147 judgments found.

Sell v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 539 U.S. 166 (2003)
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Petitioner, Sell, had a long history of mental illness. In 1998, a federal grand jury issued an indictment charging Sell with attempting to murder an FBI agent who had arrested him in connection with a separate charge of mail fraud and a former employee who planned to testify against him in the upcoming fraud case. …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Incompetence, Informed choice, Inmate, Insanity, Involuntary treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Smith v. Carpenter

Country: United States
Year: 2003
Court: 2nd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 316 F.3d 178 (2003)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

Plaintiff filed suit alleging that Defendants deprived him of HIV medication on two occasions during his incarceration at the Camp Pharsalia Correctional Facility. The first deprivation occurred in October 1998 and lasted seven days, resulting from a delay in refilling Plaintiff’s prescriptions. The second occurred in January 1999, when Plaintiff’s medication was confiscated during a …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detention, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Second-line treatment
Download Judgment: English

Atkins v. Virginia

Country: United States
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 536 U.S. 304 (2002)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The Appellant, Atkins, a mentally disabled individual, was convicted of capital murder and related crimes by a Virginia jury and sentenced to death. He brought this appeal alleging that he could not be sentenced to death because executing the mentally disabled would constitute “cruel and unusual punishment” as prohibited by the Eighth Amendment.

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Benedict Jacob v. Grenada

Country: Grenada
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: "Report No. 56/02, Case 12.158, Inter-Am. C.H.R., Doc. 5 rev.1 at 601, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.117 Doc. 1 rev. 1, 7 March 2003"
Health Topics: Mental health, Poverty, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Jacob was convicted of murder by the State and a mandatory death sentence by hanging was imposed on him in accordance with the domestic law of Grenada. Jacob and the deceased had been in a relationship and had lived together previously, ending their cohabitation a few months before the deceased’s death. A psychiatrist testified on …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Jail, Low income, Poor, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Torture
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 1586-2002-R

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2002
Court: Tribunal Constitucional de Bolivia [Constitutional Tribunal of Bolivia]
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A constitutional amparo (writ of injunctive relief) petition was filed by Marco Marino Diodato del Gallo against the Governor of the Center for Rehabilitation “Santa Cruz” (the “Prison Governor”), alleging infringement of the claimant’s rights to life and health and safety. On March 12, 2001, the claimant suffered a triple heart attack caused by the …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Assault, Custody, Heart disease, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Noncommunicable diseases, Prison conditions
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Kalashnikov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 47095/99, 36 Eur. H.R. Rep. 34 (2003).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Tobacco, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Applicant, Russian national and President of the Northeast Commercial Bank, was accused of embezzlement and placed in detention. According to the applicant, he was detained in overcrowded and unsanitary cells, which occasionally contained inmates suffering from tuberculosis and syphilis. Moreover, the cells had inadequate toilet facilities, insufficient ventilation, and pest infestations. As a result the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Passive smoking, Prison conditions, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Torture, Tuberculosis

Montgomery v. Pinchak

Country: United States
Year: 2002
Court: 3rd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 294 F.3d 492 (2002)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The Appellant, Montgomery, was an inmate at the East Jersey State Prison (the Prison). Montgomery suffered from a heart condition and was HIV-positive. He brought these proceedings against prison administrative officials, the private corporate entity providing medical care to the prison (CMS), and a physician employed by CMS as an independent contractor at the prison. …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Detention, First-line treatment, Heart disease, Imprisonment, Inmate, Jail, Noncommunicable diseases, Pharmaceuticals, Second-line treatment, Secondary care, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Tertiary care, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Paul Lallion v. Grenada

Country: Grenada
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Paul Lallion, Report No. 55/02, Case 11.756, IACHR, Doc. 5 rev. 1 at 551, 21 October 2002
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Poverty, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Paul Lallion appealed to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights alleging that his death penalty sentencing and appeal process, as well as the prison conditions he was subjected to during this process, violated Articles 4 (right to life), 5 (right to humane treatment), 7 (right to personal liberty), 8 (right to a fair trial), and …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Police, Poor, Prison conditions, Solitary confinement
Download Judgment: English Spanish

State v. Marapo

Country: Botswana
Year: 2002
Court: Court of Appeal
Citation: AHRLR 58 (BwCA 2002); Criminal Appeal No. 15/2002
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The case discusses the constitutionality of a statute that denied bail to people accused of rape. Marapo was arrested and charged with rape. Under Section 142(1)(i) of the Botswana Penal Code, he was not entitled to bail before trial. Marapo brought his case to the High Court, arguing that section 142(1)(i) of the Penal Code …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Custody, Detainee, Detention, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Rape, Safety regulation, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Doe v. Delie

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: 3rd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 257 F.3d 309 (2001)
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, Doe, an HIV-positive former inmate of the State Correctional Institution at Pittsburgh (SCIP), brought this claim against SCIP officials, alleging that prison practices violated his constitutional right to privacy under the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. SCIP medical staff informed Doe that his HIV status would be kept confidential. However, because of practices …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Detention, Disclosure, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Medical records, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Torture
Download Judgment: English