45 judgments found.

Gillberg v. Sweden

Country: Sweden
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 41723/06; [2010] ECHR 1676
Health Topics: Health information
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant is a 50-year old professor specializing in child and adolescent psychiatry, at the University of Gothenburg. A neuropsychiatry research project, the Gothenburg Study, focusing on Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children was carried out from 1977 to 1992 at the University of Gothenburg. The researchers assured “the children’s parents and later to the …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Health data, Health information, Health records, Non-disclosure, Secrecy
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NASA v. Nelson

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 746 (2011)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case involved a challenge to background checks for government jobs on the basis of constitutional privacy.  Nelson and twenty-seven other federal contract employees, working for NASA at a government laboratory at the California Institute of Technology, claimed that two elements of a standard employment background investigation violated their constitutional rights:  a questionnaire that asked …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health data, Health information, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure, People who use drugs, Secrecy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Seaton v. Mayberg

Country: United States
Year: 2010
Court: 9th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 610 F.3d 530 (2010)
Health Topics: Health information, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, Seaton, an inmate, brought suit against the director of the California Department of Mental Health, the administrator of a state hospital, and two psychologists, alleging that they violated his constitutional right to privacy when they examined and communicated their opinions about his medical records to the district attorney’s office in the period before …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Confidentiality, Detention, Disclosure, Health data, Health information, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Medical records, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-disclosure, Psychiatry, Psychology, Torture
Download Judgment: English

J.S.C.H., et al. v. Mexico

Country: Mexico
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 02/09, Petitions 302-04 and 386-04, February 4, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged Mexico failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to equal protection of the law and the right to humane treatment. J.S.C.H. and M.G.S. were discharged from the Mexican Army because of their HIV …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Compulsory testing, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, First-line treatment, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Medical records, Military, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
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Philip Morris Brands SARL et al. v. Secretary of State for Health

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2006
Court: Court of Justice of the European Union (Second Chamber)
Citation: Case C-547/14
Facts:

The case before the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) arose in the form of a request from the High Court of England and Wales. The request was made for a preliminary ruling on various questions relating to the validity of Directive 2014/40/EU on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions …Read more

Tags: Child and adolescent health: Child development, Freedom of Expression, Health information, Public safety, Right to Access to Information, Right to Health, tabacco
Download Judgment: English

State v. Daniels

Country: United States
Year: 2006
Court: Supreme Court of Ohio
Citation: 108 Ohio St.3d 518 (2006); 2006-Ohio-1215
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

The Cincinnati Health Department (CHD) refused a request from a reporter from the Cincinnati Enquirer (the Enquirer) for “copies of the 343 lead citations and any others that were issued between 1994 and the present.” The lead citations were lead-contamination notices issued to owners of units reported to be the residences of children whose blood …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Freedom of information, Health information, Health promotion, Minor, Notification
Download Judgment: English

Case 270234

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°270234, 26 September 2005
Health Topics: Health information
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners brought this challenge to a decision of the French Minister of Health and Social Welfare and to a decree legislating the patient’s right to access his/her health information held by health professionals or facility and her/his right to use the help of a mandated third person to access such information. The petitioners requested the …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health facilities, Health information, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure
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Citizens for Health v. Leavitt

Country: United States
Year: 2005
Court: 3rd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 428 F.3d 167 (2005)
Health Topics: Health information, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case concerned a challenge to a rule promulgated by the United States Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to the administrative simplification provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). The original privacy rule “required covered entities to seek individual consent to use or disclose health information in all …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Electronic health records, Health data, Health information, Health regulation, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Douglas v. Dobbs

Country: United States
Year: 2005
Court: 10th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 419 F.3d 1097 (2005)
Health Topics: Health information
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, Douglas, brought suit claiming that the Respondent, Dobbs, an Assistant District Attorney, violated her constitutional right to privacy by approving a police search of her pharmacy records. The search was initiated after a police sergeant learned from Douglas’ physician that he suspected Douglas was abusing prescription pain medication by forging prescriptions, running through …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health data, Health information, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Gajda v. Manhattan

Country: United States
Year: 2005
Court: 2nd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 396 F.3d 187 (2005)
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

Plaintiff Gajda, a bus driver for Defendant, challenged the District Court finding that it was “consistent with business necessity” under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), § 12112(d)(4), for the Defendant to require the Plaintiff to disclose the results of his HIV-related laboratory tests. The relevant provision of the ADA states that “[a] covered entity …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English
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