156 judgments found.

Organisation Mondiale Contre la Torture, et al. v. Rwanda

Country: Rwanda
Year: 1996
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2000) AHRLR 282 (ACHPR 1996); Communications 27/89, 49/91 and 99/93
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Various communications alleged that: (1) Burundian nationals, who had been refugees in Rwanda for several years, were told they had one month to leave the country as they were considered national risks risks due to their “subversive activities”. The refugees were not able to challenge the expulsion in court (2) arbitrary arrests and summary executions …Read more

Tags: Detainee, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Griffin v. Spain

Country: Spain
Year: 1995
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: U.N. H.R. Comm., U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/53/D/493/1992 (Apr. 5, 1995).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioner, a Canadian citizen, was arrested along with two acquaintances when the group attempted to enter Spain with large quantities of hashish concealed in their vehicle. The petitioner claimed to have no knowledge of the contraband, and his acquaintances also told police that he was innocent of any wrongdoing. Nevertheless, the examining magistrate incarcerated …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Drug use, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, People who use drugs, Police, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Simms v. Jamaica

Country: Jamaica
Year: 1995
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 541/1993
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Simms (S) was awaiting execution following his conviction for murder in 1988 which was based on identification evidence. S complained about weaknesses in the identification evidence, the failure of the judge to direct the jury properly about that evidence, the inadequacy of the representation provided by his legal aid lawyer, the absence of an opportunity …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail
Download Judgment: English

El-Megreisi v. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Country: Libya
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 440/1990
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

El-Megreisi (E) alleged that his family home was searched at dawn by the security police and that his brother, having been asked to leave with them to assist in an unspecified security matter, never returned. He also alleged that after over three years had elapsed, his brother’s wife was allowed to visit him in a …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detainee, Detention, Forced disappearance, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Kay v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1994
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 17821/91
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a British citizen, claimed violations of sections one and four of Article 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights (the “Convention”) related to his involuntary recall to medical detention by the Home Secretary. In 1970, the applicant raped and killed his twelve year old neighbor. In January of 1971, the applicant pled …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Jail, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

M.H. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1994
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 22162/93
Health Topics: Prisons, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy, Right to property
Facts:

The applicant was serving a sentence of life imprisonment in HM Prison Stocken.  He had been convicted of the murder of an elderly man in 1972 and received a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment.  The applicant’s sentence was reviewed by the Parole Board in or about 1984. A release date was apparently set and he …Read more

Tags: Custody, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Threat of violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English

M’Boissona (on behalf of Bozize) v. Central African Republic

Country: Central African Republic
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication 428/1990, UN Doc. CCPR/C/50/D/428/1990
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

In a communication submitted to the United Nations Humans Right Committee (“UNHRC”), Yvonne M’Boissona asserted that her brother, François Bozize, led a coup d’état in the Central African Republic in 1982. After fleeing the country, he was arrested in July 1989 in Benin, repatriated to the Central African Republic by force, and imprisoned at a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Assault, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Food, Food safety, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Malnutrition, Military, Militias, Prison conditions, Refugee, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Mika Miha v. Equatorial Guinea

Country: Equatorial Guinea
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 414/1990
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Mika Miha (M), having twice previously left Equatorial Guinea for asylum abroad, had returned in 1988 to support the activities of an opposition party to which he belonged. Shortly afterwards, he was arrested by members of the security forces. The only explanation given was that his detention had been ordered by the president. For the …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Kanana Tshiongo a Minanga v. Zaire

Country: Congo, DRC
Year: 1993
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 366/1989
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Kanana Tshiongo A Minanga (K), a founder of a political party opposed to the governing regime of President Mobutu, complained that he was taken by members of the Zairian defense forces to the headquarters of the political police supposedly to meet the director and then held overnight without any reason being given. While there, he …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Herczegfalvy v. Austria

Country: Austria
Year: 1992
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 10533/83, Eur. Ct. H.R. 58 (1992).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Applicant, a Hungarian national, served a prison sentence during which he assaulted prison officers, other detainees and threatened judges. He served a six-month pre-detention period in a facility for mentally ill offenders where he remained until his conditional release. He claims that his rights pursuant to Article 5 of the European Convention of Human Rights …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Hunger strike, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English
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