22 judgments found.

J.V. v. Flemish Government

Country: Belgium
Year: 2005
Court: Constitutional Court of Belgium [Cour constitutionnelle]
Citation: Case 2005-016F, 19 January 2005
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

J.V. filed an action in the Belgian Constitutional Court to annul article 40.6, line 2, of the Flemish Parliament’s Act of 1991 on the practice of sport with respect to health imperatives. He stated that the impugned provision that required the publication of details on a government website such as the name, date of birth …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug abuse, Drug use, Non-disclosure, Notification, People who use drugs, Performance-enhancing drugs, Secrecy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French Flemish

Case 54/2004 (XII.13.)

Country: Hungary
Year: 2004
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Five petitions brought separate challenges to Act IV of 1978 on the Hungarian Criminal Code (“Act”) related to the misuse of narcotic drugs. They argued that the Parliament had failed to ensure the exercise of the right to self-determination when it ordered the punishment of the production and cultivation of a small amount of narcotic …Read more

Tags: Addiction, Cannabis, Child development, Children, Cocaine, Criminalization, Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Heroin, IDUs, Injecting drug users, Minor, Opioids, Opium, Pediatric health, People who use drugs, Psychotropic drugs, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Juvenile Reeducation Institute v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2004
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Preliminary Objections, Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 112 (Sept. 2, 2004).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Nine inmates died from a fire at juvenile detention center “Colonel Panchito López” Juvenile Reeducation Institute (Center), one inmate died from a bullet wound sustained at the Center, and 37 inmates sustained injuries and smoke inhalation from three fires at the Center. The Center was under the authority of the Ministry of Justice and Labor …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Addiction, Child development, Children, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Drug abuse, Drug use, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Minor, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

McGlinchey and Ors. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2003
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: McGlinchey v. U.K., App. No. 50390/99, 37 EHRR 41 (2003).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Prisons, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Applicants, family members of an individual addicted to heroin who died in prison, alleged that the State violated Articles 3 (freedom from torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) and 13 (right to effective remedy) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“the Convention”) because the prisoner, Ms. …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to treatment, Addiction, Criminalization, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Drug abuse, Drug use, Heroin, IDUs, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Injecting drug users, Inmate, Jail, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French Ukrainian

R v. Malmo-Levine; R v. Caine

Country: Canada
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2003] 3 SCR 571
Health Topics: Controlled substances
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

M described himself as a “marijuana/freedom activist” helping to operate a co-operative, non-profit association seeking to minimize the harm caused by marijuana use. The police raided the organisation’s premises and seized 300 grams of marijuana. M was charged with possession of marijuana for the purpose of trafficking pursuant to section 4(2) Narcotics Control Act 1985 …Read more

Tags: Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Marijuana, People who use drugs, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French

Ferguson v. City of Charleston

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 532 U.S. 67 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners were former patients who received obstetrical care at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), a public hospital in the city of Charleston, and who were arrested after testing positive for cocaine. In 1988, concerns arose among MUSC staff about an apparent increase in the use of cocaine by patients who were receiving prenatal …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cocaine, Compulsory testing, Crack cocaine, Drug abuse, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 532 U.S. 483 (2001)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Medicines
Facts:

The Respondent, Oakland Cannabis Buyers’ Cooperative (Cooperative), was a not-for-profit medical cannabis dispensary established after California voters enacted a measure that created “an exception to California laws” that prohibited “the possession and cultivation of marijuana.” The Cooperative had a physician as its medical director, registered nurses as staff during business hours, and dispensed marijuana to …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Drug abuse, Marijuana, Secondary care, Substance abuse, Tertiary care
Download Judgment: English

Condron v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2000
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 35718/97, 31 Eur. H.R. Rep. 1 (2001).
Health Topics: Controlled substances
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The applicants, who were heroine addicts, had been arrested and convicted for drug related offences. Upon their arrest, the solicitor had maintained that they were unfit to be interviewed as they were displaying early stages of heroine withdrawal. However, the Force Medical Examiner assessed both applicants as fit to be interviewed. Both applicants failed to …Read more

Tags: Addiction, Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Heroin, Law enforcement, People who use drugs, Police, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Strykiwsky v. Mills (in his capacity as Warden of Stony Mountain Institution)

Country: Canada
Year: 2000
Court: Federal Court - Trial Division
Citation: Court File no. T-389-00
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The applicant was an inmate of Warkworth prison and a long time heroin addict. While an inmate, the applicant sought to overcome this addiction. The Correctional Service of Canada had a 2-phase program to address addiction cases.  Phase I provided regular doses of methadone “only to those entering federal prison… already enrolled in a community …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Addiction, Drug abuse, Drug use, Emergency care, Heroin, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Methadone, Opioids, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French

Johansen v. Norway

Country: Norway
Year: 1996
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 24/1995/530/616, August 7, 1996
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

Johansen (J) gave birth to a son, C, in 1977 when she was seventeen years old and they became dependent on social assistance. From 1980 onwards she cohabited with a man who was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment for drug offences in 1983 and who mistreated her and C. The welfare authorities assisted J on …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Child development, Children, Domestic abuse, Domestic violence, Drug abuse, Drug use, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Minor, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French
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