34 judgments found.

R (on the application of Pretty) v. Director of Public Prosecutions

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2001
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [2001] UKHL 61; [2002] 1 All ER 1
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy

The applicant, a U.K. national, alleged that section 2(1) of the Suicide Act 1961, which contained an offence of aiding and abetting suicide under English law, violated her rights under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (the Convention), in particular Articles 2 (right to life), 3 (freedom from torture …Read more

Tags: Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Inhuman treatment, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Suicide, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Kudla v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2000
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 30210/96, 35 Eur. H.R. Rep. 198 (2000).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial

Applicant, a Polish national suffering from chronic depression, alleged violations of Articles 3 (prohibition of torture), 5.3 (trial within a reasonable time), 6.1 (unreasonably long proceedings), and 13 (effective remedy) of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). The applicant was in detention for fraud charges. While in prison, he attempted suicide twice and went …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Counseling, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Examination, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary confinement, Jail, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Suicide, Torture

Washington v. Glucksberg

Country: United States
Year: 1997
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 521 U.S. 702 (1997)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy

Under the Wash. Rev. Code §9A36.060 (1) it was a crime to cause or aid another person to commit suicide. In 1996, a lower court struck down this law on the basis it violated an individual’s constitutionally protected right to choose the time and manner of death. The petitioners, the State of Washington and its …Read more

Tags: Assisted suicide, Criminalization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Informed choice, Palliative care, Patient choice, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Attorney General v. X

Country: Ireland
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1992] 1 IR 1 (5th March, 1992)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life

The first defendant was a fourteen and a half year old girl who became pregnant after being raped by a family friend. Her parents (second and third defendants) reported the rape to the police and inquired whether there was a process available to test the paternity of the fetus before the defendants aborted the pregnancy …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Depression, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Molestation, Pediatric health, Pregnancy, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Suicide, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English