91 and 99/93
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Various communications alleged that: (1) Burundian nationals, who had been refugees in Rwanda for several years, were told they had one month to leave the country as they were considered national risks risks due to their “subversive activities”. The refugees were not able to challenge the expulsion in court (2) arbitrary arrests and summary executions …Read more

Tags: Detainee, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Sahadath v. Trinidad and Tobago

Country: Trinidad and Tobago
Year: 1996
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 684/1996, CCPR/C/74/D/684/1996
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

R.S. was convicted of murder and sentenced to death. On 8 March 1996, the same day that five other warrants of execution were read (although the prison was only equipped to handle two executions a day), R.S. was read a warrant for his execution, to take place on 13 March 1996. Along with a psychiatrist, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incapacity, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Prison conditions, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Francis v. Jamaica

Country: Jamaica
Year: 1995
Court: United Nations Humans Right Committee
Citation: Communication No 606/1994
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

Francis (F) had been convicted of murder and sentenced to death in February 1980. An appeal was dismissed in November 1981 and in October 1987 a note of the oral judgment was produced but nothing written was issued. His lawyers had apparently stated that they could find no grounds to argue on his behalf with …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Paranoia, Prison conditions, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Peart and Peart v. Jamaica

Country: Jamaica
Year: 1995
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication Nos. 464 & 482/1991
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Peart and Peart (A and G) were convicted of murder and sentenced to death in 1988. They claimed that their conviction was based on the uncorroborated evidence of an eyewitness, evidence which had conflicted with a written statement previously made to the police but which they had not been allowed to see before or during …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Prison
Download Judgment: English

Soering v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1989
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: 161 Eur. Ct. H.R. (ser. A) (1989)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Jens Soering was a German national who came to the United States to study at the University of Virginia. While there, he became friends with Elizabeth Haysom, a Canadian national.  Haysom’s parents did not approve of Soering and Haysom’s relationship.  In March 1985 the couple made plans to kill Haysom’s parents.  They rented a car …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Torture
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Velasquez Rodriguez v. Honduras

Country: Honduras
Year: 1988
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Series C No. 4, July 29 1989
Health Topics: Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

This case considered the practice of “forced disappearances” by the Government of Honduras, which included secret surveillance, kidnapping and executions. The Court found as proved that “[d]uring the period 1981 to 1984, 100 to 150 persons disappeared in the Republic of Honduras, and many were never heard from again.” It recognized patterns in these disappearances …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Forced disappearance, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Military, Police, Torture
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Ford v. Wainwright

Country: United States
Year: 1986
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 477 U.S. 399 (1986)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The Appellant, Ford, was convicted of murder in a Florida state court and sentenced to death in 1974. There was no suggestion that he was incompetent at the time of the offense, at trial, or at sentencing. However in 1982, Ford began to manifest gradual changes in behavior, which, based on a psychiatric examination, indicated …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Gregg v. Georgia

Country: United States
Year: 1976
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 428 U.S. 153; 96 S. Ct. 2009
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner was charged with committing armed robbery and murder. The jury found the petitioner guilty of two counts of armed robbery and two counts of murder, and subsequently returned a sentence of death on each count, finding aggravating conditions present (that the murder offenses were committed while the defendant was engaged in the commission …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment
Download Judgment: English

Furman v. Georgia

Country: United States
Year: 1972
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 408 U.S. 238
Health Topics: Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The Court considered three cases together that involved individuals sentenced to death. One case involved a black man who was convicted of murdering a homeowner during an attempted burglary. He was committed to a psychiatric hospital after arrest and diagnosed as suffering from mild to moderate mental impairments with psychotic episodes, but was later found …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Rape, Sexual violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English