159 judgments found.

Koryak v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application number 24677/10
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant was arrested and convicted of murder. The applicant alleged that he had not received proper medical attention while in detention and his detention and refusal to release despite his serious medical condition amounted to cruel treatment. He was sentenced to ten years of imprisonment in 2004. The applicant had been suffering from Tuberculosis …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health facilities, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Lung disease, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Prison conditions, TB, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Ochieng v. Attorney General

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya (Nairobi)
Citation: Petition No. 409 of 2009
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners were Kenyan citizens living with HIV/AIDS. They petitioned seeking a declaration that the fundamental rights of life, human dignity and health as protected and envisaged by the Constitution, encompassed access to affordable and essential drugs and medicines, including generic HIV/AIDS drugs. The petitioners also sought a declaration that the Anti-Counterfeit Act, 2008 and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, AIDS, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Patents, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Patricia Asero Ochieng, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 409 of 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioners were citizens of Kenya living with HIV. They claimed that provisions of the Anti-Counterfeiting Act, 2008 (the Act) severely restricted access to affordable, essential medicines, including generic medicines for HIV-related diseases, in violation of their fundamental rights to life, dignity and health protected under articles 26(1), 28 and 43 of the Constitution of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Drug quality, Drug safety, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Minor, Patents, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Poor, Pricing, Spurious medicines, Transmission, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Petition No. 409 of 2009

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Petitioners were indigent Kenyan citizens that were infected with HIV/AIDS. Petitioners depended on antiretroviral drugs for treatment of their condition; and, because of their poverty, relied on a program administered by the Kenyan government and an NGO for the provision of these drugs at little or no cost. This program could afford to operate as …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, AIDS, Generic drugs, Health spending, HIV, People living with HIV/AIDS
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R. v. Mabior

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2012 SCC 47; 2010 MBCA 93
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Respondent was charged with nine counts of aggravated sexual assault for not disclosing his HIV-positive status to nine Complainants before engaging in sexual intercourse with them. None of the Complainants tested positive for HIV. At trial, the Respondent was convicted on six counts and acquitted on three. He was acquitted on the basis of …Read more

Tags: Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Contraception, Contraceptives, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual assault, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

R.C. v. Minister of Health & Children

Country: Ireland
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Ireland
Citation: 2012 [IEHC] 204
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

This case was about whether a woman who contracted HIV infection from her partner qualified for compensation under Section 4(1)(g) of the Hepatitis C Compensation Act 1997 (the “Act”) as a spouse. R.C. was a 26-year-old woman, who had been diagnosed positive for HIV, and A.F. was her partner who had been compensated by the …Read more

Tags: Health funding, HIV, HIV positive, People living with HIV/AIDS, Sexually transmitted diseases, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Shchebetov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 21731/02
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant had contracted HIV and Tuberculosis while in prison, and alleged that he was denied adequate medical care in violation of his Article 2 (right to life) and Article 3 (prohibition on torture or inhuman or degrading treatment) rights under the European Convention on Human Rights (“Convention”). In 1997, the applicant was sentenced to …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Custody, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Inmate, Jail, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Prison conditions, TB, Transmission, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Adriana Ricardo da Rosa v. Sociedade de Onibus Porto Alegrense

Country: Brazil
Year: 2011
Court: Tribunal Superior do Trabalho, Primeira Turma (Superior Labor Court, 1st Section)
Citation: TST-RR-104900-64.2002.5.04.0022
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to work
Facts:

Plaintiff carrying the HIV virus was wrongfully terminated from her employment at the Sociedade de Onibus Porto Alegrense and alleged discriminatory motives, because the employer was aware that the employee carried the HIV virus at the time of termination. The employer asserts that it first became aware of the employee’s condition four years prior to her …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Employment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV
Download Judgment: English Portuguese

Allpass v. Mooikloof Estates (Pty) Ltd.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2011
Court: Labour Court of South Africa
Citation: Case No. JS178/09; [2011] ZALCJHB 7; 2011 (2) SA 638 (LC); [2011] 5 BLLR 462 (LC); (2011) 32 ILJ 1637 (LC)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicant, Allpass, was hired as a stable yard manager and horse-riding instructor for the Respondent, Mooikloof Estates. He had 27 years of experience in horse riding, instructing and stable yard management. At the time of his hiring, the Applicant had been living with HIV for 17 years and was in a same-sex civil union. …Read more

Tags: Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asthma, Disclosure, Gay, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, LGBTI, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexual orientation
Download Judgment: English

Canada (Attorney General) v. PHS Community Services

Country: Canada
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2011] 3 S.C.R. 134; [2011] S.C.C. 44
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Insite was a medical facility that supervised intravenous drug use. It was established in response to escalating intravenous drug use and a rise in HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C infections among the population of the downtown eastside (DTES) area of Vancouver. In 2003, pursuant to section 56 of the Controlled Drug and Substances Act (CDSA), which …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Clinics, Criminalization, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health facilities, Hepatitis, Heroin, HIV, IDUs, Injecting drug users, Most-at-risk, Opioids, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse, Transmission
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