156 judgments found.

Atkins v. Virginia

Country: United States
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 536 U.S. 304 (2002)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The Appellant, Atkins, a mentally disabled individual, was convicted of capital murder and related crimes by a Virginia jury and sentenced to death. He brought this appeal alleging that he could not be sentenced to death because executing the mentally disabled would constitute “cruel and unusual punishment” as prohibited by the Eighth Amendment.

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Joyce Nakacwa v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court at Kampala
Citation: [2002] UGCC 1; Constitutional Petition No. 2 of 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

On June 21, 2001, the petitioner delivered a baby by the roadside and visited the second respondent’s Naguru Maternity Home/Clinic with the baby still attached to her. She received no medical care and was referred to another hospital. The petitioner was unable to walk the distance and was forced to sit outside with her newborn …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Clinics, Compulsory examination, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Emergency care, Forced examination, Health facilities, Humiliating treatment, Infant mortality, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary examination, Jail, Law enforcement, Mandatory examination, Maternal health, Mob, Police, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Kalashnikov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 47095/99, 36 Eur. H.R. Rep. 34 (2003).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Tobacco, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Applicant, Russian national and President of the Northeast Commercial Bank, was accused of embezzlement and placed in detention. According to the applicant, he was detained in overcrowded and unsanitary cells, which occasionally contained inmates suffering from tuberculosis and syphilis. Moreover, the cells had inadequate toilet facilities, insufficient ventilation, and pest infestations. As a result the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Passive smoking, Prison conditions, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Torture, Tuberculosis

Lavents v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 58442/00 (November 28, 2002)
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

L, who was a Latvian national, was the former chairman of the supervisory board of Latvia’s largest bank. The bank went into liquidation, causing severe damage to the national economy and the financial ruin of many. L was suspected of the offence of sabotage for having authorized the transfer of approximately 139 million euros, more …Read more

Tags: Detainee, Detention, Prison conditions
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Paul Lallion v. Grenada

Country: Grenada
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Paul Lallion, Report No. 55/02, Case 11.756, IACHR, Doc. 5 rev. 1 at 551, 21 October 2002
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Poverty, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Paul Lallion appealed to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights alleging that his death penalty sentencing and appeal process, as well as the prison conditions he was subjected to during this process, violated Articles 4 (right to life), 5 (right to humane treatment), 7 (right to personal liberty), 8 (right to a fair trial), and …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Police, Poor, Prison conditions, Solitary confinement
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Prosecutor v. Kunarac (Appellate Judgment)

Country:
Year: 2002
Court: International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
Citation: IT-96-23 & IT-96-23/1-A
Health Topics: Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

K, RK and V are Bosnian Serbs who were involved in a Serb campaign against Bosnian Muslims in the area of Foca between April 1992 until at least February 1993. One purpose of the campaign was to cleanse the Foca area of Muslims. In addition to the Muslim armed forces, a target to the campaign …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Prison conditions, Rape, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

State v. Marapo

Country: Botswana
Year: 2002
Court: Court of Appeal
Citation: AHRLR 58 (BwCA 2002); Criminal Appeal No. 15/2002
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The case discusses the constitutionality of a statute that denied bail to people accused of rape. Marapo was arrested and charged with rape. Under Section 142(1)(i) of the Botswana Penal Code, he was not entitled to bail before trial. Marapo brought his case to the High Court, arguing that section 142(1)(i) of the Penal Code …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Custody, Detainee, Detention, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Rape, Safety regulation, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Keenan v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2001
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 27229/95, 33 Eur. H.R. Rep. 913 (2001).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medical malpractice, Medicines, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant brought an action on behalf of her mentally ill son, Mark Keenan, who killed himself in prison, alleging the State was in violation of Articles 2 (right to life), 3 (prohibition of torture) and 13 (right to an effective remedy) of the European Convention. The applicant alleged that her son, who was known …Read more

Tags: Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Isolation, Jail, Mandatory confinement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Seclusion, Suicide, Torture
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Khalfan Khamis Mohamed, et al. v. President of the Republic of South Africa and Six Others, et al.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2001
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2001] ZACC 18
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

M is a Tanzanian citizen, who was residing in South Africa after obtaining a temporary residence permit, was wanted in the US on a number of capital charges in connection with the bombing of two US embassies in Africa. When seeking to renew his temporary residence permit, M was arrested, detained and questioned by South African immigration …Read more

Tags: Custody, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Immigration, Migrants, Terrorism
Download Judgment: English

Naba & Ors v. The State

Country: Fiji
Year: 2001
Court: High Court
Citation: No. HAC0012 of 2000L (unreported)
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

N and four others were remanded in Natabua prison on 15th December 1999 on a charge of murder contrary to ss 199 and 200 of the Penal Code. In October 2000 the High Court refused the applicants’ request for bail whilst saying that if they were not released expeditiously it would have to reconsider the …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Prison conditions
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