27 judgments found.

Andrea Mortlock v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2008
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 63/08, Case 12.534
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged the United States failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration). Petitioners included the Legal Aid Society and the International Human Rights Clinic at Washington College of Law. Petitioners alleged the United States violated the …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cocaine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Emergency care, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Immigration, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Marijuana, Migrants, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Substance abuse, Torture
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Case 2008-187

Country: Belgium
Year: 2008
Court: Constitutional Court [Court Constitutionelle]
Citation: Nos. 4408 and 4409. C. C., n°2008-187, 18 December 2008
Health Topics: Controlled substances
Facts:

The Criminal Court of Dendermonde in the Flemish Region of Belgium posed two interlocutory questions to the Belgian Constitutional Court regarding the constitutionality of Article 44 of a 1991 decree of the Flemish government relating to the practice of sport in compliance with health standards  As per Article 2 of the 1921 law concerning the …Read more

Tags: Drug abuse, Drug use, Performance-enhancing drugs
Download Judgment: French Flemish

Shelley v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23800/06; [2008] ECHR 108; (2008) 46 EHRR SE16
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant was a United Kingdom national imprisoned at H.M. Prison Whitemoor who complained that the Government’s failure to provide needle exchange programs in prisons violated the rights of prisoners under Article 2 (respect for the right to life), Article 3 (prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment), Article 8 (respect for …Read more

Tags: Custody, Drug use, Harm reduction, Health care technology, Health regulation, Hepatitis, HIV, IDUs, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Informed choice, Inhuman treatment, Injecting drug users, Inmate, Jail, Most-at-risk, People who use drugs, Prison conditions, Transmission
Download Judgment: English Italian

Melnik v. Ukraine

Country: Ukraine
Year: 2006
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 72286/01, Eur. Ct. H.R. (2006).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The applicant, a private citizen of Ukraine, was convicted in the Vinnytsia District Court for the unlawful possession of a quantity of opium with the premeditated intent to sell along with a group of persons. The District Court sentenced the applicant to five years imprisonment. During the trial, the applicant had refused the representation of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Cleanliness, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Drug abuse, Drug use, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Opioids, Opium, People who use drugs, Prison conditions, Substance abuse, TB, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

J.V. v. Flemish Government

Country: Belgium
Year: 2005
Court: Constitutional Court of Belgium [Cour constitutionnelle]
Citation: Case 2005-016F, 19 January 2005
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

J.V. filed an action in the Belgian Constitutional Court to annul article 40.6, line 2, of the Flemish Parliament’s Act of 1991 on the practice of sport with respect to health imperatives. He stated that the impugned provision that required the publication of details on a government website such as the name, date of birth …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug abuse, Drug use, Non-disclosure, Notification, People who use drugs, Performance-enhancing drugs, Secrecy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French Flemish

Case 54/2004 (XII.13.)

Country: Hungary
Year: 2004
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Five petitions brought separate challenges to Act IV of 1978 on the Hungarian Criminal Code (“Act”) related to the misuse of narcotic drugs. They argued that the Parliament had failed to ensure the exercise of the right to self-determination when it ordered the punishment of the production and cultivation of a small amount of narcotic …Read more

Tags: Addiction, Cannabis, Child development, Children, Cocaine, Criminalization, Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Heroin, IDUs, Injecting drug users, Minor, Opioids, Opium, Pediatric health, People who use drugs, Psychotropic drugs, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Juvenile Reeducation Institute v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2004
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Preliminary Objections, Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 112 (Sept. 2, 2004).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Nine inmates died from a fire at juvenile detention center “Colonel Panchito López” Juvenile Reeducation Institute (Center), one inmate died from a bullet wound sustained at the Center, and 37 inmates sustained injuries and smoke inhalation from three fires at the Center. The Center was under the authority of the Ministry of Justice and Labor …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Addiction, Child development, Children, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Drug abuse, Drug use, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Minor, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

McGlinchey and Ors. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2003
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: McGlinchey v. U.K., App. No. 50390/99, 37 EHRR 41 (2003).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Prisons, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Applicants, family members of an individual addicted to heroin who died in prison, alleged that the State violated Articles 3 (freedom from torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) and 13 (right to effective remedy) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“the Convention”) because the prisoner, Ms. …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to treatment, Addiction, Criminalization, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Drug abuse, Drug use, Heroin, IDUs, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Injecting drug users, Inmate, Jail, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French Ukrainian

R v. Malmo-Levine; R v. Caine

Country: Canada
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2003] 3 SCR 571
Health Topics: Controlled substances
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

M described himself as a “marijuana/freedom activist” helping to operate a co-operative, non-profit association seeking to minimize the harm caused by marijuana use. The police raided the organisation’s premises and seized 300 grams of marijuana. M was charged with possession of marijuana for the purpose of trafficking pursuant to section 4(2) Narcotics Control Act 1985 …Read more

Tags: Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Marijuana, People who use drugs, Substance abuse
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Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires v. Estado Nacional (Ministerio de Salud y Acción Social)

Country: Argentina
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: H. 90. XXXIV
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires, a private health service provider, filled a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the Federal State requiring the judiciary to declare that the National Act 24.754 was contrary to articles 14, 17, 28 and 33 of the National Constitution. The law obliged private health service providers …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Drug use, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, HIV, IDUs, Injecting drug users, People living with HIV/AIDS, People who use drugs, PLHIV, Rehabilitation, Social security, Subsidies, Substance abuse
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