78 judgments found.

R. v. Felix

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2013 ONCA 415
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

As a result of his alleged non-disclosure of his HIV-positive status to 3 complainants prior to engaging in sexual relations, the appellant (defendant), Lester Felix, was convicted of five counts of aggravated sexual assault and one count of sexual assault. Felix appealed all convictions. There was no evidence of the appellant’s level of risk of …Read more

Tags: Assault, Condoms, Contraception, Contraceptives, Disclosure, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Case of Y.Y v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Applications nos. 40378/06
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant gave premature birth to twins. One of the twins died nine hours after her birth. The second twin survived after being transferred to an intensive care unit. The applicant stated that the first child would have survived too if had been promptly transferred to the Intensive Care Unit. She sent letters to the …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Clinics, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health facilities, Health records, Infant health, Infant mortality, Medical records, Minor, Non-disclosure, Pediatric health, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Gillberg v. Sweden

Country: Sweden
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 41723/06; [2010] ECHR 1676
Health Topics: Health information
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant is a 50-year old professor specializing in child and adolescent psychiatry, at the University of Gothenburg. A neuropsychiatry research project, the Gothenburg Study, focusing on Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children was carried out from 1977 to 1992 at the University of Gothenburg. The researchers assured “the children’s parents and later to the …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Health data, Health information, Health records, Non-disclosure, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English French

H v. Finland

Country: Finland
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 37359/09
Health Topics: Health information, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, H., was born male, married a woman, and had a child. She was diagnosed as transgender during the course of the marriage, whereupon she changed her first names and renewed her passport and driver’s license. However, her request to have her identity number changed was refused based on sections 1 and 2 of …Read more

Tags: Civil union, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Domestic partnership, Gender identity, Gender reassignment, Non-disclosure, Notification, Spousal consent, Transgender
Download Judgment: English

Varapnickaite-Mazyliene v. Lithuania

Country: Lithuania
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 20376/05
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant in this case brought a lawsuit against the Republic of Lithuania under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”). She alleged her right to respect for her private life, protected by Article 8 of the Convention, had been violated by employees of the Children’s Welfare …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health care professionals, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Case GKPI10-1601

Country: Russia
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Case No. ГКПИ10-1601
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to family life
Facts:

N.T.V., a recipient of auxiliary reproductive technology (ART), submitted an application to declare invalid part of an order issued by the Ministry of Healthcare on February 26, 2003. The order (No. 67) approved instruction on the usage of various methods of ART. In particular, N.T.V. objected to paragraph 6, which prevents the establishment of paternity …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Children, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Informed choice, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English Russian

NASA v. Nelson

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 746 (2011)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case involved a challenge to background checks for government jobs on the basis of constitutional privacy.  Nelson and twenty-seven other federal contract employees, working for NASA at a government laboratory at the California Institute of Technology, claimed that two elements of a standard employment background investigation violated their constitutional rights:  a questionnaire that asked …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health data, Health information, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure, People who use drugs, Secrecy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Pliva v. Mensing

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 2567 (2011)
Health Topics: Health information, Health systems and financing, Medicines
Facts:

Metoclopramide is a drug commonly used to treat digestive tract problems such as diabetic gastroparesis and gastroesophageal reflux disorder. In 1980, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first approved metoclopramide tablets under the brand name Reglan. Generic manufacturers also began producing metoclopramide five years later. Over its usage history, evidence accumulated that long-term metoclopramide use …Read more

Tags: Disclosure, Drug quality, Drug safety, Generic drugs, Health regulation, Labeling, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Rt 2011 s 1433

Country: Norway
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Employment and Social Welfare Department v A ( Case No. HR-2011-2072-A)
Health Topics: Health information, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

A doctor was ordered to disclose the medical records of 12 patients, including the plaintiff. The doctor appealed the order to the Labor and Welfare Agency, which rejected the appeal. The plaintiff appealed the same order, but was also rejected since the order was not an “individual decision” making the plaintiff deemed to not be …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Sorrell v. IMS Health

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 2653 (2011)
Health Topics: Health information, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to privacy
Facts:

Pharmacies, “as a matter of business routine and federal law, receive prescriber-identifying information when processing prescriptions.” This “[k]nowledge of a physician’s prescription practices—called prescriber-identifying information,’” enables marketers representing pharmaceutical drug manufacturers (Detailers) to better “ascertain which doctors are likely to be interested in a particular drug and how best to present a particular sales message.” …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Generic drugs, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English